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Title: FIRE PARADOX Project Summary / An innovative approach of integrated wildland fire management regulating the wildfire problem by the wise use of fire: solving the fire paradox
Language: English
Description: Man has always used fire in nature but its misuse can end in catastrophe and, as a Finnish proverb says, "fire is a bad master but a good servant". Contemporary trends of fuel accumulation on the landscape caused by land abandonment are aggravated by efficient fire suppression, with the paradoxical effect of increasing the risk of large and devastating wildfires in the Mediterranean Basin. No matter how sophisticated it is fire fighting technology cannot cope with fire events occurring under extreme weather conditions, as the summers of 2003, 2004 and 2005 have shown. Past European research and practical experience in various countries highlight the need to design fire management and wildfire hazard mitigation policies adapted to the European situation. It is the ambition of FIRE PARADOX to contribute actively to set the bases for a fire management policy that would prevent the current disastrous social, economical and environmental consequences of wildfires in southern Europe.
Date: 20/02/2007
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats,OfficeDocument,TextDoc,Adobe Acrobat [.pdf]]
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Title: Regulating the wildfire problem by the wise use of fire / Fire Paradox Leaflet 2006
Language: English
Description: An Innovative Approach of Integrated Wildland Fire Management Regulating the Wildfire Problem by the Wise Use of Fire: Solving the Fire Paradox
Date: 27/02/2008
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats,OfficeDocument,TextDoc,Adobe Acrobat [.pdf]]
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Title: COST Action FP0701. Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe /
Language: English
Description: Cost Action FP0701, Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe, is a network of researchers and practitioners working in the field of fire ecology and forest management from all around Europe. The action commenced in May 2008 and will continue for four years. The main objective of this Action is to develop and disseminate scientifically-based decision criteria for post-fire management, applicable from stand-level to landscape-level planning. The short-term expected result is to increase the scientific basis for undertaking appropriate post-fire management practices in Southern Europe; the long-term expected result is to improve the effectiveness in restoring burned areas and reduce fire hazard in European forests and landscapes.
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Title: Partners in Protection /
Language: EnglishFrench
Description: Partners in Protection is a multi-disciplinary partnership committed to raising awareness, providing information, and developing forums with a view to encouraging proactive, community-based initiatives. The principal objective is to reduce risk of fire losses and enhance safety in the wildland-urban interface. Partners in Protection is an Alberta-based coalition of professionals representing national, provincial, and municipal associations and government agencies responsible for emergency services, land-use planning, and forest/park management and research. The website provides practical tools for building FireSmart communities.
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Title: Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council (AFAC) / AFAC
Language: English
Description: The AFAC is the peak body for public sector fire, land management and emergency service organisations in Australia and New Zealand. The organisation fosters and promotes an integrated approach to emergency service operations and business management by identifying opportunities to share knowledge, collaborate and optimise the use of resources. AFAC produces policies, guidelines and positions for adoption by Council. Its work also includes facilitation of collaborative purchasing and contract arrangements. AFAC plays a leading role in the development of educational aides, engineering models, training programs and professional development within the fire and emergency service industry. Information on these products and services is available on the website.
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Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
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Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
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Title: D11.1-1 Review of main sources of communication on fire and natural disasters in Europe /
Language: English
Description: The goal of the deliverable D11.1.1 is to make a review of main sources of communication. So this report tries to answer mainly the following question: who diffuses information on fires and natural disasters? This report is concerned by describing the main transmitters of information in the field of wildfires and natural disasters. The structure is as follows: - Presentation of the main theoretical hypothesis and fundamental research axes which have been chosen to guide our research; - Investigation with the partners of the Fire paradox consortium and the main findings; - Search for reports produced on the aspect of communication in the field of natural disasters and wildfires, including short summaries of these reports.
