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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Rangendingen /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Rangendingen, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary dry calcarious grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: D7.4-2 Review on CO2 emissions mitigation through prescribed burning options to apply prescribed fires within the frame of the Kyoto protocol a case study in Patagonia /
Language: English
Description: Although wildland fire is known as a natural force that has shaped most vegetation types of the world, its mismanagement during the last century has lead to more frequent and catastrophic fires at present times. Apart from the concern raised globally on how to deal with this problem, wildland fires are also being recognized as one of the sources of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG´s) that influence global climate change. One of the techniques used to reduce the risk of destructive wildfires (i.e. prescribed burning), has also the theoretical potential of mitigating carbon emissions, and effectively contributes to the efforts proposed as part of the Clean Development Mechanism within the Kyoto protocol. In order to apply this concept to a real case, a study was set in pine afforestations of the Andean region of Patagonia, Argentina, with the objective of evaluating the potential of prescribed burns for reducing GHG’s emissions. The scenario was established for a period of ten years, in which prescribed burns were compared to the traditional management scheme, which included the probability of annual average of wildfire occurrence based on available wildfire statistics. The two contrasting situations were: 1) Managed afforestations, affected by the annual average rate of wildfires occurred in the same type of afforestations in the region, without prescribed burning, and 2) Same as 1) but with the application of prescribed burning. In order to estimate carbon stocks, and CO2 removals and emissions, we followed the directions given for GHG´s inventories on the AFOLU sector of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Data of afforested area, thinnings, and biomass growth were taken from previous surveys in the study area. Downed dead wood and litter (Forest Fuel Load, FFL) was estimated adjusting equations fitted to those fuels, based on field data. Results show that comparing the two scenarios, prescribed burning reduced CO2 emissions by 44% as compared to the situation without prescribed burnings. Prescribed burning emissions represented about 12% of the total emissions (prescribed burning plus wildfires). Furthermore, avoided wildfires by prescribed burnings allowed an additional 78% GHG's emission mitigation due to extra biomass growth, and its emission mitigation could be kept positive by increasing the treated area several times the used here. In summary, prescribed burnings probed to be a management practice that could not only help prevent wildfires to achieve productive objectives, but also an efficient tool to mitigate worldwide GHG’s emissions.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_St. Johann /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in St. Johann, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary dry calcarious grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Portugal_Marao /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Serra do Marão,Portugal: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was the creation of a network of fuel breaks to prevent wildfire propagation, protecting forest areas and improve grazing in mountainous shrublands. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: The presence of pinewoods and eucalyptus works as an explosiveLa présence de pins maritimes et d’eucalyptus crée une dynamique explosiveLa presencia de pinos marítimos y eucalipto funciona como explosivo La presenza di pini ed eucalipto funziona come mezzo esplosivo A existência de pinheiros e eucaliptos funcionam como um meio explosivo
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Cloppenburg /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Cloppenburg, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and improvement of Calluna vulgaris habitat. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: D7.1-1.1-36 List and classification of the existing EU and national forest legislation and national policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires /
Language: English
Description: A compilation and classification was made of existing regulations and policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires, both in North African countries and for Europe. Since wildland fire issues are mainly dealt within national forest policies, this analysis has mainly focused on the national scale, although the existence of different multilevel governance structures make it necessary to address the issue on a regional level in decentralized countries. Thus, three types of regulatory texts are identified as relevant for the Integrated Wildland Fire Management: (i) Basic Forest Legislation, (ii) Basic Wildland Fire Legislation, and (iii) Specific Legislation on the Use of Fire. Concerning policy instruments, two planning documents have been considered: National/Regional Forest Programmes and specific plans concerning defence and protection against wildfires. Its typology depends on (i) the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies, and (ii) the responsibility allocation within each national governance structure (situation of decentralization). The compilation and classification of these documents was based on the information obtained from a questionnaire sent to the national experts of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the Commission, and on other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. The review of existing wildland fire legal and policy instruments in 21 EU countries and three North African countries has identified the following key issues: (1) The existence of a range of definitions related to wildland fire management, with different meanings in different European settings as well as differing legal terminology for these terms. (2) The importance of the structure of national governance. The degree of decentralization will determine where the responsibilities are allocated and how they are developed. Therefore, the structure of national governance will be one of the main factors guiding future assessment of national forest policies. (3) The influence of the European Union in national forest policies through EU regulations dealing with specific aspects of the forest sector or forest-related issues, as a complement to national activities, where necessary. (4) There is a great diversity among the regulatory texts and policy instruments related to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires in European and North African countries, due to the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies and the different wildfire risk in each national/regional context. (5) Few of the analysed countries have a specific wildland fire law or regulation. Most of them deal with wildfires within their Forest Laws, through a specific chapter dedicated to wildfires (Southern countries) or in a general chapter on forest protection (Northern countries). (6) There are some countries that do not yet have a specific policy for wildland fires, but progress on forest policy is noted in all the countries included in the report. (7) The compilation of policy instruments shows that 12 of 17 countries considered in the document have a specific wildland fire plan or strategy; these are often linked to national forest policy. (8) Regulation of the use of fire in Europe, although extensive, has focused almost exclusively on the regulation of activities that involve the use of fire in wildland areas or close to these areas (i.e. fire for recreation, alimentation purposes or traditional rural practices). However, fire use for forest management, wildfire prevention and for wildfire suppression receives little attention in legislation. When addressed, it is usually authorized but not regulated, possibly due to the recent development of these perspectives in the continent.
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Title: Deliverable D.7.1-1-2 Assessment document on the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and policy instruments concerning integrated wildland fire management in the EU, in European Member States and in North African countries /
Language: English
Description: Wildfires are one of the main risks affecting European forests, particularly in the Mediterranean countries. Socio-economic changes, some forest management actions and other policy measures outside the forest sector (i.e. environmental and nature protection policies) have generally influenced the flammability of ecosystems and increased the risk of large wildfires. Policy and legislation have great relevance in fire management in order to face the new realities that are bringing about fundamental changes within the forest sector. This document is the second step in the analysis process of the existing European and national legislation and policy instruments with reference to wildland fires. The first step was the compilation and classification of the related documents. This document presents the assessment of the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and policy outputs in order to consider their contributions to integrated wildland fire management. The assessment is based on the information obtained through a questionnaire sent to the national representatives of the Expert Group on Forest Fires (a group linked to the European Forest Fire Information System, EFFIS, established by the Joint Research Centre, JRC, of the European Commission), national fire technicians and other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. The territorial scope covers the European Union including its 27 Member States and a representation of the North African countries through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. However, not all the EU-countries are included in the present document due to the lack of official information. The scales considered for the analysis are the European Union context and the national level. The assessment of the wildfire related legislation and policy instruments has tried to address, considering not only the sometimes limited information available but also, and most important, the general descriptive and self-complementary tone of the primary material analyzed, the following issues: (1) Are existing legislation and policies adapted to the specific national contexts? (2) Are policies and legislations implemented and enforced correctly? (3) Are national policies iterative and participatory processes? Is the legal framework open to revision and dynamic? (4) Which are the major fire-related issues considered in order to achieve Integrated Wildland Fire Management? (5) Is there effective cross-sectoral coordination among the different organizations working on wildland fires? (6) The responsibility for reducing the likelihood and consequence of wildfires is appropriately shared between the public administration and private land owners/managers. As a result of the analysis of the existing wildland fire legal and policy instruments the following strengths and weakness have been identified: (1) There are shortcomings in national regulations that need to be sorted out in order to provide a useful, self-contained and common wildfire legal framework for the Member States. This statement is especially evident as regards prescribed fire and suppression fire regulations. (2) Even though the European legislation has contributed to homogenize national legal frameworks, there are still important differences among countries. The comprehensiveness and scope of national regulations is above all different if Mediterranean countries (including France and Bulgaria, which share similar problems) are compared with other European countries. (3) Most forestry-related documents hardly ever mention wildfire management. In fact, there are some countries that do not have a specific policy for wildland fires yet, but some progress is to be noticed in all countries as wildfires are becoming a growing problem. (4) The diverse risk severity of wildfires in the national contexts and the different political and administrative systems existing in each country justify to some extent the differing scope of each country's national legal and policy instruments. Besides, the vagueness of the concept of sustainable forest management allows for the introduction of taylored practices in different contexts, let alone the reference to the diverse environmental circumstances in Europe that many that EU documents have incorporated. (5)Lack of an effective coordination among the different units dealing with wildland fires is clearly a weak point. Further, problems of coordination are aggravated by the fact that many countries have federal systems (multilevel governance frequently leads to time-consuming processes and sub-optimal results) or are undergoing decentralization trends. (6) Regarding community-based cooperation, organized groups of local stakeholders are emerging especially in Mediterranean countries. These groups contribute to fire management as a result of instrumental motivation, or self-interest. Furthermore, some common ecological and socio-economical patterns have been recognised at the regional level, which will be used to provide recommendations for the future and to set the basis for a new legislation and policy measures relative to integrated wildland fire management, adapted to each territorial context.
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Title: FIRE PARADOX Project Summary / An innovative approach of integrated wildland fire management regulating the wildfire problem by the wise use of fire: solving the fire paradox
Language: English
Description: Man has always used fire in nature but its misuse can end in catastrophe and, as a Finnish proverb says, "fire is a bad master but a good servant". Contemporary trends of fuel accumulation on the landscape caused by land abandonment are aggravated by efficient fire suppression, with the paradoxical effect of increasing the risk of large and devastating wildfires in the Mediterranean Basin. No matter how sophisticated it is fire fighting technology cannot cope with fire events occurring under extreme weather conditions, as the summers of 2003, 2004 and 2005 have shown. Past European research and practical experience in various countries highlight the need to design fire management and wildfire hazard mitigation policies adapted to the European situation. It is the ambition of FIRE PARADOX to contribute actively to set the bases for a fire management policy that would prevent the current disastrous social, economical and environmental consequences of wildfires in southern Europe.
Date: 20/02/2007
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats,OfficeDocument,TextDoc,Adobe Acrobat [.pdf]]
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Title: D 7.1-3.7 Guidelines to mitigate personal risk in prescribed burning and suppression fire /
Language: English
Description: This report is a contribution to define the major measures in job hazard abatement actions that should be implemented when we use fire as either vegetation management or suppression tool. Both prescribed fire and suppression fires are the updated versions of several traditional practices. This modern and technical use involves safety items for both fire workers and nearby residents. If we accept that a major move towards solving the fire paradox is using fire wisely, we should work on best job hazard abatement actions. To do so, we will address in this study, two main constraints: (1) the opposition and distrust from both the workers who have to apply these techniques (i.e., firefighters, land managers, policy makers), and residents and others stakeholders who may be affected by smoke or fire; and (2) the fact that European laws (and from other countries too) mandate proper work in safety issues. The first problem to be solved is the lacking of specific regulations regarding fire use (in many countries) in both forestry and labor ruling. Some people do consider this equal to formal exclusion of fire use. On the contrary, we propose to go beyond and apply the general ruling from EEC Directive 81/391. In doing so, we will promote the developing of specific regulations regarding fire use, like there are in other economic activities in both governmental and private sectors.
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Title: D7.4-1 Review report on emissions mitigation through prescribed burning /
Language: English
Description: Forest fires have the potential to feed back to global climate change because of the emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The amount of biomass burning over the past 100 years has increased dramatically and is now recognised as a significant global source of atmospheric emissions. The techniques that are used to reduce the risk of destructive wildfires, such as prescribed burning, also have the potential of mitigating carbon emissions in the context of the Kyoto Protocol. The current study reviews the importance of accounting for emissions from forest fires and shows that prescribed burning can be a means of reducing carbon emissions. However, very limited data are available on European scale to fully explore its potential. The limited studies suggest that significant reductions can be obtained and that prescribed burning can be a viable option for mitigating CO2 emissions in fire prone countries. The present analyses show that the potential reduction attained by such techniques as a percentage of the reduction in emissions required by the Kyoto Protocol varies from country to country. Out of the 33 countries investigated, in only one the requirements of the Kyoto could potentially be achieved by applying prescribed burning, while three other nations showed a potential reduction of 4-8% of the Kyoto requirements. The majority showed a reduction of less than 2%. This implies that prescribed burning can only make a significant contribution in those countries with high fire occurrence. Over a five year period the emissions from wildfires in the European region were estimated to be 11 million tonnes of CO2 per year, while with prescribed burning application this was approximately six million tonnes, a potential reduction of almost 50%. This means that for countries in the Mediterranean region it may be worthwhile to account for the reduction in emissions obtained when such techniques are applied.
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Title: TEST - tim /
Language: English
Description: TEST TEST TEST
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Title: Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) /
Language: English
Description: The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) provides a global portal for wildland fire documentation, information and monitoring and is publicly accessible through the Internet. The regularly updated national to global wildland fire products of the GFMC are generated by a worldwide network of cooperating institutions. The online and offline products include: (1) Early warning of fire danger and near-real time monitoring of fire events, (2) Interpretation, synthesis and archive of global fire information, (3) Support of local, national and international entities to develop long-term strategies or policies for wildland fire management, (4) Serve as advisory body to the UN system through the coordination of the UN-ISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group and the ISDR Global Wildland Fire Network, (5) Emergency hotline and liaison capabilities for providing assistance for rapid assessment and decision support in response to wildland fire emergencies.
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Title: TEST activity report /
Language: English
Description: TEST TEST TEST
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: COST Action FP0701. Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe /
Language: English
Description: Cost Action FP0701, Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe, is a network of researchers and practitioners working in the field of fire ecology and forest management from all around Europe. The action commenced in May 2008 and will continue for four years. The main objective of this Action is to develop and disseminate scientifically-based decision criteria for post-fire management, applicable from stand-level to landscape-level planning. The short-term expected result is to increase the scientific basis for undertaking appropriate post-fire management practices in Southern Europe; the long-term expected result is to improve the effectiveness in restoring burned areas and reduce fire hazard in European forests and landscapes.
