EFI logo

Metadata & Repository browser

found 5 records in 51 ms.

Title: European Mediterranean Disaster Information Network (EU-MEDIN) / EU-MEDIN
Language: English
Description: EU-MEDIN is an initiative of DG Research of the European Commission. The aim of EU-MEDIN is to foster co-ordination among the research and user communities for improved disaster preparedness and early warning, communication and rapid exchange of data and knowledge. EU-MEDIN is a portal to organize the recording of and provide access to the research results of EU-supported projects in the field of natural disasters (forest fires, floods, avalanches etc.). European R&D results and resources can be searched through a metadata database.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D11.1-1 Review of main sources of communication on fire and natural disasters in Europe /
Language: English
Description: The goal of the deliverable D11.1.1 is to make a review of main sources of communication. So this report tries to answer mainly the following question: who diffuses information on fires and natural disasters? This report is concerned by describing the main transmitters of information in the field of wildfires and natural disasters. The structure is as follows: - Presentation of the main theoretical hypothesis and fundamental research axes which have been chosen to guide our research; - Investigation with the partners of the Fire paradox consortium and the main findings; - Search for reports produced on the aspect of communication in the field of natural disasters and wildfires, including short summaries of these reports.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D11.1.2 First review of the general literature concerning communication on natural disasters /
Language: English
Description: N/A
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Deliverable reference and title: D11.1-4 Assessment of the literature and various media information concerning the communication on fire (especially fire paradox) /
Language: English
Description: We draw four conclusions and one general orientation from the analysis of the role of the media: 1/ The media prefer to give attention to factual information and “hot” news. The media – especially the TV – emphasize the most spectacular aspects of the events (propagation of huge flames, material damages, victims, evacuation of threatened people…) 2/ Always in order to attract the public’s attention, the media need to personify information. Indeed, the public is all the more sensitive to news about fire since it may identify itself, positively or negatively, to characters or persons evoked or shown in written – or TV – reports. In this identification process, the “collective imaginary” (E. Morin) is fed by two antinomic characters, the fireman-heroe and the pyromaniac-devil. Both of them appear frequently in the journalistic production. 3/ Just after the attracting step, the media try to act as “knowledge mediators”. Beyond the most spectacular sides of the wildfires’reality, the media try to popularize the key-topics linked to prevention and prevention policies. In this field, the media’ purpose is not to touch the public’s emotions or feelings any more; it’s henceforth to question its mind and to supply complex arguments to its understanding of reality. This journalistic practice is more difficult than the previous one; that’s why it’s nowadays less common. 4/ The media catalyse a necessary public debate about forest fires’ prevention. Nowadays, this debate remains still limited. But the increasing involvement of the media into the mediatization of prevention and new approaches of fire-fighting (“fire against fire”) will invite more and more citizens, more and more non-governmental organizations or associations, to take into account civil protection problematics and to open fruitful discussions with politicians and authorities in charge of such questions. Finally, the assessment of various media information concerning the communication on fire points out the three traditional functions of the media, that is the revealing function (the media as “enlarging lenses”), the popularizing function (the media as “knowledge mediators”) and the debate-catalysing function (the media as “modern Agora”). In the field of communication on fire, the media have already developed the first of these three functions; they need to reinforce the two others in a near future. For the media, that’s the main challenge to cope with.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D11.1-5 Report to the European Commission: synthesis of the state of the art /
Language: English
Description: First we present the classical communication approach which considers the process of communication mainly in a “mechanistic” way. At this stage we already propose a general theoretical framework which is very operational to develop a public awareness strategy in the field of wildland fires: we indicate main key points of the communication strategy in the case of wildfires. The review of the literature confirms that these key points are often used as a basis in applied communication strategies in the case of natural disasters. Secondly we insist on the role of the media since the media are nowadays the main channels of communication and they contribute to influence collective attitudes, perceptions or beliefs. We highlight the necessity to adapt the messages, the communication channels and tools to the categories of public. Then we show that it is necessary to go further by taking into account the complexity of the information system concerning communication on fire. A preliminary information system will be presented concerning communication on fire in France. And we propose to articulate this information system with the communication strategy by integrating the human dimensions of communication. Involving the stakeholders is very important for an efficient communication process. Finally all the preceding analyses and the lessons drawn from risk communication studies lead us to a new approach integrating different dimensions of communication, in particular risk, human relationship and the information system. In the conclusion we propose some first guidelines to define a public awareness strategy adapted to the Fire Paradox case.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher: