EFI logo

Metadata & Repository browser

Title: D7.1-2.1 List and classification of the existing EU and national policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression or prescribed fires
Subject: [FIRE PARADOX Deliverables, Fire Paradox Modules, Module 7 - Policies and practices assessment, WP7.1 - Complete review of policies and practices at the European and national scale with special emphasis on prescribed burning and suppression fire][FIRE PARADOX Deliverables, Fire Paradox Modules, Module 7 - Policies and practices assessment, WP7.1 - Complete review of policies and practices at the European and national scale with special emphasis on prescribed burning and suppression fire][FIRE PARADOX Deliverables, Fire Paradox Modules, Module 7 - Policies and practices assessment, WP7.1 - Complete review of policies and practices at the European and national scale with special emphasis on prescribed burning and suppression fire][FIRE PARADOX Deliverables, Fire Paradox Modules, Module 7 - Policies and practices assessment, WP7.1 - Complete review of policies and practices at the European and national scale with special emphasis on prescribed burning and suppression fire]
Description: This report was prepared as part of IP FIRE PARADOX (2006-2010), in the section related with Policies and Practices Assessment (Module 7). The overall objective of the FIRE PARADOX project is to set the basis for the analysis of wildfire policy instruments at the national and European level in order to provide recommendations for long-term policy measures and to encourage a shift towards integrated wildland fire management adapted to specific territorial contexts. For this purpose, it was necessary to compile, list and classify the existing policy instruments in North African countries and on the pan-European scale with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires. In Europe, there is no common forest policy. The development of forest policies, and therefore wildland fire issues, is the responsibility of Member States. However, the European Union can have an influence directly or indirectly and complement national forest policy processes through the approval of regulations, directives and action plans. As wildland fire issues are mainly dealt with as a part of national forest policies, the existence and typology of the national forest planning documents depends on (¡) the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies and (ii) the responsibility allocation within each national governance structure (situation of decentralization). Two planning documents comprise the main policy instruments in relation with wildfires: National/Regional Forest Programmes and specific plans concerning defence and protection against wildfires. The compilation and classification of these documents is based on the information obtained through a questionnaire sent to the national experts of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the Commission, and other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. This review of existing wildland fire policy instruments has identified the following key issues: • There is a wide range of definitions of wildland fire topics among the different countries considered in the report. Each uses its own terminology, and in many cases the meaning of terminology is not set forth in law. Carrying out a review of documents from a large number of countries demonstrated the importance of setting clear definitions for basic terms. • The structure of national governance is crucial. The degree of decentralization determines where responsibilities are allocated and how they are developed. Therefore, multilevel governance structure will be one of the main factors guiding future assessment of national forest policies. • There are some countries that do not yet have a specific policy for wildland fires, but progress on forest policy is noted in all the countries included in the report. • The compilation of policy instruments shows that 8 of 12 countries considered in the document have a specific wildland fire plan or strategy; these are often linked to national forest policy. There is a great diversity among the existing policy instruments related to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires in European and North African countries. The risk severity of wildfires in the national contexts and the different political and administrative systems existing in each country justify the differing scope of each country’s national policy instruments. Here, we present a first version of the list and classification of the national policy instruments based on the information obtained from Bulgaria, Cyprus, France, Latvia, Lithuania, Morocco, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Tunisia.
Abstract:
Language: English
Quality:
Date:
Creator: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM-GIPSF)
Publisher:
Contributor:
Source:
Rights restrictions: no restriction
Access rights:
Audience: public
Download: D7.1-2.1 List and classification of the existing EU and national policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression or prescribed fires