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Title: This is a test record FBS. / compiled by TimR
Language: English
Description: The Forest-Based Sector Technology Platform (FTP) aims at defining and implementing a research and development roadmap for the European forest-based sector. The platform is supported in its endeavours by a wide range of stakeholders. The FTP is an industry-driven platform for collaboration in a sector which makes crucial contributions to the sustainable development and competitiveness of Europe.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Las_Mesas /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Mateo, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, plot preparation, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and prevention around structures in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person. Effects of a wildfire in the same area are shown as well.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning_South Africa / Deliverable D9.1-4-1000: Guidelines for prescribed burning for the specific vegetation types assessed within the FIRE PARADOX community
Language: English
Description: In this paper guidelines for prescribed burning inside pine stands are provided for Southern Africa. Where applicable, these guidelines have been extended to Mediterranean countries in Europe, where pine stands are growing under near-similar conditions, in related natural vegetation bases. Photo series, forest floor classifications and fuel classification, including fire behavior, as well as the relative role of cambium damage and tree crown scorch are presented, by species, vegetation base, tree age and tree growth rate (tree size). Recommendations have also been provided how to restrict fire damage to trees under various burning conditions and tree stand characteristics.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Sweden_Kvibille /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Kvibille, Sweden: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was to restore the oak dominated stands (Quercus robur/petrea) as an open forest landscape to induce the occurrence of fire promoted and fire dependent species and to control late successional shade tolerant species. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Haltern /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Haltern am See, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and improvement of Calluna vulgaris habitat. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Drover Heathland /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Cloppenburg, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and regeneration of Calluna vulgaris. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Zschorno /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Zschorno, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession to maintain open habitat structures of Black Grouse, and the creation of fuelbreaks (bufferzones) between pine stands to improve wildfire control. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Lueneburg /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Lueneburg Heath, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary dry calcarious grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Morsum-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Morsum on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlantic Calluna heathlands. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Artenara and San Mateo /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Artenara and San Mateo, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was training and wildfire prevention in a Pine forest with vigorous shrubs. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Fischweier /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Fischweier, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary fresh till wet grassland vegetation and suppression of the establishment of woody plants . A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Bernau /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Bernau, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary high mountain grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Osorio /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Teror, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, plot preparation, prescription, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention, forest dynamics acceleration in a Pine forest and training of the fire service. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Sweden_Stormyran-Lommyran /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Ånge, Sweden: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of Boreal forest, recreation of fire prone stand structure and reintroduction of natural disturbances. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed_burning_demonstration_site_Spain_Sierra Alta /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Lorenzo de Calatrava, Central Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, ignition pattern, site description, effects, and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was fuel load reduction of a pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Video_Presribed Burning_Spain_Cuevas Caballero / Video_Quema Prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: National Interagency Prescribed Fire Training Center (PFTC) / PFTC
Language: English
Description: The PFTC is made up of, and supported by different interagency partners in the US. Its mission is to provide opportunities for federal, state, local, and tribal government agencies and other organizations to build skills and knowledge of prescribed fire, with an emphasis on field experience. It is a program blending maximum field prescribed burning experience with a flexible curriculum of classroom instruction on topics of interest to prescribed fire practitioners. Participants hailing from the US and international agencies receive instruction in fire behavior, firing techniques and high reliability organizing.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Bordelum /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Bordelum and Langenhorn, North Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of continental Calluna heathlands through suppression of succession. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Pico_de_la_Gorra /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Mateo, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention in a Pine forest with vigorous shrubs. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_La_Vileta_2 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Tremp, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description,prescirption, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildland fire prevention and improvement of grazing opportunities. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Portugal_Labruja /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Labruja, NW Portugal: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, effects, and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and understory fuel load reduction in maritime pine plantations. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Mongolia_Tunkel /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Mandal Soum, Tunkhel village in Mongolia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, ignition pattern, site description, effects, and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was fuel load reduction for demonstration in a Pine forest with grass and herbs. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning as a tool for the Mediterranean region - a management approach (FIRE TORCH) / FIRE TORCH
Language: EnglishFrench
Description: The global objective of the FIRE TORCH project was to improve the prescribed burning decision making process, creating the operational basis that will support an extensive use of the technique. The four general objectives were: to identify and analyze the opportunities for prescribed fire development; to model prescribed burning environmental effects and operational know-how; to develop a Decision Support System focusing on the different stages of a burning operation: prescription, execution and evaluation; and to contribute to the technique diffusion and practitioners training. As results a field guide for managers to appraise information necessary to conduct a prescribed burn, and a training and decision support system consisting of integrated software tools were developed. The project ran from 1998 to 2000.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Sierra_Alta_2 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Lorenzo de Calatrava, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was firefighter training and wildfire prevention in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Luetjenholm /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Zschorno, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlantic Calluna heathlands. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Val de Nocedo /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Val de Nocedo, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was to analyse the long-term effects of the use of prescribed burning on tree growth and soil properties in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Coll_de_Banyuls /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Rabós, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, ignition pattern, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and prevention around structures in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Oberstetten /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Oberstetten, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_La_Vileta /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn inTremp, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, ignition pattern, execution, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and improvement of grazing opportunities. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Brueggen-Bracht /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Brueggen-Bracht, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and improvement of Calluna vulgaris habitat. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Cuevas de Caballero /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Artenara, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, ignition pattern, site description, prescription, execution, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was research and wildfire prevention. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Mildstedt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Mildstedt, North Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlantic Calluna heathland.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Ettenheimmuenster /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Ettenheimmuenster, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: EuroFire /
Language: English
Description: EuroFire is an international partnership that has developed a competency based training system for wildfire and prescribed fire management. The outputs of the new European-wide, multi-lingual, on-line training resources include: competency standards, training modules, illustrations and general guidance on a competency based training system. The system incorporates examples of good practices from Europe and around the world. The key target user groups for the EuroFire training materials are: fire-fighters, the rural and land-based sector, industry organisations and education and training institutions. EuroFire was a 2 year project running from 2006 to 2008.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Pico Gorra / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Pico Gorra
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near San Mateo in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was infrastructure protection and fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: Eurasian Fire in Nature Conservation Network (EFNCN) / EFNCN
Language: English
Description: The EFNCN provides a platform and networking mechanism for those who actively apply or conduct research in prescribed burning for the purpose of nature conservation (biodiversity management, habitat management), landscape management and forestry. The region of interest is temperate-boreal Eurasia and the adjoining countries of Southeast Europe, Caucasus, Central and Northeast Asia. A review on the cultural fire history and fire ecology of Central Northern Europe is presented on this site with an extensive list of bibliography as well as a list of EFNCN and related meetings.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Pico Gorra_2 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Pico Gorra_2
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near San Mateo in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was infrastructure protection and fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevos Caballero_2 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevos Caballero_2
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_3 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_3
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_4 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_4
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_5 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_5
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a high intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fire ecology research in Canarian Pine ecosystems.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_6 / Video_Quema prescrita_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_6
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a high intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fire ecology research in Canarian Pine ecosystems.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Argentina_Picat /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Catamarca, Argentina: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, execution and fire effects. The purpose of the treatment was brush control, specifically to prune low branches of shrub plants and small trees in order to facilitate transit and forage availability for livestock.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Porrejon /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn at Monte Porrejon near Jubrique, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, fire behaviour, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was to analyze the long-term effects of the use of prescribed burning on tree growth in a Pine forest.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Dozon /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Dozón, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, fire behaviour, and effects. The main purpose of the treatment was to analyze the effects of the use of different preventive techniques on the reconstruction of the fuel complex, on the fire behavior some years later and on soil properties (physical and chemical) in shrubland.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Vilares de Cima: The opened path, the following dayIncendio di Vilares de Cima. Il giorno seguenteIncêndio de Vilares de Cima. O aceiro no dia seguinteΠυρκαγιά Vilares de Cima: Το ανοιγμένο μονοπάτι την επόμενη ημέρα
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Plot of soil into the forest of Lousã where a prescribed mosaic fire had been realisedParcelle dans la forêt de Lousã où il a été réalisé un brûlage dirigé (de gauche vers le centre de la photo), en mosaïqueParcela en la Floresta de Lousã donde se realizó la quema dirigida (de izquierda hacia el centro de la fotografía) a mosaico Parcella nella Foresta di Lousã dove stato realizzato il fuoco controllato ( da sinistra verso il centro dell’immagine) a mosaico Parcela na Serra da Lousã onde se realizou fogo controlado (da esquerda para o centro da imagem) em mosaico
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: After the recognition, GAUF element identifies the critical points and the acting opportunities next to the command centre.Après la reconnaissance, un technicien GAUF identifie les points critiques et les opportunités d’intervention, près du poste de commandement.Dopo il riconoscimento una squadra GAUF identifica i punti critici e le opportunità di intervento, vicino al posto di commando.Depois do reconhecimento, elemento GAUF identifica os pontos críticos e as oportunidades de actuação, junto ao posto de comando.Μετά από την αναγνώριση, ένα μέλος GAUF προσδιορίζει τα κρίσιμα σημεία και τις ευκαιρίες για αντικατάσταση, δίπλα στο κέντρο διοίκησης.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Prescribed fire plots in São Pedro do Sul Parcelle de brulage dirigé à São Pedro do Sul Parcela de quema dirigida a São Pedro do Sul Parcella di fuoco controllato a São Pedro do Sul Parcela de fogo controlado em São Pedro do Sul
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S04 /
Language: en
Description: Rear of the wildfire.Arrière de l'incendie. Retroguardia dell’incendio. Retaguarda do incêndio. Όπίσθιο τμήμα της πυρκαγιάς.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Propagation in the head of the wildfire.Propagation sur la tête de l’incendie.Propagación en la cabeza del incendio.Propagazione della testa dell’incendio.Propagação na cabeça do incêndio.Διάδοση του μετώπου της πυρκαγιάς.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Vilares de Cima, district of Castelo Branco, September 12th of 2008. Complex situation at GAUF Team arrivalIncendio di Vilares de Cima, nel distretto di Castelo Branco, 12 Settembre 2008. Situazione complessa all’arrivo delle squadre GAUFIncêndio de Vilares de Cima, distrito de Castelo Branco, 12 de Setembro de 2008. Situação complexa à chegada das equipas GAUFΠυρκαγιά Vilares de Cima,στην περιοχή Castelo Branco, 12 Σεπτεμβρίου 2008. Περίπλοκη κατάσταση κατά την άφιξη ομάδας GAUF
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Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
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TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats, DataSource]
Publisher:
Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Caminha, district of Viana do Castelo, October, 05th of 2008: Upslope fire propagationIncendio di Caminha, distretto di Viana do Castelo, 5 ottobre 2008. Incendio con propagazione a favore del pendioIncêndio de Caminha, distrito de Viana do Castelo, 05 de Outubro de 2008: Incêndio com propagação a favor do declive
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Caminha wildfire: Spot fire ignition with the flames propagation moving into a headfire, upslopeIncendio di Caminha. Ignizione per punti, con propagazione delle fiamme in direzione di una delle teste dell’incendio, che si dislocano a favore del pendioIncêndio de Caminha: Ignição por pontos, com propagação das chamas em direcção a uma das cabeças do incêndio, deslocando-se a favor do declive
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Publisher:
Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire front propagation in a marine pine natural regeneration, 2 minutes after the manoeuvre beginning. Caminha wildfirePropagazione del fronte su una rigenerazione naturale di pino marittimo, due minuti dopo l’inizio della manovra. Incendio di CaminhaPropagação da frente em regeneração natural de pinheiro bravo, 2 minutos após o início da manobra. Incêndio de Caminha
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Vilares de Cima wildfire map with the dispatched resources in the Incident Commander postMappa del perimetro dell’incendio di Vilares de Cima con distribuzione dei mezzi, collocata nella postazione di comandoMapa do perímetro do incêndio de Vilares de Cima com repartição dos meios, no posto de comando.Χάρτης πυρκαγιών στη Vilares de Cima με τους αποσταλμένους πόρους στο διοικητήριο
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: A fire jump that arrives to the valleyUne saute de feu qui s’active dans la valléeEl salto de fuego que llega hasta la valle Un salto del fuoco si proietta nella valle Um salto de fogo projecta-se no vale
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Arrival of the GAUF team to the wildfire of OurémArrivée de l'équipe GAUF à l'incendie d'OurémArrivo della squadra GAUF all’incendio di OurémChegada da equipa GAUF ao incêndio de OurémΆφιξη της ομάδας GAUF στην πυρκαγιά στο Ourém
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: Fire during the first day Incendie pendant le premier jourIncendio durante el primer día Incendio il primo giorno Incêndio no primeiro dia
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TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
Date:
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats, DataSource]
Publisher:
Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: Fire in Sardoal on the 20th of August 2007Incendie à Sardoal le 20 Août 2007Incendio a Sardoal el 20 de agosto de 2007Incendio a Sardoal il 20 Agosto 2007Incêndio do Sardoal, no dia 20 de Agosto de 2007
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Title: PiroPinus version 2.0 /
Language: English
Description: PiroPinus is a prescribed burning guide for maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) stands in the form of a spreadsheet, conceived for operational use in the planning and evaluation of hazard reduction burns in natural fuels, i.e. slash from pruning or thinning is not present. It can also be used as a research tool for fire modelling purposes. Potential users are urged to try the guide in other medium- to long-needled pines (P. pinea, P. canariensis, P. radiata, P. nigra, P. halepensis), especially when the understorey is composed of Mediterranean-type species. PiroPinus is a all-in-one user-friendly tool that integrates models based on observed, real-world, fire behaviour and effects. Unlike other available tools, PiroPinus has the ability to: 1. Reflect local stand and fuel conditions in the output; 2. Assess the likelihood of sustained fire spread and quantify marginal burning conditions. Fire modelling systems using properly developed custom fuel models can be used to obtain accurate estimates of fire behaviour. However, such systems perform poorly at the high-end of the moisture content range and are not able to produce site-specific estimates. PiroPinus is composed of several interrelated or stand-alone worksheets for distinct objectives: (1) FUEL. Data entry of basic fuel and stand descriptors to assess fuel load and fire behaviour and effects; (2) RX WIN. Prescription window (general burning conditions); (3) RX DEV. Prescription development, the definition of burning conditions to avoid undesired fire impacts on trees and the forest floor; (4) MOIST. Fuel moisture content, to estimate the moisture contents of surface fine dead fuels and decomposing litter; (5) FIRE. Ignition and fire behaviour, to assess the likelihood of fire spread and quantify fire characteristics; (6) IGN PLAN. Assessment and optimization of area treatment rate; (7) TREES. Fire impact on trees, to assess canopy damage and mortality; (8) FUEL DYN. Fuel dynamics, to estimate fuel consumption and post-burn accumulation; (9) POST-FIRE. Post-burn assessment of fire behaviour and effects; (10) WEATH. Wind speed estimation and Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (for regional planning).
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: 3 minutes after lit the fire, perpendicularly to the dominant wind. Caminha wildfireTre minuti dopo l’accensione, perpendicolarmente al vento dominante. Incendio di Caminha3 minutos após a ignição, perpendicularmente ao vento dominante. Incêndio de Caminha
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: One element of the command identifies the location with high potential for reignition due to a ground fire.Un officier identifie un endroit avec un haut potentiel de reprise en raison d'un feu souterrain. Un elemento del commando identifica la locazione di un potenziale riaccendimento dovuto ad un fuoco sotteraneo. Um elemento do comando identifica local com elevado potencial de reacendimento devido a um fogo subterrâneo. Ένα μέλος από την διοίκηση προσδιορίζει την θέση με υψηλή δυνατότητα για αναζωπύρωση λόγω επίγειας πυρκαγιάς.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Ourém: propagation of a fingerOurém: propagation de doitOurém: propagazione di un ditoOurém: propagação de dedoOurém: διάδοση της πυρκαγιάς
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Head fire extinguished itself when it reached the bottom of the valleyEstinzione naturale della testa dell’incendio a fondovalle. Incendio di VerdelhosExtinção natural da cabeça do incêndio no fundo do vale em Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Propagation in the head with high intensity, moments before the suppression fire operation.Propagation sur la tête avec une intensité élevée, avant l’allumage d’un contre-feu.Propagación en la cabeza con una elevada intensidad, antes del encendido de un contrafuego.Propagazione della testa con un’alta intensità, prima della manovra di contro- fuoco.Propagação na cabeça com elevada intensidade, momentos antes da manobra de contra-fogo.Διάδοση στο μέτωπο με υψηλή ένταση, στιγμές πριν από τον ελιγμό της πυρκαγιάς καταστολής.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Verdelhos: Left flank of the wildfireVerdelhos: fianco sinistro dell’incendioVerdelhos : Flanco esquerdo do incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Propagation in the left flank with low intensity. Propagation sur le flanc gauche avec une faible intensité.Propagación sobre el flanco izquierdo con una baja intensidad.Propagazione del fianco sinistro con un’intensità molto debole.Propagação no flanco esquerdo com baixa intensidade.Διάδοση στο αριστερό πλευρό με χαμηλή ένταση.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Assessment of the wildfire situation, in the intermediate section of the left flank.Evaluation de la situation de l’incendie, sur le secteur intermédiaire du flanc gauche.Evaluación de la situación del incendio, sobre el sector intermedio del lado izquierdo.Considerazioni relative all’incendio, nella sezione intermedia del fianco sinistro.Avaliação da situação do incêndio, na secção intermédia do flanco esquerdo. Αξιολόγηση της κατάστασης της πυρκαγιάς, στο ενδιάμεσο τμήμα της αριστερής πλευράς.