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Title: D11.1.2 First review of the general literature concerning communication on natural disasters /
Language: English
Description: N/A
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Title: Deliverable reference and title: D11.1-4 Assessment of the literature and various media information concerning the communication on fire (especially fire paradox) /
Language: English
Description: We draw four conclusions and one general orientation from the analysis of the role of the media: 1/ The media prefer to give attention to factual information and “hot” news. The media – especially the TV – emphasize the most spectacular aspects of the events (propagation of huge flames, material damages, victims, evacuation of threatened people…) 2/ Always in order to attract the public’s attention, the media need to personify information. Indeed, the public is all the more sensitive to news about fire since it may identify itself, positively or negatively, to characters or persons evoked or shown in written – or TV – reports. In this identification process, the “collective imaginary” (E. Morin) is fed by two antinomic characters, the fireman-heroe and the pyromaniac-devil. Both of them appear frequently in the journalistic production. 3/ Just after the attracting step, the media try to act as “knowledge mediators”. Beyond the most spectacular sides of the wildfires’reality, the media try to popularize the key-topics linked to prevention and prevention policies. In this field, the media’ purpose is not to touch the public’s emotions or feelings any more; it’s henceforth to question its mind and to supply complex arguments to its understanding of reality. This journalistic practice is more difficult than the previous one; that’s why it’s nowadays less common. 4/ The media catalyse a necessary public debate about forest fires’ prevention. Nowadays, this debate remains still limited. But the increasing involvement of the media into the mediatization of prevention and new approaches of fire-fighting (“fire against fire”) will invite more and more citizens, more and more non-governmental organizations or associations, to take into account civil protection problematics and to open fruitful discussions with politicians and authorities in charge of such questions. Finally, the assessment of various media information concerning the communication on fire points out the three traditional functions of the media, that is the revealing function (the media as “enlarging lenses”), the popularizing function (the media as “knowledge mediators”) and the debate-catalysing function (the media as “modern Agora”). In the field of communication on fire, the media have already developed the first of these three functions; they need to reinforce the two others in a near future. For the media, that’s the main challenge to cope with.
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Title: D11.1-5 Report to the European Commission: synthesis of the state of the art /
Language: English
Description: First we present the classical communication approach which considers the process of communication mainly in a “mechanistic” way. At this stage we already propose a general theoretical framework which is very operational to develop a public awareness strategy in the field of wildland fires: we indicate main key points of the communication strategy in the case of wildfires. The review of the literature confirms that these key points are often used as a basis in applied communication strategies in the case of natural disasters. Secondly we insist on the role of the media since the media are nowadays the main channels of communication and they contribute to influence collective attitudes, perceptions or beliefs. We highlight the necessity to adapt the messages, the communication channels and tools to the categories of public. Then we show that it is necessary to go further by taking into account the complexity of the information system concerning communication on fire. A preliminary information system will be presented concerning communication on fire in France. And we propose to articulate this information system with the communication strategy by integrating the human dimensions of communication. Involving the stakeholders is very important for an efficient communication process. Finally all the preceding analyses and the lessons drawn from risk communication studies lead us to a new approach integrating different dimensions of communication, in particular risk, human relationship and the information system. In the conclusion we propose some first guidelines to define a public awareness strategy adapted to the Fire Paradox case.
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Title: D11.3-1-18-1000 First draft assessment on the efficiency of new technologies and media to communicate (especially about fire) /
Language: English
Description: The main objective of the present deliverable D11.3-1 is to propose an analysis of the efficiency of new technologies and media to communicate in the field of wildfires, fire-fighting activities and prevention. More precisely, our concern is: communication tools on the Internet. We should remember that the present deliverable is centred only on technical aspects and not on the communication strategy. First we analyse some existing communication tools on the Internet in order to observe their characteristics (forms but also content) in the perspective of efficient on line communication. Thanks to our research on existing tools and on communication strategies we have come to the conclusion that new media based on Internet are essential for communicating to the general public on the wildfire management. Internet is interesting not only to diffuse information but also to have a strong relationship with people. Concerning more specifically FIRE PARADOX, an official Web site has been available since the beginning of the project but it has been intended mainly to the members of the consortium. So it is important to create other on-line communication tools for the general public. More generally the consortium decided, in Cagliari, to develop a Multimedia On line Platform. A first step is to analyse the fundamental characteristics of communication tools on Internet. Then we study the possible specifications for a prototype. We analyse various possible functionalities/tools first generally for a Web site, then according to the public and finally according to marketing aspects. This study leads us to the presentation of the CMS Tool called SPIP chosen to develop a prototype; and we propose a first version of a prototype. Finally, in the conclusion, we present the main choices made concerning the on line tools for communicating on FIRE PARADOX. The present deliverable has contributed to the conception and realisation of the Fire Paradox portal and has permitted to advance the work on some examples of communication tools.
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