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Title: D7.3-1 Assessment document on the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and spatial policy instruments concerning wildfire integrated management in the EU, in European member states and in North African countries
Subject: [FIRE PARADOX Deliverables, Fire Paradox Modules, Module 7 - Policies and practices assessment, WP7.3 - Territorial policies and practices: pros and cons related to fire propagation]
Description: This report has been prepared as part of IP FIRE PARADOX (2006-2010), in the section related with Policies and Practices Assessment (Module 7). The overall objective of the Fire Paradox project is to set the basis for the analysis of wildfire policy instruments at the national and European level in order to provide recommendations for long-term policy measures and to encourage a shift towards integrated wildland fire management adapted to specific territorial contexts. For this purpose, apart from sectoral policies which have the responsibility for national wildland fire management (forest and civil protection), it is considered necessary to analyse other public policies with influence in structural causes affecting wildland fires, which are out of the sectoral scope and are basic for wildfire initiation and propagation. Taking into account a cross-sectoral approach is even more crucial in the European context since no European Union (EU) Treaty provides for a comprehensive common forest policy to all member states but recognizes the need to support them in forest related issues through other EU policies. Hence, this study includes an assessment of a selection of public policies with greater incidence in wildland fire management: spatial planning, agricultural and rural development policies, energy policy and environmental policy, focused in: i) identifying cross-sectoral policy impacts influencing wildfire prevention and propagation ii) assessing main strength and weaknesses they have for Integrated Wildland Fire Management. Results are presented at two levels: EU level and National level, the latter with two scales of detail through a pan-European and North African comparative assessment and national in-depth study cases. The assessment is based on a review of literature and bibliographical references, the analysis of regulatory and planning instruments at the EU, national and regional level, and complementarily, a questionnaire sent to the national experts of the Working Group of Forest Fire Prevention Experts (WGFFP), an informal working group composed by experts from the national authorities nominated by the EU Member States and the European Commission. The report has identified some common findings about the role for territorial policies concerning integrated wildland fire management at the national and European level:  A cross-sectoral approach provides the opportunity to study in-depth the structural causes affecting wildland fires as well as for knowing the possibilities for intervention upon these.  It is necessary to assess the level of coincidence between the public policies’ objectives regarding wildland fires, that is, to what extent there are complementary or conflictive relations among these. Likewise, it is important to consider the potential negative impacts: spatial planning guidelines which may set the conditions for more devastating fires.  The adoption of a multilevel approach is needed when assessing the impact of public policies on wildland fire management: the main orientation stemming form the European Union, the State’s national regulatory framework and finally, the implementation at the regional and local level.  There is strong conviction about the role that territorial policies should play in solving the wildfire problem, mainly in the prevention and propagation stages. Environmental and rural development policies are identified as those with most relevant by sectors directly involved in wildland fire management (Forest and Civil Protection)  However territorial policies lack effective implementation due to the subsidiary character, compared to forest and civil protection policies.  There is need for a major spatial approach (vs generic approaches) for territorial policies to achieve a more effective implementation upon wildland fire management. Opportunities derived from new spatial planning paradigms and EU tendencies (i.e.: new energetic priorities, forest value for rural development) should be taken in advance. This document is the first step of the cross-sectoral analysis of territorial policies framed in the project, which will be updated in August 2009. Hence, this first document does not constitute a complete version but an advance of results and the methodology proposed for the different levels of assessment.
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Language: English
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Creator: UCM-GIPSF
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Rights restrictions: no restriction
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Audience: public
Download: D7.3-1 Assessment document on the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and spatial policy instruments concerning wildfire integrated management in the EU, in European member states and in North African countries