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Title: PB Mapper (User's manual) / Multicriteria GIS tool to plan prescribed burning (User's manual)
Language: English
Description: PB Mapper is a software application, which is going to provide a fast location of potential prescribed burning treatments in a geographic area, using multiple criteria as input. Criteria may be fuel models, topography, location of roads, location of settlements, location of protected areas etc. Further, the tool will allow for an assessment of the effectiveness of the proposed prescribed burning treatments on the reduction of fire hazard in the analysis area. Fire hazard is estimated through the calculation of fireline intensity (Byram, 1959) before and after the implementation of the proposed PB treatments. Finally, PB Mapper will provide database functionality for the recording of actual prescribed burning treatments information.After a PB action is implemented, information concerning the location, vegetation, weather, costs and impacts of the action can be recorded in a database.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-1_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-3_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Aude_France /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Aude, France, including meteorology, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Fontaubella_Spain /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in La Torre de Fontaubella, Spain, including meteorology, timing, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Ogern_Spain /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Orgern, Spain, including meteorology, timing, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Northumberland_UK /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Northumberland, United Kingdom, including a description of the scenario, meteorological conditions, map of fire behaviour and photos illustrating the highlights. The target was to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-2_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: Arrival of the head of the wildfire in SardoalArrivée de la tête de l’incendie de SardoalLlegada de la cabeza del incendio de Sardoal Arrivo della testa dell’incendio di Sardoal Chegada da cabeça do incêndio do Sardoal
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Caminha: Backwind fire propagationCaminha: propagazione dell’incendio con vento contrarioCaminha: Propagação do incêndio a contravento
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Mestre Gama and Giuseppe Delogu in a prescribed fire plot in São Pedro do Sul Maître Gama et Giuseppe Delogu dans une parcelle de brûlage dirigé a São Pedro do Sul El Mestre Gama y Giuseppe Delogu en una parcela de quema dirigida a São Pedro d Sul Il Mestre Gama e Giuseppe Delogu in una parcella di fuoco controllato a São Pedro do Sul Mestre Gama e Giuseppe Delogu numa parecela de fogo controlado em São Pedro do Sul
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Title: D3.1-2a Review of knowledge gaps and proposal for fuel data collection and test runs /
Language: English
Description: A review of the different aspects of fuel moisture research was conducted. The following knowledge (research) gaps can be identified: (a) The horizontal spatial variability of dead fuel moisture in relation to vegetation (e.g., stand structure, crown closure, stem density, litter and duff depth, etc.) and topographic characteristics (aspect, slope, soil depth and type, etc.) needs to be measured and modelled in the field. (b) The temporal (diurnal and seasonal) variation in dead and live fuel moisture content as related to changes in meteorological parameters (air relative humidity and temperature, insolation and cloudiness, wind speed and duration, etc) needs to be measured in the field for all the dominant Mediterranean fuel types at the species level, to the extent possible. For fire-stricken geographical regions of the Mediterranean Basin, extensive data bases of seasonal fuel moisture data per species or fuel type must be created and, subsequently, converted through statistical analysis to empirical models of fuel moisture prediction, refined for every species or fuel complex. (c) Equilibrium moisture content (EMC) sorption (adsorption and desorption) curves of dead fuels as a function of air relative humidity and temperature need to be created for the fuels of all the dominant species. (d) The fuel moisture timelag (TL) concept needs to be reassessed and measured in dead fuels from different species in relation to the fuel moisture sorption phase (adsorption or desorption), in order to account for the moisture hysteretic effects of dead fuels during the wetting or drying process. (e) A physical model that predicts canopy (crown) live fuel moisture content variations in terms of stand and tree phenological and physiological characteristics and soil water balance has to be formulated. (f) A comparison between actual measurements of dead fuel moisture with the moisture content of fuel analogues (i.e., fuel moisture sticks) is necessary in order to validate the precision of the analogues in fuel moisture assessment. (g) The relationship between dead and live fuel moisture and drought (prolonged period of high temperatures and low air and soil humidity) needs to be further investigated, and in particular, the response of shrub and tree species moisture content to drought. The use of the newly formed SPI (Standard Precipitation Index) drought index might be useful in the correlation with fuel moisture, in addition to the traditionally used KBDI and Palmer indexes. In view of the expected global warming and climatic change, this research aspect of fuel moisture could be very significant in the future. (h) The moisture of extinction (ME) of dead and live fuels must be measured in the field (in situ) with a long series of ignition experiments in different fuel types and, subsequently, correlated with the existing fuel moisture content and meteorological parameters in the field, into regression and probabilistic models. ME values of the most significant Mediterranean fuel types must be measured in the laboratory and in the field. (i) The condensation (water vapour that originates from the atmosphere in the form of dew on the surface of dead fuels) and the latent heat of vaporisation of free water from the fuel particle surface are two terms that are currently neglected and must be taken into account in future physical models of dead fuel moisture content. (j) The optimal temporal (time) step for monitoring vegetation moisture content (greenness) via satellite imagery needs to be determined in dead and live Mediterranean fuel complexes.
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Title: D3.1-4 Fire occurrence: relationships with fuel moisture content and remotely-sensed plant phenology data: First results /
Language: English
Description: Sardinia is one of the most fire-prone regions of Italy. The high incidence of fires in Sardinia constitutes a problem in terms of damages and resources management, consequently, for provisional and operational planning, it’s very important to know the wildfire regime characteristics and their linkage with the determinant factors. The study of the relationship between the spatio-temporal distribution characteristics of wildfires and the remote-sensed symphenological variables highlighted the role of temporal NDVI signal as a reliable tool for analyzing ecological processes, going beyond the biophysical significance of single-date NDVI values as proxies to photsyntetic activity. The results obtained show that the simultaneous ordering of symphenological variables and fire regime characteristics, based on the spatial distribution of PNV, is consistent with a climatic control that acts on both phenomena. In an evolving landscape, knowing that the wildfires regime is strictly determined by potential natural vegetation phenology can be helpful for monitoring and predicting fires behaviour under changing climatic scenario. Finally, by providing a phytogeographical framework for characterizing fires, the PNV map can be considered a valuable tool for applying research results to fire management policies, since it takes properly into account the underlying determinant factors.
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Title: D3.1-5 Probability of ignition modelling in forest fuels – First results /
Language: English
Description: Following a similar approach to previous research, and aiming to cover gaps in the literature on ignition, especially in regard to Mediterranean conditions, the present study focuses on the following: (1) To evaluate the threshold of fuel moisture content that allows a fire to start. A range of fuel types (pine needles, grass and Quercus coccifera leaves) are examined, as are different ignition sources (kitchen matches, cigarettes, machinery sparks and electrical discharge), with the presence/absence of wind in order to determine the probability of ignition of selected natural dead fuels (MAICh); and (2) To measure the probability of ignition of annual live herbaceous fuels, at various moisture contents, in the field (AUTh). Fuel moisture content (FMC) is used as the main predictor variable throughout these experiments because it has a major effect on fuel ignitability, is easily altered and can be accurately measured. Only the first results of the study are presented within this deliverable: (1) Probability of ignition of pine needles (Pinus halepensis) with kitchen matches and cigarettes as ignition sources conducted in the wind tunnel of MAICh. (2) Probability of ignition of grass (Hyparrhenia hirta) with kitchen matches as an ignition source conducted in the wind tunnel of MAICh. (3) Some preliminary test of pine needles with machinery sparks as well as grass with cigarettes conducted in the wind tunnel of MAICh. (4) Fuel moisture extinction in live annual herbaceous plants (Avena barbata) in the field (AUTh). The final results will be presented within deliverable D 3.1-10 due in month 46 of the project.
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Title: D3.1-10 Fire occurence: relationships with fuel moisture content and remotely-sensed plant phenology data: final results (merged with D3.1-9) /
Language: English
Description: Fire is a basic ecological factor that contributes to determine vegetation diversity and dynamics in time and space. Fuel characteristics play an essential role in fire ignition and propagation; at the landscape scale fuel availability and flammability are closely related to the vegetation phenology that directly affects wildfire pattern in time and space. In this view, the annual NDVI profiles derived from high temporal resolution satellites, like SPOT Vegetation, represent an effective tool for monitoring the coarse-scale vegetation seasonal timing. The objective of this study thus consists in quantifying the explanatory power of multitemporal NDVI profiles on the fire regime characteristics of the potential natural vegetation (PNV) types of Sardinia (Italy) over a five-year period (2000-2004). The results obtained show a good association between the NDVI temporal dynamics of the PNV of Sardinia and the corresponding fire regime characteristics, emphasizing the role of the bioclimatic timing of the vegetation in controlling the coarse-scale wildfire spatio-temporal distribution of Sardinia. By providing a sound phytogeographical framework for describing different wildfire regimes, PNV maps can thus be considered helpful cartographic documents for fire management strategies at the landscape scale.
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Title: Deliverable D3.1-12 Empirical modelling of fuel flammability and initial fuel propagation, including determination of fuel moisture threshold for fire ignition /
Language: English
Description: This report sums up the fuel flammability experiments (WP 3.1) dedicated to the determination of the thresholds of fuel moisture for fire ignition, and to the assessment of the ignition probability for different dead (i.e. litter) forest fuels in Greece, Spain, Argentina, and France. The probability of ignition has been modelled in for forest fuels through laboratory fires (Cemagref, INIA-CIFOR, MAICh, AUTH and CIEFAP), using different sources of ignitions and different environmental conditions (i.e. nul wind versus windy conditions). The sources of ignition were glowing, flaming, or sparks. The wind was controlled and set as nul or strong. Fuels were chosen as representative of the main natural (e.g. dead leaves and litter duff) and modified (e.g. pine plantations, residuals of fuel treatments) ecosystems of each country. As the main factor controlling ignition, fuel moisture content (FMC) was controlled experimentally along a wide range (generally 5 to more than 50%). The main findings are: (i) the importance of the combination of the source of ignition, the wind speed and the fuel type to assess the ignition. It has been proved that ignition can vary strongly according to this ‘triangle’, with some sources of ignition being especially efficient for some fuel types, and the complex influence of wind that may increase or decrease the ignition success; (ii) the establishment of community- or species-specific logistic models of ignition versus FMC (see Figure below); (iii) the subsequent determination of fuel moisture of extinction for most fuels studied.
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Title: D3.3-1 Review of data structures for fuel database and protocols for fuel description /
Language: English
Description: Our overall goal in this work package can be defined as follows: “the systematic collection, storage and processing of knowledge on fuels for different users, with different needs, at different scales in order to assess the fuel complex and its fire potential from combustion to the landscape level”. We intend to: (1) collect, store and process existing knowledge on: (i) fuel acquisition protocols / fuel sampling methods; (ii) resulting fuel data categories & fuel models; (iii) allocation of fuel data categories & models to different fire behaviour & fire models at different scales. (2) generate, collect, store and process new knowledge on: (i) which fuel data protocol /fuel sampling method for which purpose at which scale? (ii) user needs: which user needs what at which scale, why & when/how often? This can be achieved by developing a knowledge platform with a single, on-line point of access. This will allow fire ecologists, modellers and managers (and eventually the general public) to access information on definitions, techniques for monitoring fuels, key fuel descriptors with regards to fire behaviour and impact and existing fuel models (Table 1). The system will help to harmonize fire control planning and experimental fire procedures across Europe, where many different approaches are in use (see EUFIRELAB report: UNIT2: D-01-02-01/06 http://www.eufirelab.org/). The system should provide a ‘Clearing House’ for data and information relating to fuel. This may be partly through the collection and storage of data in a single integrated system, and partly through the collection of metadata about information that will be stored elsewhere. We also propose to develop a wiki or bliki to which the fire community can contribute.
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Title: D4.1-1a Spatial and temporal statistics on wildfire regimes across Europe /
Language: English
Description: An assessment was made of the spatial and temporal distribution of fires in different areas in Italy, Switzerland, Greece and Portugal. In this first stage of analysis on fire selectivity, we focused solely on fire ignitions without taking into account the corresponding burned areas. The development of appropriate statistical methods for computing the strength of association between the burned area of wildfires and land cover classes on a coarse-scale basis will be the subject of additional work. The analyzed data sets are composed of: (i) 13377 fire records in Sardinia (Italy) during the period 2000-2004, (ii) 1331 fire records in the Cantons of Ticino, Graubuenden and Uri (Switzerland) during the period 1982-2005, (iii) 250 fire records in the Chalkidiki Peninsula (Macedonia, Greece) during the period 1985-1997, and (iv) 3023 fire records in the Coimbra Region (Portugal).
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Title: 4.1-2b-39 Publication on the fire proneness of different land use classes in selected European study areas /
Language: English
Description: This study investigated the fire proneness of different land use classes with specific reference to a case study for the whole of Portugal, and then investigated the relationships between ignitions and land cover for three selected European study areas: (1) Sardinia, Italy; (2) Coimbra District, Portugal; (3) Cantons of Ticino, Graubuenden and Uri, Switzerland.
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Title: D5.3-1 Report on the effects of broad scale and long-term application of prescribed burning on fire risk components /
Language: English
Description: Effect of prescribed burning on the mitigation of fire risk was discussed in fire prone ecosystems of three European countries (Greece, France and Portugal). Two study cases were presented using two different fire modelling approaches, the spatial fire growth model FARSITE and FIRETEC a physically based fire propagation model. This study showed that fuel management with prescribed burning had a significant effect on fire propagation hazard. It needs to be completed with further studies on prescribed burning effects on the other fire risk components such as ignition likelihood or vulnerability (fire effects on trees). First results also showed the need of optimizing the spatial pattern of fire application both when applied extensively on the landscape, and when located on a fuel break network. The first study case concerned a conifer forest located in Kassandra peninsula in northern Greece, which has been affected by a 7120 ha wildfire in August 2006. Prescribed burning effectiveness was assessed by using the FARSITE simulator for comparing fire spread over the landscape before and after prescribed burning application on a network of stripe-shaped fuel-breaks. Analysis showed a significant reduction of fire potential (fireline intensity, flame length and total burned area) as a result of fuel treatments. The second study case concerned a shrubland and woodland mosaic in limestone Provence, France, where prescribed burning has been used as a fuel reduction tool for more than 15 years The effectiveness of prescribed burning was assessed by comparing fire potential (rate of spread, fireline intensity) before and in the years following prescribed burning treatments. Analysis carried out at the stand scale gave valuable information on the immediate potential fire hazard reduction after prescribed burning. In order to estimate the appropriate prescribed burning return interval, two management scenarios were used (i) a fire intensity threshold compatible with efficient and safe fire fighting or (ii) a shrub encroachment threshold easy to assess by forest managers. In both cases, the prescribed burning return interval varied from 2 to 3 years, depending on fuel types. When applying prescribed burning on a 15 years period, fire risk mapping on the whole State forest showed a higher fire risk reduction when using the fire intensity threshold than a fuel encroachment threshold. A third study case in the Portuguese mainland tested an important assumption of the fire paradox: does fuel age have an influence on burn probability and wildfire size? Fire frequency analysis of mapped fire perimeters ≥10 ha (1998-2008) indicated that fire occurrence was weakly to moderately dependent of fuel age. However, contrarily to the usual expectation, age-dependency did not decrease for larger fire size classes (i.e with increasingly extreme fire weather). Finally, we explored the variation in fire size statistics with fuel age. Older fuels (roughly >8 years after burning) were associated to more variable fire sizes, allowing much larger wildfires. From the results we infer that landscapes submitted to a mean prescribed fire return interval of 4 years will not support wildfires larger than 500 ha. However, adequate spatial planning of the treatments is expected to reduce the annual treatment rate. This deliverable contributes to solving the Fire Paradox because it clearly shows how fuel modification can decrease wildfire hazard and severity which is the first specific objective to be addressed in Integrated Wildland Fire Management. The state of the art chapter has shown that several fuel modification techniques, such as mechanical treatments, are available and used in Europe, but it has also demonstrated that prescribed burning although being increasingly used in some countries, still has to be strongly supported with the objective of the wisest complementarities between fuel treatments. Also, prescribed burning is the approach based on the paradox of fire, reducing fuels strategically before they can be used by wildfires, thus decreasing wildfire risk and severity.
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Title: D8.2-1 Requirements concerning aerial observation /
Language: English
Description: This document about the aerial observation is a synthesis of needs, technical possibilities and constraints.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Global view of Vilares de Cima wildfireVisione globale dell’incendio di Vilares de CimaVisão global no local do incêndio de Vilares de CimaΣφαιρική άποψη των πυρκαγιών στηVilares de Cima
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Canadair discharge to reduce the spread velocity of the wildfire.Largage par le Canadair pour réduire la vitesse de propagation de l’incendie.Descarga por el Canadair para reducir la velocidad de propagación del incendio. Scarica del Canadair per ridurre la velocità di propagazione dell’incendio.Descarga do Canadair para reduzir a velocidade de propagação do incêndio. Aδιασμα Canadair για να μειώσει την ταχύτητα διάδοσης της πυρκαγιάς. .
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Title: D2.1-4 Measurements of thermal degradation, ignition and combustion on representative Boreal and Mediterranean fuels /
Language: English
Description: The work presented in this report is a part of the research effort done to improve the knowledge on the thermal degradation of forest fuels. The understanding of these processses is of vital importance for the development of physical fire behaviour models . Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) are thermal analysis techniques that provide information on the thermal behaviour of different fuel samples and these data may facilitate the better understanding of the mechanisms of ignitability and combustibility of forest fuels with different chemical composition. The thermal degradation of 10 forest species common in the Mediterranean region has been compared using TGA and DSC techniques. Almost all the tested species demonstrated similar pyrolitic behaviour, except Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Heat Release Rate (HRR) of a fuel is among the most important parameters for understanding combustion process, fire characteristics and propagation rates. It serves to define parameters such as flame geometry and temperature fields. In a previous work, different partners with different bench-scale equipments to measure HRR curves as well as concentrations of the different gaseous by-products of the fuel combustion put in common their expertise testing common samples. This common work and conclusions about experimental conditions to test forest fuel in bench-scale calorimeters was presented in a previous document (deliverable "D2.1-1 Methods for the experimental study combustion adapted to forest fuels and recommendations for modelling"). In this report some result obtained by a Mass Loss Calorimeter with an open-path FTIR spectroscopic system in Pinus pinea and Cistus laurifolius are presented to study the influence on the HRR, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide curves of parameters like the fuel moisture content or the bulk density of the tested sample. Besides, a Flame Propagation Apparatus has been used to apply oxygen consumption calorimetry for HRR and a FTIR has been used to measure gas concentrations of combustion products in smoke. Results on several pine needles (analyzing flow and species influences) and boreal moss are presented. A Flame Propagation Apparatus (FPA) joined to a FTIR gas analyzer is used to continue previous studioes on pine needles in order to better understand the different regimes for the combustion dynamics of forest fuels. Also Boreal moss has been tested as a new fuel common in Northern Europe. The aim was to investigate the possible differences in behaviour between this fuel and pine needles.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Manoeuvre with fire supported by a fireline made by hand tools in the left flank of Verdelhos wildfireUso del fuoco con appoggio di una fascia eseguita con l’uso di utensili manuali, sul fianco sinistro dell’incendio di VerdelhosUso do fogo com apoio de uma faixa executada com ferramentas manuais, no flanco esquerdo do incêndio de Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Secondary outbreak to 500 meters of the head of the wildfire of OurémFoyer secondaire de feu à 500 mètres de la tête de l'incendie d'OurémFuoco secondario a 500 metri dalla testa dell’incendio di OurémFoco secundário a 500 metros da cabeça do incêndio de OurémΔεύτερο ξέσπασμα, 500 μέτρα από το μέτωπο της πυρκαγιάς στο Ourém
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: GAUF team that supported the fight against the wildfire of OurémEquipe GAUF donne support au combat de l'incendie d'OurémSquadra GAUF che ha appoggiato il combattimento a OurémEquipa GAUF que apoiou o combate ao incêndio de OurémΟμάδα GAUF που υποστήριξε την μάχη ενάντια στην πυρκαγιά στο Ourém
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Improving the accessibility in the paths.Amélioration de l’accessibilité des chemins.Miglioramento dell’accessibilità nei sentieri.Melhoria da acessibilidade nos caminhos.Βελτίωση της δυνατότητας πρόσβασης στα μονοπάτια.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Vilares de Cima: GAUF Team element looking for the best route to open an access, marking it with tapeIncendio di Vilares de Cima.Un membro dei GAUF esplora il percorso di apertura di un accesso, delimitandolo con un nastroIncêndio de Vilares de Cima: Elemento GAUF explora o percurso da abertura de um acesso, marcando o mesmo com fitasΠυρκαγιά Vilares de Cima: Μέλος ομάδας GAUF ψάχνει την καλύτερη διαδρομή για να ανοίξει ένα σημειο πρόσβασης , μαρκάροντας το με ταινία
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Right flank in the superior part of the image.Flanc droit dans la partie supérieure de l'image.Fianco destro nella parte superiore dell’immagine.Flanco direito na parte superior da imagem.Δεξί πλευρό στο ανώτερο μέρος της εικόνας.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Góis: beginning of a reignition near to the right flank and to the Ribeira de Adela e Açôr. Début d'une reprise près du flanc droit et de Ribeira de Adela e Açôr. Inizio di una ripresa dell’incendio vicino al fianco destro e a Ribeira de Adela e Açôr. Início de um reacendimento junto ao flanco direito e à Ribeira de Adela e Açôr. Αρχή της αναζωπύρωσης κοντά στο δεξί άκρο και στη Ribeira de Adela e Açôr.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Start of a new spot fire, two minutes after the first one, ahead of the new head fire extension in Vilares de Cima WildfireDue minuti dopo il primo salto, se ne crea un altro di fronte alla nuova estensione della testa del fuoco. Incendio di Vilares de CimaDois minutos após o primeiro salto surge um novo salto à frente da nova extensão da cabeça no incêndio de Vilares de CimaΈναρξη μιας νέας σποραδικής πυρκαγιάς, δύο λεπτά μετά την πρώτη, μπροστά από την νέα προέκταση της φωτιάς στις πυρκαγιές στη Vilares de Cima
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Ribeira de Pena: Firefighter going on with the fire manoeuvreRibeira de Pena: pompiere impegnato nella continuazione della manovraRibeira de Pena: Bombeiro na continuação da manobra
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Head of Verdelhos wildfire the following day after extinctionTesta dell’incendio di Verdelhos un giorno dopo lo spegnimento del fuocoCabeça do incêndio de Verdelhos um dia após extinção
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Left flank in pine plantation, with erratic wind and turbulence in Verdelhos WildfireFianco sinistro caratterizzato da un popolamento di pini, con turbolenza e venti irregolari, a VerdelhosFlanco esquerdo em povoamento de pinheiros, com turbulência e ventos irregulares, em Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire running upslope in the left flank of Verdelhos wildfirePropagazione a favore del pendio, sul fianco sinistro dell’incendio di VerdelhosPropagação a favor do declive, no flanco esquerdo do incêndio de Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abandoned house burning down, just beside an inhabited house in Verdelhos wildfireCasa lasciata in balia delle fiamme, vicino ad una casa ancora abitata, durante l’incendio di VerdelhosCasa abandonada a arder ao lado de uma casa ainda habitada no incêndio de Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Caminha wildfire: 2 minutes after fire ignition, the propagation dynamic is continuousIncendio di Caminha. Due minuti dopo l’accensione, la dinamica della propagazione è continuaIncêndio de Caminha : 2 minutos após a ignição, a dinâmica de propagação é contínua
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: Two secondary fires Deux sautes de feuDos fuegos secundarios Due fuochi secondari Dois fogos secundários
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fireline opened by Canarinhos during a down slope tactic fire manoeuvre in Verdelhos wildfireApertura della fascia da parte della squadra delle Canarie in una manovra con utilizzo del fuoco in contropendenza. Incendio di VerdelhosAbertura de faixa pelos Canarinhos em manobra de uso do fogo contra o declive no incêndio de Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Fire use manoeuvre, wildfire of Aljezur, Faro district.Manœuvre d’utilisation du feu, incendie de Aljezur, dans le district de Faro.Maniobra de utilización del fuego, incendio de Aljezur, en el distrito de Farro.Uso del fuoco, incendio di Aljezur, nel distretto di Faro.Manobra de uso do fogo, incêndio de Aljezur, distrito de Faro. Ελιγμός πυρκαγιάς, σε φωτιά στο Aljezur, στην περιοχή Faro.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S04 /
Language: en
Description: Propagation in the head.Propagation de la tête.Propagazione nella testa.Propagação na cabeça.Διάδοση στο μέτωπο.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Verdelhos: After a surface fire under the canopy of a pruned and cleaned pine plantationVerdelhos: passaggio dell’incendio sotto le chiome in un popolamento di pino sramato e decespugliatoVerdelhos : Passagem do incêndio por baixo das copas em povoamento de pinheiro desramado e desmatado
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Positioning a bulldozer in the right route to open an access for the fire trucks reach a difficult access hotspot, in Vilares de Cima WildfireOrientamento di un Bulldozer verso l’apertura di un accesso destinato ai mezzi impiegati per la lotta all’incendio di Vilares de CimaOrientação de um Bulldozer na abertura de um acesso para os meios de combate no incêndio de Vilares de CimaΤοποθετώντας έναν εκσακαφέα στη διαδρομή ώστα να ανοίξει δρόμο προσβάσιμο για τα πυροσβεστικά οχήματα και να φτάσει σε μία δύσκολη δυναμική ζώνη, στις πυρκαγιές στη Vilares de Cima
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: Fire in Sardoal on the 20th of August 2007Incendie à Sardoal le 20 Août 2007Incendio a Sardoal el 20 de agosto de 2007Incendio a Sardoal il 20 Agosto 2007Incêndio do Sardoal, no dia 20 de Agosto de 2007
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S006 /
Language: en
Description: Fire starting point in Tomar Point de départ de l’incendie de TomarInicio del incendio de Tomar Punto d’inizio dell’incendio di Tomar Ponto de início do incêndio de Tomar
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Right flank in an abandoned agricultural terraceFianco destro di una zona di antiche colture a terrazzo (mosaico vegetale). VerdelhosFlanco direito em zona de antigas culturas em terraços, Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Consolidation of the final perimeter with the use of fire in Verdelhos wildfireConsolidamento del perimetro finale dell’incendio di Verdelhos con uso del fuocoConsolidação do perímetro final do incêndio de Verdelhos com uso de fogo
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: In the first plan, a secondary upslope fire head propagation. In the second plan a fire manoeuvre. In the left side, the distance between the wildfire and the fire manoeuvre is increasing substantially, increasing the pine stand burned area as well. Ribeira de Pena wildfireIn primo piano, una piccola testa secondaria con propagazione a favore del pendio. In secondo piano, manovra con uso del fuoco. Sulla sinistra, la distanza tra l’incendio e la manovra aumenta in maniera significativa: ciò provoca l’aumento della superficie del popolamento che deve essere bruciata. Incendio di Ribeira de PenaEm primeiro plano, uma pequena cabeça secundária com propagação a favor do declive. Em segundo plano a manobra com fogo. À esquerda a distância entre o incêndio e a manobra aumenta de maneira significativa, o que faz aumentar a superfície do povoamento que vai ser queimada. Incêndio de Ribeira de Pena
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S04 /
Language: en
Description: Head of the wildfire. Tête de l'incendie. Testa dell’incendio. Cabeça do incêndio. Mέτωπο της πυρκαγιάς.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Verdelhos: Canarinhos special firefighters team supporting and doing the surveillance during a tactical fire manoeuvreVerdelhos: squadra di pompieri provenienti dalle Canarie con funzione di appoggio e vigilanza durante la manovra effettuata con uso del fuocoVerdelhos : Equipa de Bombeiros Canarinhos em apoio e vigilância durante a manobra de uso do fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S006 /
Language: en
Description: Tomar fireIncendie de TomarIncendio de TomarIncendio di TomarIncêndio de Tomar
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Spot fire development, moving to the opposite direction of the head fire by the convection column sucker effect, generating a back wind. Two more spot fires on the lower side of the fire front. Wildfire of Vilares de Cimacolonna convettiva: generazione di un controvento. Sono visibili altri due salti nella parte inferiore del fronte. Incendio di Vilares de CimaDesenvolvimento do salto na direcção oposta à direcção da cabeça por efeito da aspiração da coluna de convecção, gerando um contravento. São visíveis mais dois saltos na parte inferior da frente. Incêndio de Vilares de cimaΑνάπτυξη σποραδικής πυρκαγιάς, που κινείται προς την αντίθετη κατεύθυνση του μετώπου της πυρκαγιάς με την μετάδοση θερμότητας με ρεύματα, δημιουργώντας έναν αντίθετο αέρα. Δύο ακόμα σποραδικές φωτιές είναι ορατές στο χαμηλότερο μέρος του μετώπου. Πυρκαγία Vilares de Cima
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Left side of the head fire of Verdelhos wildfire, extinguished in agricultural fields. Around 451 hectares of total burned areaLato sinistro della testa dell’incendio di Verdelhos, che è stata spenta su alcuni campi agricoli, per un totale di circa 451 ettari di superficie totale bruciataLado esquerdo da cabeça do incêndio de Verdelhos, extinta em campos agrícolas. Cerca de 451 hectares de área total ardida
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: During the beginning of Vilares de Cima wildfire there was an helicopter that hit an electrician power line. Luckily the pilot could control the helicopter and reach safely the helibaseDurante lo scoppio dell’incendio di Vilares de Cima, uno degli elicotteri si è imbattuto in un cavo dell’alta tensione, riuscendo nonostante ciò a ritornare alla baseNo início do incêndio de Vilares de Cima, um dos helicópteros embateu numa linha de alta tensão, contudo conseguiu regressar à sua baseΚατά τη διάρκεια της πυρκαγιάς στο Vilares de Cima, υπήρξε ένα ελικόπτερο που χτύπησε ένα ηλεκτροφόρο καλώδιο. Ευτυχώς ο πιλότος μπόρεσε να ελέγξει το ελικόπτερο και να φθάσει ακίνδυνα στο ελικοδρόμιο
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Caminha wildfire: Some slopovers in the other side of the path due to the wind direction, without success due to high air humidity, allowing a work without the use of waterIncendio di Caminha. Innumerevoli salti dovuti alla direzione del vento. Non vi è ignizione della vegetazione collocata sul lato opposto del percorso a causa dell’umidità dell’aria, il che ha permesso un lavoro senza appoggio d’acqua a causa della mancanza di mezziIncêndio de Caminha: Inúmeros saltos devido à direcção do vento. Não há ignição da vegetação do lado oposto do caminho devido à húmidade do ar, permitindo um trabalho sem apoio de água, devido à falta de meios
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Vilares de Cima: Junction between the spot fire and fire perimeter, one minute after the spot fire start, moving the head fire 20 to 30 meters aheadIncendio di Vilares de Cima: circa un minuto dopo il salto, unione del salto col perimetro, che provoca un’avanzata della testa del fuoco da 20 a 30 metriIncêndio de Vilares de Cima: Cerca de 1 minuto após o salto, a junção entre o salto e o perímetro, fazendo a cabeça avançar 20 a 30 metrosΠυρκαγιά Vilares de Cima: διασταύρωση ανάμεσα στην σποραδική πυρκαγιά και στην περίμετρο της πυρκαγιάς, ένα λεπτό μετά την έναρξη της σποραδικής πυρκαγιάς, μετατοπίζωντας το μέτωπο 20 με 30 μέτρα μπροστά
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Beginning of a fire manoeuvre in a forest path on the right flank. Photography took by the manoeuvre author, working alone, taking advantage of the wind direction without the need of water support in Caminha wildfireInizio della manovra con uso del fuoco nel fianco destro su un sentiero forestale. Fotografia scattata dallo stesso autore della manovra, che ha lavorato da solo in questo settore, approfittando della direzione del vento senza la necessità di appoggio d’acqua. Incendio di CaminhaInício de manobra com fogo no flanco direito em caminho florestal. Fotografia tirada pelo autor da manobra, a trabalhar sozinho neste sector, aproveitando a direcção do vento sem necessidade de apoio com água no incêndio de Caminha
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Vilares de Cima: location difficult to accessIncendio di Vilares de Cima. Zona caratterizzata da accessi difficiliIncêndio de Vilares de Cima: Zona de acessos difíceisΠυρκαγιά Vilares de Cima: Δύσκολη θέση πρόσβασης
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S004 /
Language: en
Description: The speaker during the vision of the extract of the Film “Fire against the fire”Les orateurs pendant la projection de l’extrait du film « Le feu contre le feu »Los oradores durante la proyección del extracto de la película “El fuego contra el fuego”Gli oratori durante la visione dell’estratto del film “ Il fuoco contro il fuoco”Oradores a visualizarem o extracto do filme “O fogo contra o fogo”
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Ribeira de Pena: Downslope fire manoeuvre made by firefighters, in a bend forest path, giving to the fire this circular shapeRibeira de Pena: manovra effettuata dai pompieri in contropendenza, sulla curva di una pista forestale, conferendogli una forma circolareRibeira de Pena: Manobra efectuada pelos bombeiros, contra o declive, numa curva em caminho florestal, dando-lhe esta forma circular
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Porto Velho, in Ourém, district of Santarém. Incendie de Porto Velho, à Ourém, district de Santarém.Incendio di Porto Velho, consiglio di Ourém, distretto di Santarém.Incêndio de Porto Velho, concelho de Ourém, distrito de Santarém.Πυρκαγιά του Porto Velho, στο Ourém, περιφέρεια Santarém.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Left flank near to the head of the wildfire.Flanc gauche près de la tête de l'incendie.Fianco sinistro vicino alla testa dell’incnedio.Flanco esquerdo junto à cabeça do incêndio.Αριστερό πλευρό κοντά στο μέτωπο της πυρκαγιάς.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Caminha: Sustained propagation moving into the direction of the headfireCaminha. Propagazione regolare in direzione della testa dell’incendioCaminha: Propagação regular na direcção da cabeça do incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire manoeuvre with the support of a clean eucalyptus areaManoeuvre de feu tactique avec le support d'une zone dégagée d'eucalyptus, à OurémManovra di fuoco tattico con appoggio in un’ area di eucalyptus a OurémManobra de fogo táctico com apoio num eucaliptal limpo, em OurémΤακτικός ελιγμός της φωτιάς με την υποστήριξη μίας καθαρής περιοχής ευκαλύπτων
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: Progression with spot fire Progression avec des sautesProgresión con saltos Progressione con salti Progressão com saltos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Part of Vilares de Cima wildfire stopped in a ploughed young pine plantationEstinzione dell’ incendio di Vilares de Cima in una piantagione di pini con terreno lavorato lungo le curve di livelloExtinção do incêndio de Vilares de Cima numa plantação de pinheiros com o solo lavrado entre as linhasΜέρος της πυρκαγιάς στο Vilares de Cima σταμάτησε σε μια οργωμένη νέα φυτεία πεύκων
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Head fire dying in the limit of the pine plantation and bottom of the valley in VerdelhosTesta dell’incendio ripresa durante la sua estinzione sul limite del popolamento di pini a fondovalle. Incendio di VerdelhosCabeça do incêndio a extinguir-se no limite dos povoamentos de pinheiro no fundo do vale em Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Continuation of the downslope fire manoeuvre, with a slow fire spread under canopy of a marine pine stand, against the wildfire, which is not possible to see in the photography. Ribeira de Pena WildfireContinuazione della linea del fuoco sul versante, con propagazione lenta su un popolamento di pino marittimo, in direzione dell’incendio (che non si riesce a scorgere dalla fotografia). Incendio di Ribeira de PenaContinuação da linha de fogo na descendente, com propagação lenta em povoamento de pinheiro bravo, em direcção ao incêndio que não se consegue ver na fotografia. Incêndio de Ribeira de Pena
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Pilot cabin impact. Wildfire of Vilares de CimaSegni dell’impatto nella cabina del pilota. Incendio di Vilares de CimaImpacto na cabine do piloto. Incêndio de Vilares de CimaΑντίκτυπος στην καμπίνα του πιλότου. Πυρκαγιά of Vilares de Cima
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Vilares de Cima Wildfire: Fire spread dynamic with spot fires: 20 to 30 meters spot fire on the head fire front, with wind from the right to the left side. Spot fire flames moving to the opposite direction of the main wind and head fire frontIncendio di Vilares de Cima. Propagazione del fuoco con salti: proiezione della fiamma ad una distanza dai 20 ai 30 metri dal fronte di testa, con vento da destra verso sinistra. Fiamma del salto che si propaga in direzione contraria rispetto al vento dominante della direzione di testaIncêndio de Vilares de Cima: Dinâmica de propagação do fogo com saltos: projecção a uma distância de 20 a 30 metros da frente da cabeça, com vento da direita para a esquerda. Chama do salto na direcção contrária do vento dominante da direcção da cabeçaΠυρκαγιά Vilares de Cima: η πυρκαγιά διαδόθηκε δυναμικά μέσω σποραδικών πυρκαγιών: 20 έως 30 μέτρα σποραδικής πυρκαγιάς στο μέτωπο της πυρκαγιάς, με άνεμο απο τη δεξιά προς την αριστερή μεριά. Φλόγες της σποραδικής πυρκαγιάς κινούνται προς την αντίθετη κατεύθυνση από τον κύριο άνεμο και κατευθύνονται στο μέτωπο
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Slopover, extinguished by two people, one of them opening a fireline with a hand tool and the other using the fireline as a support to a fire manoeuvreSalto di fuoco, spento da due persone: una delle due ha aperto una fascia con utensili manuali verso il salto e l’altra ha usato la fascia come appoggio per l’utilizzo del fuocoSalto de fogo, extinto por duas pessoas, uma delas abrindo uma faixa com ferramenta manual à volta do salto e a outra usando a faixa como apoio para o uso do fogo
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire manoeuvre in Ribeira de Pena WildfireManovra con utilizzo del fuoco sull’Incendio di Ribeira de PenaManobra com fogo no Incêndio de Ribeira de Pena
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Another fire manoeuvre at 02:35 am, with vegetation with more moisture due to the relative humidity increase, having the need of the use of dense shrubs in order to maintain the fire propagation. Caminha WildfireNuova manovra, effettuata alle 2 e 25 del mattino con vegetazione più umida (aumento dell’umidità causato da un addensamento di nubi). Necessità di utilizzare cespugli più densi per permettere la propagazione del fuoco. Incendio di CaminhaOutra manobra às 02h35, com a vegetação mais húmida devido ao aumento da húmidade com a chegada de nuvens, existindo a necessidade de utilização dos matos mais densos para permitir a propagação do fogo. Incêndio de Caminha
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Right flank of the wildfire next to the village of Colmeal, Góis, district of Coimbra.Flanc droit de l'incendie près du village de Colmeal, Góis, district de Coimbra. Fianco destro dell’incendio vicino al paese di Colmeal, Góis, nel distretto di Coimbra.Flanco direito do incêndio junto à aldeia do Colmeal, Góis, distrito de Coimbra.Δεκσί πλευρό της πυρκαγιάς δίπλα στο χωριό Colmeal, Góis, περιφέρεια της Coimbra.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: In the second plan a flank hotline and the first plan the consolidation of the final perimeter with fireVerdelhos: in secondo piano il fianco dell’incendio e in primo piano il consolidamento del perimetro finale con uso del fuocoVerdelhos: Em segundo plano o flanco do incêndio e em primeiro plano a consolidação do perímetro final com fogo
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Hot spots identification and isolation, near the wildfire perimeter.Identification et isolement de points chauds, à proximité du périmètre de l’incendie.Identificazione ed isolamento dei punti caldi, nei dintorni del perimetro dell’incendio.Identificação e isolamento de pontos quentes, junto ao perímetro de incêndio.Προσδιορισμός και απομόνωση σημαντικών σημείων κοντά στην περίμετρο της πυρκαγιάς.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Observation of the biomass after the prescribed fire Observation de la matière organique après la réalisation d’un brûlage dirigéObservación de la materia orgánica después de la realización de la quema dirigida (fotografía de Liliana Bento)Osservazione della materia organica dopo la realizzazione del fuoco controllato Observação da matéria orgânica depois de realização de fogo controlado
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Left flank of Verdelhos wildfire, East side of Serra da Estrela, District of Guarda, November 24th of 2008: Fire running upslope shielded from the dominant windFianco sinistro dell’incendio di Verdelhos, sul lato est della Serra da Estrela, nel distretto di Guarda (24 novembre 2008). Propagazione su un pendio protetto dai venti dominantiFlanco esquerdo do incêndio de Verdelhos, no lado Este da Serra da Estrela, Distrito da Guarda, no dia 24 de Novembro de 2008: propagação em encosta protegida dos ventos dominantes
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Suppression fire manoeuvre, wildfire with the head on the left of the image.Manœuvre de contre-feu, avec la tête de l’incendie à gauche.Maniobra de contrafuego, con la cabeza del incendio a la izquierda.Manovra di contro-fuoco e a sinistra le testa dell’incendio.Manobra de contra-fogo, com a cabeça do incêndio à esquerda da imagem. Ελιγμός πυρκαγιάς καταστολής, στην πυρκαγιά με το μέτωπο στα αριστερά της εικόνας.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Fire use manoeuvre for final consolidation of the perimeter with the support of a path.Utilisation du feu pour consolider le périmètre final en appui sur un chemin.Utilización del fuego para consolidar el perímetro final con la apoyo de un camino.Uso del fuoco per consolidare il perimetro finale con appoggio sul sentiero.Manobra de uso de fogo para consolidação do perímetro final, com apoio num aceiro. Χρήση ελιγμού της πυρκαγιάς, με στόχο την τελική σταθεροποίηση της περιμέτρου με την υποστήριξη μονοπατιού.
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Title: Deliverable D9.1-4-1000 Guidelines for prescribed burning for the specific vegetation types assessed within the FIRE PARADOX community /
Language: English
Description: In this paper guidelines for prescribed burning inside pine stands are provided for Southern Africa. Where applicable, these guidelines have been extended to Mediterranean countries in Europe, where pine stands are growing under near-similar conditions, in related natural vegetation bases. It was determined that - where pine trees were established in dynamic grasslands - fire can be applied without damage to the trees when the trees are still relatively young, but that is not the case when pine trees are growing inside a shrubland vegetation base. In the case of the latter existence of a significant percentage of the base vegetation present, may force postponement of the earliest burning date to a stage when tree crown canopies have suppressed most of this vegetation. Subsequently the degree of crown canopy closure was found to be the major influencing factor in determining the degree of difficulty of prescribed burning inside pine stands: The closer the tree crown canopy, the easier it will be to apply fire with an acceptable degree of safety. Adversely, it was determined that the more dominant natural vegetation (particularly shrubland) was present inside pine stands, the more difficult it will be to apply prescribed burning inside stands without damage to the trees, and that tree mortality could be possible (de Ronde et al. 1990; de Ronde et al. 2004b). Photoseries, forest floor classifications and fuel classifications have been identified as useful fuel-assessment tools for the application of prescribed fire with confidence and - where these do not exist at a regional scale - the development of such fire management tools is strongly recommended (de Ronde, 2008a). The relative role of cambium damage and tree crown scorch have also been presented in this paper, by species, vegetation base, tree age and tree growth rate (tree size). Recommendations have also been provided how to restrict fire damage to trees under various burning conditions and tree stand characteristics. These recommendations were also extended to certain regions within some Mediterranean countries (de Ronde, 1988; de Ronde et al., 1990).
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Fire manoeuvre, from the left flank to the head, with the support of the firefighters.Utilisation du feu, du flanc gauche vers la tête, avec le soutien des pompiers.Utilización del fuego, del lado izquierdo hacia la cabeza, con el apoyo de los bomberos.Utilizzo del fuoco, dal fianco sinistro verso la testa con l’appoggio dei pompieri.Manobra de fogo, do flanco esquerdo para a cabeça, com apoio dos bombeiros.Ελιγμός της πυρκαγιάς, από το αριστερό πλευρό στο κέντρο, με την υποστήριξη των πυροσβεστών.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: The Fire Paradox base for the year 2007 takes place in COTF in Lousã. In yellow, the vehicles of the suppression fire team.La base Fire Paradox de 2007 est installée au COTF de Lousã. En jaune, les véhicules des équipes de contre-feu.La base de Fire Paradox esta instalada en el COTF de Lousã. En amarillo, los coches de los equipos de contra fuego.La base di Fire Paradox è installata nel COTF di Lousã. In giallo, le macchine delle squadre impegnate nel controfuoco.A base Fire Paradox de 2007 é instalada no COTF da Lousã. Em amarelo, os veículos das equipas de fogo de supressão.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Underground fire in a stump and roots of a tree, indicating the dryness of the soil at the end of November, VerdelhosFuoco sotterraneo in ceppaia e nelle radici di un albero. Ciò indica lo stato di siccità del suolo alla fine del mese di NovembreFogo subterrâneo em cepo e raízes de uma árvore, indicando o estado de secura do solo no final do mês de Novembro, Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Vilares de Cima Wildfire: propeller impact on the helicopterIncendio di Vilares de Cima. Segni dell’impatto sull’elica dell’elicotteroIncêndio de Vilares de Cima: Impacto na hélice do helicópteroΠυρκαγιά Vilares de Cima: αντίκτυπος προωστήρων στο ελικόπτερο
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Ribeira de Pena, district of Vila Real, August, 28th of 2008: Use of fire by FirefightersIncendio di Ribeira de Pena, distretto di Vila Real, 28 Agosto 2008: i pompieri usano il fuocoIncêndio de Ribeira de Pena, distrito de Vila Real, 28 de Agosto de 2008: Uso do fogo pelos Bombeiros
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire perimeter consolidation with the use of a trace machine. Consolidation du périmètre de l’incendie avec utilisation d’un bulldozer.Consolidamento del perimetro dell’incendio attraverso l’utilizzo di una macchina.Consolidação do perímetro do incêndio com utilização de máquina de rasto. Σταθεροποίηση της περιμέτρου της πυρκαγιάς με την χρήση ιχνηλατικής μηχανής.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Some difficulties driving a Forestry Services bulldozer on steep slopes terrain with an unpredictable wildfire behaviour in VerdelhosDifficoltà nel manovrare una pala meccanica dell’Autorità Forestale Nazionale su un terreno caratterizzato da grandi pendenze e con un incendio dal comportamento imprevedibile. Incendio di VerdelhosDificuldade em manobrar uma máquina de rastos da Autoridade Florestal Nacional em terreno com grandes declives e com um incêndio de comportamento imprevisivel. Em Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Forestry Services team opening a fireline in Verdelhos wildfireUna squadra dei Servizi Forestali apre una fascia di contenimento sull’incendio di VerdelhosEquipa dos Serviços Florestais a abrir uma faixa de contenção no incêndio de Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: The last flames around the village Les dernières flammes autour d’un villageLas últimas llamas alrededor de un pueblo Le ultime fiamme attorno a un villaggio As últimas chamas à volta de umas das aldeias
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S005 /
Language: en
Description: Lateral side of a pine forestFlanc latéral dans une pinèdeLado lateral de un pinar Fronte laterale in una pineta Frente lateral num pinhal
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Ourém: arrival of the wildfire to the roadOurém: arrivée de l'incendie à la routeOurém: arrivo del fuoco alla stradaOurém: chegada do incêndio à estradaOurém: άφιξη της πυρκαγιάς στο δρόμο
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Propagation of the head of the wildfire of Meda, in the district of Guarda, in the Centre of Portugal.Propagation du feu sur la tête de l’incendie de Meda, dans le centre du Portugal.Propagación del fuego sobre la cabeza del incendio de Meda, en el centro de Portugal.Propagazione della testa dell’incendio di Meda, nel centro del Portogallo.Propagação na cabeça do incêndio de Meda, distrito da Guarda, no Centro de Portugal.Διάδοση του μετώπου της πυρκαγιάς του Meda, στην περιοχή του Guarda, στο κέντρο της Πορτογαλίας.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S006 /
Language: en
Description: Tomar fireIncendie de TomarIncendio de TomarIncendio di TomarIncêndio de Tomar
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S006 /
Language: en
Description: Tomar fireIncendie de TomarIncendio de TomarIncendio di TomarIncêndio de Tomar
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S007 /
Language: en
Description: Fire in Batalha on the 22nd of August 2007Incendie à Batalha, 22 Aout 2007Incendio Batalha, 22 de agosto de 2007Incendio a Batalha, 22 Agosto 2007Incêndio da Batalha, no dia 22 de Agosto de 2007
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S007 /
Language: en
Description: Fire in Batalha on the 22nd of August 2007Incendie à Batalha, 22 Aout 2007Incendio Batalha, 22 de agosto de 2007Incendio a Batalha, 22 Agosto 2007Incêndio da Batalha, no dia 22 de Agosto de 2007
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S007 /
Language: en
Description: Fire in BatalhaIncendie à BatalhaIncendio a BatalhaIncendio a BatalhaIncêndio da Batalha
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S007 /
Language: en
Description: Head and right flank in limestone area with Quercus cocciferaTête et flanc droit dans une zone calcaire de Quercus coccifferaCabeza e flanco derecho en la zona calcàrea de Quercus coccifferaTesta e fianco destro nella zona calcarea (Quercus cocciffera)Cabeça e flanco direito em zona calcária a progredir em carrascos (Quercus cocciffera)
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S007 /
Language: en
Description: Head of the wildfire Tête du feuCabeza del incendio Testa dell’ incendioCabeça do incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S007 /
Language: en
Description: Zone of anchorage of the suppression fire Zone d'ancrage du contre-feuZona de anclaje del contrafuego Zona di ancoraggio del contro-fuoco Zona de ancoragem do contra-fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S008 /
Language: en
Description: Head of the fire as result of its own reactivation in Mirandela, in a low hillside zoneTête résultant de la réactivation de l’incendie de Mirandela, en partie basse d’un versantCabeza resultante de la reactivación del incendio de Mirandela, en una zona baja de una laderaTesta risultante dalla riattivazione dell’ incendio di Mirandela, in una zona bassa di un pendio collinareCabeça resultante da reactivação do incêndio de Mirandela, numa zona baixa de uma encosta
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S008 /
Language: en
Description: Very fast evolution of the wildfire, 20 minutes after its reactivation Évolution très rapide de l’incendie, 20 minutes après la réactivationEvolución muy rápida del incendio, 20 minutos después de su reactivación Sviluppo molto veloce del incendi, 20 minuti dopo la riattivazione Evolução muito rápida do incêndio, 20 minutos após reactivação
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S008 /
Language: en
Description: Manoeuvres of the GAUF with suppression fire in the left flank of the head of the wildfire Manoeuvre du GAUF avec du feu dans le flanc gauche de la tête de l’incendieManiobra del GAUF con fuego en el flanco izquierdo de la cabeza del incendio Manovra del GAUF con fuoco nel fianco sinistro della testa dell’ incendio Manobra do GAUF com fogo no flanco esquerdo da cabeça do incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Secondary focus of the fire of Sardoal - very intense development of the fire, five minutes after its beginning Foyer secondaire sur l’incendie de Sardoal – avec développement très intense du feu, cinq minutes après son commencement par saute Fueco secundario del fuego de Sardoal - desarrollo muy intenso del fuego, cinco minutos después de su comienzoFuoco secondario dell’ incendio di Sardoal- sviluppo del fuoco molto intenso, cinque minuti dopo il relativo inizioFoco secundário do incêndio da Sardoal – desenvolvimento muito intenso do fogo, cinco minutos depois do seu início
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Beginning of the suppression fire manoeuvre, with widening of the burned zone Commencement de la manoeuvre de feu tactique, avec élargissement de la zone brûléePrincipio de la maniobra del fuego táctico, con ensanchar de la zona quemada Inizio della manovra di contro-fuoco, con espansione della zona bruciata Início da manobra de fogo táctico, com alargamento da zona queimada
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: suppression fire Manoeuvremanoeuvre du feu tactiquemaniobra del fuego táctico manovra del contro-fuocomanobra de fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: suppression fire next to a line (in foreground) and lateral front of the fire of Sertã (at the bottom of the image)feu tactique le long d’un pare-feu (dans le premier plan) et front latéral de l’incendie de Sertã (au fond de l'image)fuego táctico al lado de una faja (en primer plan) y frente lateral del incendio de Sertã (en el fundo del imagen) contro-fuoco vicino ad una fascia (in primo piano) e fronte laterale dell’ incendio di Sertã (in fondo all’ immagine) fogo táctico junto a uma faixa (em primeiro plano) e frente lateral do incêndio da Sertã (ao fundo da imagem)
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire manoeuvre in GouveiaManoeuvre de feu tactique à GouveiaManiobra del fuego táctico en GouveiaManovra di contro-fuoco in GouveiaManobra de fogo táctico em Gouveia
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Portuguese and Argentine members of a GAUF team conduct surveillance during the tactical fire operation in GouveiaMembres portugais et argentin d'une équipe GAUF reffectuant la surveillance pendant l'opération du feu tactique à GouveiaMiembros portugués y de Argentina de uno equipa GAUF para llevar con la supervisión durante la operación del fuego táctico en GouveiaUn membro argentino e uno portoghese facenti parte della squadra GAUF realizzano operazioni di controllo durante le operazioni di fuoco tatticoMembros português e argentino de uma equipa GAUF a realizar vigilância durante a operação de fogo táctico em Gouveia
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: A fireman and a member GAUF at the beginning of the tactical fire in Gouveia manoeuvre evaluate the conditions of accomplishment with the fire behindUn pompier et un membre GAUF au début de la manoeuvre du feu tactique à Gouveia évaluent les conditions de l'accomplissement avec le feu derrièreUn bombero y un miembro GAUF al principio de la maniobra del fuego táctico en Gouveia evalúan las condiciones de la realización con el fuego detrás deUn vigile del fuoco e un membro GAUF all'inizio della manovra di fuoco tattico valutano gli stati della realizzazione con il fuoco alle spalleUm bombeiro e um membro GAUF no início da manobra de fogo táctico avaliam as condições de realização com o incêndio atrás
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire in Vila Pouca de AguiarLe feu à Vila Pouca de AguiarFuego en Vila Pouca de AguiarFuoco a Vila Pouca de AguiarIncêndio de Vila Pouca de Aguiar
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire in Sintra (periphery of Lisbon) with the mouth of Tejo river on the deep of the imageIncendie à Sintra (périphérie de Lisbonne) avec l’embouchure du Tage en second planIncendio en Sintra (periferia de Lisboa) con ela desembocadura del río Tejo en el profundo de la imagenFuoco a Sintra (periferia di Lisbona) con ela bocca deghi il fiume Tejo che incontra il mare nel profondo dell'immaginIncêndio em Sintra (periferia de Lisboa) com a embocadura do rio Tejo ao fundo da imagem
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Transition of the fire of Sintra of the agricultural zone for the woody zone Transition de l’incendie de Sintra de la zone agricole pour la zone boiséeTransición del incendio de Sintra de la zona agrícola para la zona arboladaPassaggio del fuoco di Sintra dalla zona agrícola a quella boschivaTransição do incêndio de Sintra da zona agrícola para a zona arborizada
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire in a residential zone in SintraLe feu dans une zone résidentielle de SintraLe feu dans une zone résidentielle de SintraFuoco in una zona residenziale di SintraIncêndio numa zona residencial em Sintra
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Entrance of the fire of Sintra in a forest of pineEntrée du feu de Sintra dans une forêt du pinEntrada del fuego de Sintra en un bosque del pinoL’avanzata del fuoco di Sintra in una foresta di pinoEntrada do incêndio de Sintra num bosque de pinheiro manso
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Widening of the flanks in SintraÉlargissement des flancs à SintraEl ensanchar de los flancos en SintraAllargamento dei fianchi a SintraAlargamento dos flancos em Sintra
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Perpendicular fire to the Serra of Sintra Le feu perpendiculaire à la Serra de Sintra Fuego perpendicular al Serra de SintraFuoco perpendicolare nella Serra di SintraIncêndio perpendicular à Serra de Sintra
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Caniçada Barrage, North of PortugalBarrage de Caniçada, Nord du PortugalPresa de Caniçada, Norte de PortugalDiga di Caniçada, Nord del PortogalloBarragem da Caniçada, no Norte de Portugal
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire in the Caniçada BarrageL’incendie du Barrage de CaniçadaIncendio en la Presa de CaniçadaFuoco nella Diga di CaniçadaIncêndio na Barragem da Caniçada
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire of Cinfães. In the first plan, the flank of the wildfire where the wind evacuates the smoke. In the second plan, the activation of the fire in a pine plantation where the hot air goes up in the vertical lineLe feu de Cinfães, le 6 septembre 2007. Au premier plan, le flanc de l’incendie où le vent évacue la fumée. Au deuxième plan, l'activation du feu dans un peuplement de pin où l'air chaud monte à la verticaleFuego de Cinfães, en el día 6 de septiembre de 2007. En el primer plan, el flanco del incendio donde el viento evacua el humo. En el segundo plan, la activación del fuego en una plantación del pino adonde el aire caliente entra para arriba en la línea verticalFuoco di Cinfães, del giorno 6 di settembre 2007. In primo piano: il fianco del fuoco in cui il vento allontana il fumo. In secondo piano: attivazione del fuoco in una piantagione di pino. L’ aria calda va verso l’alto nella linea verticaleIncêndio de Cinfães, no dia 6 de Setembro de 2007. Em primeiro plano, o flanco do incêndio em que o vento evacua o fumo. Em segundo plano, a activação do incêndio num pinhal onde o ar quente sobe na vertical
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Evolution of the fire of CinfãesÉvolution du feu de CinfãesEvolución del fuego de CinfãesSviluppo del fuoco di CinfãesEvolução do incêndio de Cinfães
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Irregular propagation of the wildfire due to the way of management of the different forest parcelsPropagation irrégulière de l’incendie dû à la manière de la gestion des différents colis de forêtPropagación irregular del incendio debido a la manera de gerencia de los diversos paquetes del bosque Propagazione irregolare del fuoco dovuto alla particolare gestione delle diverse parcelle forestaliPropagação irregular do incêndio devido ao modo de gestão das diferentes parcelas florestais
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Preparation of the line to start the tactical fire in a eucalyptus zone, to fight the fire of CinfãesPréparation de la ligne pour initier le feu tactique dans une zone d'eucalyptus, pour combattre l’incendie de CinfãesPreparación de la línea para dar el principio al fuego táctico en una zona del eucalipto, para luchar el incendio de CinfãesPreparazione della linea in cui si attiverà il fuoco tattico in una zona di eucalyptus, per combattere il fuoco di CinfãesPreparação da linha para dar início ao fogo táctico num eucaliptal, para combater o incêndio de Cinfães
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire manoeuvre to fight the backfiresManoeuvre du feu tactique pour combattre l’incendie en second planManiobra táctica del fuego táctica para luchar el incendio detrás de el cual encuentraManovra di fuoco tattico per combattere il fuoco alle spalleManobra de fogo táctico para combater o incêndio que se encontra atrás
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire on the left of the image, manoeuvre of the tactical fire on the right of the image and second tactical fire supported in a road, in foregroundIncendie à côté gauche de l'image, manoeuvre de feu tactique du côté droit de l'image et second feu tactique en lieu en appui sur une route, au premier planIncendio en la izquierda de la imagen, maniobra del fuego táctico en la derecha de la imagen y segundo fuego táctico en lugar apoyado en un camino, en el primer planFuoco a sinistra dell'immagine, manovra di fuoco tattico a destra dell'immagine e secondo fuoco tattico sostenuto su strada, in primo pianoIncêndio à esquerda da imagem, manobra de fogo táctico à direita da imagem e segundo fogo táctico apoiada numa estrada, em primeiro plano
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire of Castanheira de PêraIncendie de Castanheira de PêraFuego de Castanheira de PêraIncendio di Castanheira de PêraIncêndio de Castanheira de Pêra
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Castanheira de Pêra: secondary head fought by helicoptersCastanheira de Pêra: une tête secondaire de feu est combattue par un hélicoptèreCastanheira de Pêra: la cabeza secundaria se combatió a trevés helicópterosCastanheira de Pêra: il fronte secondario è combattuto attraverso gli elicotteriCastanheira de Pêra: cabeça secundária combatida por helicóptero
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Mondim de BastoMondim de BastoMondim de BastoMondim de BastoMondim de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Anjos - Vieira do Minho: blazing a trail for an eventual tactical fireAnjos - Vieira do Minho: préparation d'un layon pour un éventuel feu tactiqueAnjos - Vieira do Minho: preparación de un camino para un eventual fuego tácticoAnjos - Vieira do Minho: preparazione di un sentiero per un possibile fuoco tatticoAnjos - Vieira do Minho: preparação de um trilho para um eventual fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire to create a safe perimeter in paths to prevent a new fireFeu tactique pour créer un périmètre sécurisé sur des chemins pour empêcher des reprises de feuFuego táctico para crear un perímetro seguro en caminos para prevenir un nuevo fuegoFuoco tattico per creare un perimetro sicuro in sentieri per prevenire un nuovo incendioFogo táctico para criar um perímetro seguro em caminhos para evitar reacendimentos
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire which has caused a secondary fire 15 hours before and 40 hours after, the dead layer remained hot inside of the safe perimeter in Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoFeu tactique qui a généré un foyer secondaire,15 heures après. 40 heures plus tard, la litière est demeurée chaude à l’intérieur du périmètre sécurisé à Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoEl fuego táctico que generó un fuego secundario 15 horas antes y 40 horas después, la manta muerta se queda caliente al interior de un perímetro seguro en Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoIl fuoco tattico che ha generato un fuoco secondario 15 ore prima e 40 ora dopo, la manta morta resta calda all’interno di un perimetro sicuro a Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoFogo táctico que gerou um fogo secundário, 15 horas antes. 40 horas depois, a manta morta permanecia quente dentro do perímetro seguro em Terrafeita, Vieira do Minho
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Terrafeita, Vieira do Minho: in the background, the descending head of the fire in favour of the wind and in the foreground, the tactical fire supported in a forest roadTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: en second plan, la tête descendante du feu poussée par le vent et en premier plan le feu tactique en appui sur une piste forestièreTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: en segundo plano, el fruente descendente del fuego a favor del viento y en primero plano , el fuego táctico hecho en un camino forestalTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: in secondo piano, il fronte discendente del fuoco a favore del vento e in primo piano, il fuoco tattico di sostegno in un sentiero forestaleTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: em segundo plano, a cabeça descendente do incêndio a favor do vento e em primeiro plano, o fogo táctico apoiado num caminho florestal
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Manoeuvre with fire in the head in Abadim, Terras de BouroManoeuvre avec du feu sur la tête d’incendie à Abadim, Terras de BouroManiobra con el fuego en la cabeza del incendio en Abadim, Terras de BouroManovra con fuoco nella testa dell’incendio a Abadim, Terras de BouroManobra com fogo na cabeça, em Abadim, Terras de Bouro
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim, Terras de Bouro: tactical fire in a hillsideAbadim, Terras de Bouro: feu tactique sur un flancAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fuego táctico en un flancoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fuoco tattico in un fiancoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fogo táctico num flanco
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire in Abadim, Terras de BouroFeu tactique à Abadim, Terras de BouroFuego táctico en Abadim, Terras de BouroFuoco tattico a Abadim, Terras de BouroFogo táctico em Abadim, Terras de Bouro
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim, Terras de Bouro: tactical fire with a firemen vehicle watching possible fire jumpsAbadim, Terras de Bouro: feu tactique avec un véhicule de pompiers pour veiller sur d’éventuelles sautes de feuAbadim, Terras de Bouro: el fuego táctico y un coche de los bomberos que controla posibles saltos de fuegoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fuoco tattico e un'automobile dei pompieri che tiene sotto controllo eventuali salti di fuocoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fogo táctico com um carro de bombeiros a vigiar eventuais saltos de fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Treatment of a new burning fire with the help of the local population in Xurense, Terras de Bouro Traitement d'une reprise avec l'aide de la population locale à Xurense, Terras de BouroTratamiento de un nuevo fuego gracias a la ayuda de la población local en Xurense, Terras de BouroTrattamento di una riaccensione grazie all’ aiuto della popolazione locale a Xurense, Terras de BouroTratamento de um reacendimento com a ajuda da população local em Xurense, Terras de Bouro
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Xurense, Terras de Bouro: change in the fire behaviour in the transition of the bush zone to the intensive pasture zoneXurense, Terras de Bouro: changement de comportement du feu dans le transistion de la zone embroussaillée vers la zone du pâturage intensif Xurense, Terras de Bouro: cambio en el comportamiento del fuego en la transición desde una zona de arbusto hasta una zona de pasto intensivoXurense, Terras de Bouro: cambio di comportamento del fuoco nel passaggio da zona di cespugli a zona a pascolo intensivoXurense, Terras de Bouro: mudança do comportamento de fogo na transição da zona de mato para a zona de pastagem intensiva
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: National Park of Gerês: debate with locals about using tactical fire to protect the zones of young shrubland used for animal grazingParc national de Gerês: discussion avec des habitants pour protéger avec un feu tactique les zones de jeunes broussailles utilisées pour la litière des animauxParque Nacional do Gerês: discusión con la población para proteger con el fuego táctico las zonas del arbusto joven utilizadas para los animalesParco nazionale di Gerês: discussione con la popolazione per proteggere con il fuoco tattico le zone di macchia ancora giovani utilizzate per gli animaliParque Nacional do Gerês: discussão com os populares para proteger com fogo táctico as zonas de mato jovem utilizadas para a cama dos animais
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Small operation of tactical fire with the help of a lighter between a trail point and brush collecting zone point, in the National Park of GerêsPetite opération de feu tactique avec l'aide d'un briquet entre une piste et une zone de recueil de broussailles, dans le Parc National de GerêsPequeña operación de fuego táctico con la ayuda de un mechero entre un punto de un camino y un punto de una zona de recolección de las arbustos, en el Parque Nacional del GerêsPiccola operazione di fuoco tattico con l'aiuto di un accendino fra un punto su strada e un punto in una zona di raccolta della macchia, nel Parco Nazionale di GerêsMicro-operação de fogo táctico com ajuda de um isqueiro entre um caminho e uma zona de recolha de mato, no Parque Nacional do Gerês
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: National Park of Gerês: Head and flank of the fire in a bush zone where six fire operations had been managed laterParc National de Gerês : Tête et flanc de l’incendie dans des broussailles où il sera ensuite réalisé six manoeuvres avec du feuParque Nacional de Gerês: La cabeza y el flanco del fuego en los arbustos donde ya se habían realizadas maniobras con el fuegoParco nazionale di Gerês: La testa ed il fianco del fuoco in una zona di macchia dove successivamente sono state realizzate sei operazioni attraverso l’uso del fuocoParque Nacional do Gerês: Cabeça e flanco do incêndio numa zona de mato onde posteriormente se realizaram seis manobras com fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire in the center of Fafe villageIncendie au centre de la ville de FafeFuego en el centro del pueblo de FafeFuoco nel centro del villaggio di FafeIncêndio no centro da vila de Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Monte, Fafe: beginning of one of the tactical fire operationsMonte, Fafe: le commencement d'une manoeuvre de feu tactiqueMonte, Fafe, el principio de una maniobra de fuego tácticoMonte, Fafe: l'inizio di una manovra del fuoco tattico Monte, Fafe: início de uma das manobras de fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire of flank in Monte, FafeFeu tactique de flanc à Monte, FafeFuego táctico del flanco en Monte, FafeFuoco tattico sul fianco a Monte, FafeFogo táctico de flanco em Monte, Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Monte, Fafe: tactical fire in a forest road cleaned up by the populationMonte, Fafe: feu tactique dans un chemin forestier nettoyé par la populationMonte, Fafe: el fuego táctico en un camino forestal limpiado por la gente popularMonte, Fafe. il fuoco tattico in un sentiero forestale ripulito dalla popolazioneMonte, Fafe: fogo táctico num caminho florestal limpo por populares
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire in an oak zone supported in a trail made in Monte, FafeLe feu tactique dans une zone de chêne appuié sur un layon créé à Monte, FafeFuego táctico en una zona de robles hecho en un camino que fue creado en Monte, Fafe Fuoco tattico in una zona di quercie in un sentiero creato a Monte, FafeFogo táctico num carvalhal apoiado num trilho criado em Monte, Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Monte, Fafe: tactical fire supported in an old trail of an eucalyptus zoneMonte, Fafe: feu tactique en appui sur un ancien chemin dans un peuplement d'eucalyptusMonte, Fafe: fuego táctico hecho en un camino anitgo en una zona del eucaliptoMonte, Fafe: fuoco tattico di sostegno in una vecchia strada in una zona di eucalyptusMonte, Fafe: fogo táctico apoiado num antigo caminho num eucaliptal
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire with the support of the firemen and forest workers in the preparation of the land in Monte, FafeFeu tactique avec l'appui des pompiers et des sapeurs forestiers dans la préparation du terrain à Monte, FafeFuego táctico con la ayuda de los bomberos y de los zapadores forestales durante la preparación del terreno en Monte, FafeFuoco tattico con il supporto dei vigili del fuoco e degli operai forestali nella preparazione del terreno a Monte, Fafe (Fogo táctico com o apoio dos bombeiros e sapadores florestais na preparação do terreno em Monte, Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: GAUF’s team in first intervention with a first line made with points 10 meters from the roadCabeceiras de Basto: une équipe GAUF en première intervention avec une première ligne réalisée avec des points d’allumage à dix mètres de la pisteCabeceiras de Basto: un equipo GAUF en la primera intervención con una primera línea hecha de puntos a diez metros del camino Cabeceiras de Basto: una squadra GAUF in un primo intervento attraverso una prima linea fatta di punti a dieci metri di camminoCabeceiras de Basto: equipa GAUF em primeira intervenção com uma primeira linha feita com pontos a dez metros do caminho
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Second continuous line beside the road to fight the head of the fire in Cabeceiras de BastoDeuxième ligne continue le long de la route pour combattre la tête de l’incendie à Cabeceiras de BastoSegunda línea continua al lado del camino para combater la cabeza del fuego en Cabeceiras de Basto Seconda linea continua al lato del sentiero ai fini di combattere la testa del fuoco a Cabeceiras de BastoSegunda linha contínua ao lado do caminho para combater a cabeça do incêndio em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: flank of another fireCabeceiras de Basto: flanc d'un autre incendieCabeceiras de Basto: flanco de un otro fuegoCabeceiras de Basto: il fianco di un altro incendio Cabeceiras de Basto: flanco de um outro incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Perpendicular tactical fire to the lateral flank of the fire in Cabeceiras de BastoFeu tactique perpendiculaire au flanc latéral de l’incendie à Cabeceiras de BastoFuego táctico perpendicular al flanco lateral del fuego en Cabeceiras de Basto Fuoco tattico perpendicolare al fianco laterale dell’incendio a Cabeceiras de BastoFogo táctico perpendicular ao flanco lateral do incêndio em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: accomplishment of a tactical fire along a trail previewing the widening of the fire flankCabeceiras de Basto: réalisation d'un feu tactique le long d’une piste en prévision de l'élargissement du flanc de l’incendieCabeceiras de Basto: realización de un fuego táctico en un un camino en previsión de un ampliación del flanco del fuegoCabeceiras de Basto: realizzazione di un fuoco tattico lungo un sentiero in previsione dell'allargamento del fianco del fuoco Cabeceiras de Basto: realização de fogo táctico ao longo de um caminho em previsão do alargamento do flanco do incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: With the relative air humidity below 18% and with the wind increase, the GAUF team cannot prevent the fire passing over the road in Cabeceiras de BastoAvec une humidité relative de l'air au-dessous de 18% et avec une accélération du vent, l'équipe GAUF ne peut pas empêcher le passage du feu dans cette piste à Cabeceiras de BastoCon la humedad relativa del aire bajo del 18% y con un aumento del viento, el equipo GAUF no puede prevenir el pasaje del fuego en el camino en Cabeceiras de BastoCon l'umidità relativa dell'aria sotto il 18% e con un aumento del vento, la squadra GAUF non può impedire il passaggio del fuoco nella strada a Cabeceiras de BastoCom a humidade relativa do ar abaixo dos 18% e com um aumento do vento, a equipa GAUF não consegue evitar a passagem do fogo no caminho em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: In another parallel road, a second tactical fire operation in Cabeceiras de BastoDans sur autre piste parallèle, une deuxième manœuvre de feu tactique à Cabeceiras de BastoEn un otro camino paralelo, una segunda maniobra de fuego táctico en Cabeceiras de BastoIn un’altra strada parallela, una seconda manovra di fuoco tattico a Cabeceiras de BastoNum outro caminho paralelo, uma segunda manobra de fogo táctico em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: enlargement of the burnt area and other fires in the background Cabeceiras de Basto: élargissement de la zone brûlée et en arrière plan d'autres incendiesCabeceiras de Basto: el ampliación de la zona quemada y en el fundo de la imagen otros fuegosCabeceiras de Basto: allargamento della zona bruciata e nel fondo dell'immagine altri incendiCabeceiras de Basto: alargamento da zona queimada e no fundo da imagem outros incêndios
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: In the left of the image, the arrival of the head of the fire that was extinguished in the perpendicular tactical fire in Cabeceiras de BastoSur la gauche de l'image, l'arrivée de la tête de l’incendie qui va être éteint par un feu tactique perpendiculaire à Cabeceiras de BastoA la izquierda de la imagen, la llegada de la cabeza del fuego que se está extinguendo en el fuego táctico perpendicular en Cabeceiras de BastoA sinistra dell'immagine, l'arrivo della testa del fuoco che si va estinguendo nel fuoco tattico perpendicolare a Cabeceiras de BastoÀ esquerda da imagem, chegada da cabeça do incêndio que se vai extinguir no fogo táctico perpendicular em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: meeting between the head of the fire and the tactical fire with enlargement of the security zone by setting up a cut-fire lineCabeceiras de Basto: rencontre entre la tête de l’incendie et le feu tactique avec l'élargissement de la zone de la sécurité par la constitution d'un pare-feuCabeceiras de Basto: encuentro entre la cabeza del fuego y el fuego táctico con amplificación de la zona de seguridad a través la constitución de una línea de corta-fuegoCabeceiras de Basto: incontro fra la testa del fuoco ed il fuoco tattico con l'allargamento della zona di sicurezza attraverso costituzione di una linea taglia-fuocoCabeceiras de Basto: encontro entre a cabeça do incêndio e o fogo táctico com alargamento da zona de segurança através da constituição de uma linha corta-fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Accomplishment of a cut-fire line in Cabeceiras de BastoRéalisation d’un pare-feu à Cabeceiras de BastoRealización de una línea de corta-fuego en Cabeceiras de BastoRealizzazione di una linea taglia-fuoco a Cabeceiras de BastoRealização de uma linha de corta-fogo em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: with lack of fire fighting resources, the cut-fire line allows the fire to be chanelled into a particular areaCabeceiras de Basto: avec le manque de moyens de lutte, le pare-feu permet de canaliser l’incendie dans ce secteurCabeceiras de Basto: con la carencia de medios de combate, la línea de corta-fuego permite canalizar el fuego en esta zona Cabeceiras de Basto: con la mancanza di mezzi di combattimento, la linea di taglia-fuoco permette di canalizzare il fuoco in questa zonaCabeceiras de Basto: com a falta de meios de combate, a linha de corta-fogo permite canalizar o fogo nessa zona
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Area where the fire was extinguished by means of a tactical fire from the right supported from the road in Cabeceiras de BastoZone d'extinction de l'incendie qui arrivait par la droite grâce à la réalisation d’un feu tactique en appui sur une piste à Cabeceiras de BastoZona de extinción del incendio que estaba llegando desde derecha a través el fuego táctico hecho en el camino en Cabeceiras de BastoZona d'estinzione dell'incendio che stava arrivando da destra attraverso il fuoco tattico effettuato sul sentiero a Cabeceiras de BastoZona de extinção do incêndio que estava a chegar pela direita com fogo táctico apoiado no caminho em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: GAUF’s aerial mission of fires evaluation and recognition of the trails on a probable night operationMission aérienne GAUF d'évaluation des incendies et de reconnaissance des pistes pour une éventuelle manoeuvre nocturne avec emploi du feuMisión aérea GAUF de evaluación de los incendios y reconocimiento de los caminos para hacer una posible maniobra nocturna Missione aerea GAUF di valutazione degli incendi e di riconoscimento dei sentieri per un'eventuale manovra notturnaMissão aérea GAUF de avaliação de incêndios e de reconhecimento dos caminhos para uma eventual manobra nocturna com uso do fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Preparation of the tactical fire operation to protect a coal unit production in Queimadela, Fafe Préparation de la manoeuvre de feu tactique pour protéger une unité de production de charbon à Queimadela, FafePreparación de la maniobra de fuego táctico para proteger una unidad de producción de carbón, en Queimadela, Fafe Preparazione della manovra di fuoco tattico per proteggere un'unità di produzione di carbone, a Queimadela,FafPreparação da manobra de fogo táctico para proteger uma unidade de produção de carvão em Queimadela, Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Queimadela, Fafe: at the limit of the fire with an important risk of new fire in a pine plantation which had already burned a few years ago. An operation will be carried out supported in a trail for protection of an coal unit productionQueimadela, Fafe: em périférie de l'incendie avec un risque important de reprises dans une pinède qui avait déjà brûlé il y a quelques années, il va être réalisé une manoeuvre avec emploi du feu sur une piste, pour protéger une unité de production de charbonQueimadela, Fafe: dentro del límite del incendio con riesgo de ignición en un pinar que ya se había quemado hace unos años, donde se hará una operación en un camino para proteger una zona de producción de carbónQueimadela, Fafe: nel limite dell'incendio con rischio di riaccensione in una pineta che già aveva bruciato alcuni anni fa , si realizzerà una manovra in un sentiero per proteggere un'area di produzione di carboneQueimadela, Fafe: em periferia do incêndio com risco importante de reacendimento num pinhal que já tinha ardido há uns anos, vai realizar-se uma manobra com uso de fogo apoiada num caminho, para protecção de uma unidade de produção de carvão
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire against wind in a zone of eucalyptus in FamalicãoIncendie à contre-vent dans un peuplement d'eucalyptus à FamalicãoIncendio contra viento en una zona de eucalipto en FamalicãoIncendio contro-vento in una zona d'eucalyptus a FamalicãoIncêndio a contra-vento num eucaliptal em Famalicão
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: The fire arriving at a rail and with jumps in the barks of the eucalyptus: a lost occasion of tactical fire because two persons were necessary to clean the road in FamalicãoL'incendie arrivant sur une piste avec des sautes d’écorces d’eucalyptus: une occasion perdue de feu tactique par manque de deux personnes pour nettoyer la piste à FamalicãoEl incendio que debe llegarse a un camino y con a saltos en las cortezas de los eucaliptos: una ocasión perdida de fuego táctico a falta de dos personas que limpiaban el camino en FamalicãoL'incendio che sta arrivando in un sentiero attraverso salti nelle corteccie degli eucalyptus: un'occasione persa per attuare il fuoco tattico a causa della mancanza di due persone che pulissero il sentiero a FamalicãoO incêndio a chegar a um caminho e com saltos de cascas dos eucaliptos: uma ocasião perdida de fogo táctico por falta de duas pessoas que limpassem o caminho em Famalicão
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Famalicão: fire arriving to another trail where it has been extinguished with water and a new fire appeared the next day. In this place the use of fire supported in an exact and clean road could avoid this new fireFamalicão: incendie arrivant sur une autre piste où il s'est réalisé une extinction à eau, avec une reprise le jour suivant. Dans ce cas, l'utilisation du feu en appui sur une piste saine et propre aurait pu éviter cette repriseFamalicão: incendio que está llegando en un otro camino donde se había realizado una extinción con agua y donde tuvo lugar una nuova ignición el día siguiente. En este lugar la utilización del fuego hecho en un camino seguro y limpio podría evitar este nuevo incendioFamalicão: incendio che sta arrivando in un altro sentiero dove si era realizzata una manovra con l’acqua e dove si verificò una riaccensione il giorno successivo. In questo luogo l'utilizzo del fuoco in un sentiero sicuro e pulito potrebbe evitare la riaccensioneFamalicão: incêndio a chegar a outro caminho onde se realizou uma extinção com água, com um reacendimento no dia seguinte. Neste local o uso do fogo apoiado num caminho certo e limpo poderia evitar o reacendimento
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Mondim de Basto: head of the descending fire Mondim de Basto: tête descendante de l'incendieMondim de Basto: cabeza del incendio descendenteMondim de Basto: testa dell'incendio discendente Mondim de Basto: cabeça do incêndio descendente
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Descending fire before they perform the tactical fire operation in Mondim de BastoIncendie descendant avant la réalisation d’une manoeuvre de feu tactique à Mondim de Basto Incendio descendente antes de la realización de la maniobra de fuego táctico en Mondim de BastoIncendio discendente prima che venisse realizzato il fuoco tattico a Mondim de BastoIncêndio descendente antes de se realizar a manobra de fogo táctico em Mondim de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Mondim de Basto: front of the fire and preparation of the tactical fire operationMondim de Basto: front of the fire and preparation of the tactical fire operationMondim de Basto: el frente del incendio y preparación de la maniobra de fuego táctico Mondim de Basto: parte anteriore dell’ incendio e preparazione della manovra di fuoco tatticoMondim de Basto: frente do incêndio e preparação da manobra de fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Forest workers and GIPS members preparing and controlling the tactical fire track in Mondim de BastoDes sapeurs forestiers et des membres GIPS préparant le layon et contrôlant le feu tactique à Mondim de BastoZapadores forestales y miembros GIPS que se preparan y controlan el camino de fuego táctico en Mondim de BastoOperai forestali e membri GIPS che preparano e controllano il cammino del fuoco tattico a Mondim de Basto Sapadores florestais e membros GIPS a prepararem o trilho e a controlarem o fogo táctico em Mondim de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Mondim de Basto: new fire in a perimeter of a fire treated only with water Mondim de Basto: reprise de feu dans un tronçon du périmètre de l’incendie traité seulement avec de l’eauMondim de Basto: nuevo fuego en un perímetro de un incendio tratado solamente con aguaMondim de Basto: riaccensione di un fuoco in un perimetro di un incendio trattato soltanto con acquaMondim de Basto: reacendimento num sector do perímetro do incêndio tratado apenas com água
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: GAUF’s team evaluates a fire Une équipe GAUF évalue un incendieEquipo GAUF evalúa un incendioGruppo GAUF valuta un incendio Equipa GAUF avalia um incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim: time to neutralize the descending head of the fire with 150 meters wide which came to a forest path. The backfire initiated in this way produced an interaction with the head, with the flames to be joined in a vertical lineAbadim: moment de neutralisation de la tête descendante de l'incendie avec 150 mètres de largeur qui arrivait sur une piste forestière. Le contre-feu initié sur cette piste a produit une interaction avec la tête : les flammes se rejoignent verticalementAbadim: momento de neutralización de la cabeza descendente del incendio con 150 metros de anchura que llegaba a un camino forestal. El contrafuego empezado en este camino produjo una interacción con la cabeza, con las llamas que se juntaron en la verticalAbadim: momento di neutralizzazione della testa discendente dell'incendio con 150 metri di larghezza che arrivava fino ad un sentiero forestale. Il contro-fuoco iniziato in questo sentiero ha prodotto un'interazione con la testa, con le fiamme che si raggiunsero nella verticaleAbadim: momento de neutralização da cabeça descendente do incêndio com 150 metros de largura que chegava a um caminho florestal. O contra-fogo iniciado nesse caminho produziu uma interacção com a cabeça, com as chamas a juntarem-se na vertical
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Backfire with firemen monitoring possible secondary outbreaks in AbadimContre-feu avec véhicule de pompiers surveillant de possibles foyers secondaires à AbadimContrafuego con coche de los bomberos para contolar posibles hogares secundarios en AbadimContro-fuoco con automobile di vigili del fuoco per sorvegliare focolari possibili secondari a AbadimContra-fogo com carro de bombeiros a vigiar possíveis focos secundários em Abadim
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim: end of the backfire operation Abadim: fim da manobra de contra-fogoAbadim: conlusión de la maniobra de contrafuego Abadim: fine della manovra di contro-fuoco Abadim: fim da manobra de contra-fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Meeting of the backfire initiated in a trail on the left side of the fire in AbadimRencontre du contre-feu initié sur la piste à gauche et de l'incendie à AbadimRencontre du contre-feu initié sur la piste à gauche et de l'incendie à AbadimIncontro del contro-fuoco iniziata nel sentiero a sinistra dell'incendio a AbadimEncontro do contra-fogo iniciado no caminho à esquerda e do incêndio em Abadim
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Head of the fire in a “giestas” (brooms) area with 4 meters high and flames between 15 to 20 meters. Completing a backfire in this head with a perfect space between themTête de l'incendie dans une zone de “giestas” avec 4 mètres de hauteur et flammes entre 15 à 20 mètres. Réalisation de la contre-feu dans cette tête avec une parfaite aspiration entre elleCabeza del incendio en una zona de “giestas”con 4 metros de altura y llamas entre 15 a 20 metros. Realización del contrafuego en esta cabeza con una perfecta aspiraciónTesta dell'incendio in una zona di “giestas”con 4 metri d'altezza e fiamme tra 15 a 20 metri. Realizzazione del contro-fuoco nella testa caratterizzato da una perfetta aspirazioneCabeça do incêndio numa zona de giestas com 4 metros de altura e chamas entre 15 a 20 metros. Realização do contra-fogo nessa cabeça com uma perfeita aspiração entre si
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V005 / 00:04:24 22 (MB)
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Description: "Du feu pour éteindre l'incendie de Cinfães (Partie 1)" - 19 septembre 2007, la saison des feux est loin d’être terminée… Déclaré près de Cinfães dans la vallée du Douro, cet incendie n’est pas encore maîtrisé en fin de journée… Dans la nuit, une équipe GAUF bloque la tête de l’incendie en utilisant le feu. Présentation de ce cas d’école
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V006 / 00:04:00 20 (MB)
Language: fr
Description: "Du feu pour éteindre l'incendie de Cinfães (Partie 2)" - 19 septembre 2007, la saison des feux est loin d’être terminée… Déclaré près de Cinfães dans la vallée du Douro, cet incendie n’est pas encore maîtrisé en fin de journée… Dans la nuit, une équipe GAUF bloque la tête de l’incendie en utilisant le feu. Présentation de ce cas d’école
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V007 / 00:04:33 22.6 (MB)
Language: en
Description: Gouveia Suppression Fire
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V008 / 00:03:55 19.4 (MB)
Language: fr
Description: "Contre-feu à Gouveia" - L’incendie est relativement calme, mais plusieurs fronts de feu restent actifs. Dans cette zone escarpée proche de Gouveia, une équipe GAUF intervient… Objectifs du feu tactique : éliminer le combustible abondant au sol et mettre un terme à l’incendie avant le retour du jour
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V012 / 00:05:14 25.8 (MB)
Language: fr
Description: "Sardoal, une population au coeur de l’incendie" - Près de Sardoal en août 2007, un incendie se développe rapidement dans une zone très forestière, en menaçant de nombreux villages et hameaux. Gros plan sur un aspect moins connu du feu : son impact sur une population rurale et sur la manière dont elle l’appréhende
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V013 / 00:03:42 28.5 (MB)
Language: en
Description: Wildfires Greece
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V014 / 00:02:59 22.9 (MB)
Language: fr
Description: "Incendies Grèce" - Lors des incendies dramatiques de l’été 2007 en Grèce, la base scientifique estivale de Lousã sert de centre de coordination pour l’envoi d’une équipe Fire Paradox sur l’île d’Eubée et dans le Péloponnèse.Cette équipe d’opérationnels témoigne de l’ampleur et de la violence du phénomène
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V015 / 00:03:00 23 (MB)
Language: pt
Description: Incêndios na Grécia
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V020 / 00:03:31 27 (MB)
Language: fr
Description: "Incendie Góis - Intervention GIPS" - Plusieurs petits foyers sont actifs aux alentours de Góis... Le GIPS intervient sur cette opération... L'occasion de découvrir cette brigade spéciale de la Garde Nationale Républicaine en pleine action
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Title: Lousa 2008 resource V002 / 00:02:24 18.1 (MB)
Language: fr
Description: "Incendie à Penacova / Friumes" - Un incendie progresse dans une forêt de pins et d’eucalyptus. Différentes actions de lutte sont mises en œuvre
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Title: Lousa 2008 resource V003 / (MB)
Language: pt
Description: " Incêndio de Penacova / Friumes " - 30 de Julho de 2008, primeira saída dos membros Fire Paradox com o Grupo de Análise e Uso do Fogo… Hoje, um incêndio progride numa floresta de pinheiros e eucaliptos em Friumes, no concelho de Penacova… A ocasião de mostrar o trabalho das equipas GAUF num local onde, após análise, a utilização do fogo não é oportuna
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Title: Handbook to Plan and Use Prescribed Burning in Europe /
Language: English
Description: Prescribed burning is the planned application of fire to achieve forest and wildland management goals. The practice of prescribed burning demands skills and experience and is always under public scrutiny. The wise use of fire should maximize the benefits of burning while avoiding or minimizing its negative impacts. Consequently, prescribed burning is framed by land management goals and site-specific treatment objectives and is conditioned by both environmental and social restrictions. The decision-making and planning process can thus benefit from decision-support tools that are expected to expand and strengthen the technical proficiency of the practitioners. The inception and adoption of prescribed burning by managers and management organizations is relatively new in Europe and dates back to the early 1980s. The use of prescribed burning is geographically restricted and its potential to manage wildlands is still largely unfulfilled, especially in forested areas. The political and socio-economic environment is decisive, but there is a need for more basic knowledge and operational guidelines to assist prescribed burning programs. The FIRE PARADOX project directed most of its effort to technological development, training and dissemination. As one of the outcomes, this handbook compiles, organizes and synthesizes the information — both qualitative and quantitative — relevant to burning prescriptions in European ecosystems, i.e. the conditions desired for the burn and that will fulfil the pre-defined treatment objectives. The conceptual framework to plan, carry out and evaluate a burn operation in Figure 1 is implicit in the handbook. Knowledge that was dispersed or needed to be formalized is aggregated and digested. The handbook has been developed by: (1) Examining the available technical information, i.e. burning guides and best practices (e.g. Vega et al. 2001, Fernandes et al. 2002, Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department 2008); (2) Collecting prescriptions from the agencies and individuals involved in prescribed burning management or research in Europe; (3) Collecting information from the FIRE PARADOX prescribed burning demonstration sites; (4) Using models of fire behaviour and effects to generate burn prescriptions to achieve more generic or more specific treatment goals. The handbook gathers prescriptions from all around Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Scotland, Spain, Sweden). The environments range from subtropical (Canary islands) to boreal (Sweden). The information is organized and presented in a hierarchy that considers vegetation type, country or region, and management objective. Most data respects to the application of fire to decrease fuel hazard or to manage habitats for pastoral or nature conservation purposes in diverse types of shrubland and pine woodland. Included in the handbook are ranges for the desired weather and moisture conditions and fire behaviour and effects, as well as ignition patterns and the return interval for the treatments. Two types of prescriptions are presented, respectively: (1) to achieve a broad goal, e.g. renew pastures; or (2) to attain a specific treatment objective, usually defined in quantitative terms, e.g. reduce fuel load by 70%. The technological solutions to plan prescribed fire operations vary across Europe. General burning windows consisting of ranges in weather conditions or in fire danger rating indexes (like in Sweden, Germany and Portugal) are commonplace. In Catalonia, Spain, six standard prescriptions are individualized based on fuel availability and wind speed. USDA Forest Service fire simulation tools are used in Spain and Portugal to prepare site-specific prescriptions, which include sets of values (minimum, preferred, maximum) for weather conditions, fuel moisture contents, fire behaviour characteristics and selected fire effects. In Portugal, the PiroPinus tool (Fernandes 2003) was developed to assist in planning and evaluating the results of prescribed underburning in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) stands. Prescribed burning practitioners are the main target of the ‘Handbook to Plan and Use Prescribed Burning in Europe’ and can benchmark their practice against the recommendations, familiarize with and try prescriptions developed elsewhere for the same objective and provide input towards improvement and refinement. In the course of exchanges between regions and countries, this handbook is expected to constitute a rapid reference guide for the ‘outsiders’. Educational organizations and environmental consultants will also benefit. The handbook will naturally find application in prescribed burning training and outreach, and can provide a framework to plan research on fire ecology topics. We expect that this handbook will contribute both to disseminate and to improve the wise use of fire across Europe.
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Title: Comportamiento del fuego en un pastizal del sitio ecológico ‘media loma’, región chaqueña occidental (Argentina) / Fire behaviour in grassland ecological site 'media loma', western Chaco region (Argentina)
Language: Spanish
Description: Fire behavior, considered a part of fire ecology, is together with fire prevention one of the two components of the ´fire triangle´ currently used as a basis for fire management and control. We assessed the fire behavior in a grassland located in the midland range ecological site in the Chaco region, northwestern Argentina. The site of the experiments was the ´La María´Experimental ranch, INTA Santiago del Estero Research Station, (28º 03’ S 64º 15’ E). Fire was applied in two study sites in 6 plots each. Fine fuel load, botanical composition, and fine fuel bulk density were estimated by sampling. Fire behavior was assessed by estimating forward rate of spread and flame length. These data were analysed using ANOVA with study site as independent variable. Correlation among variables was assessed using the Kendall’s ô correlation coefficient. Study sites presented a different botanical composition: plots were either dominated by Trichloris pluriflora (E.) Fournier, or by Pappophorum pappipherum (Lam.) Kuntze. Plant of these species possess different proportion of stems and leaves. These facts significantly affected fine fuel load, bulk density (p > F = 0,0001 in both cases) and the forward rate of spread (p > F = 0.0001). The latter was 27,62 m*min-1 in study site 1, where the first species dominated; and 21 m*.min-1 in study site 2, where the second dominated, respectively. Average flame length was 3,5 m, but reached 6 m when volatile shrubs ignited and participated in the propagation of fire. Correlations among forward rate of spread and fuel load with bulk density was positive and significant (p < 0,0001), but was not significant in the case of flame length. Fires were of high intensity and move fast and need blacklines or other indirect measures for control.
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