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Title: D7.1-1.1-36 List and classification of the existing EU and national forest legislation and national policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires /
Language: English
Description: A compilation and classification was made of existing regulations and policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires, both in North African countries and for Europe. Since wildland fire issues are mainly dealt within national forest policies, this analysis has mainly focused on the national scale, although the existence of different multilevel governance structures make it necessary to address the issue on a regional level in decentralized countries. Thus, three types of regulatory texts are identified as relevant for the Integrated Wildland Fire Management: (i) Basic Forest Legislation, (ii) Basic Wildland Fire Legislation, and (iii) Specific Legislation on the Use of Fire. Concerning policy instruments, two planning documents have been considered: National/Regional Forest Programmes and specific plans concerning defence and protection against wildfires. Its typology depends on (i) the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies, and (ii) the responsibility allocation within each national governance structure (situation of decentralization). The compilation and classification of these documents was based on the information obtained from a questionnaire sent to the national experts of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the Commission, and on other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. The review of existing wildland fire legal and policy instruments in 21 EU countries and three North African countries has identified the following key issues: (1) The existence of a range of definitions related to wildland fire management, with different meanings in different European settings as well as differing legal terminology for these terms. (2) The importance of the structure of national governance. The degree of decentralization will determine where the responsibilities are allocated and how they are developed. Therefore, the structure of national governance will be one of the main factors guiding future assessment of national forest policies. (3) The influence of the European Union in national forest policies through EU regulations dealing with specific aspects of the forest sector or forest-related issues, as a complement to national activities, where necessary. (4) There is a great diversity among the regulatory texts and policy instruments related to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires in European and North African countries, due to the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies and the different wildfire risk in each national/regional context. (5) Few of the analysed countries have a specific wildland fire law or regulation. Most of them deal with wildfires within their Forest Laws, through a specific chapter dedicated to wildfires (Southern countries) or in a general chapter on forest protection (Northern countries). (6) There are some countries that do not yet have a specific policy for wildland fires, but progress on forest policy is noted in all the countries included in the report. (7) The compilation of policy instruments shows that 12 of 17 countries considered in the document have a specific wildland fire plan or strategy; these are often linked to national forest policy. (8) Regulation of the use of fire in Europe, although extensive, has focused almost exclusively on the regulation of activities that involve the use of fire in wildland areas or close to these areas (i.e. fire for recreation, alimentation purposes or traditional rural practices). However, fire use for forest management, wildfire prevention and for wildfire suppression receives little attention in legislation. When addressed, it is usually authorized but not regulated, possibly due to the recent development of these perspectives in the continent.
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Title: Deliverable D.7.1-1-2 Assessment document on the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and policy instruments concerning integrated wildland fire management in the EU, in European Member States and in North African countries /
Language: English
Description: Wildfires are one of the main risks affecting European forests, particularly in the Mediterranean countries. Socio-economic changes, some forest management actions and other policy measures outside the forest sector (i.e. environmental and nature protection policies) have generally influenced the flammability of ecosystems and increased the risk of large wildfires. Policy and legislation have great relevance in fire management in order to face the new realities that are bringing about fundamental changes within the forest sector. This document is the second step in the analysis process of the existing European and national legislation and policy instruments with reference to wildland fires. The first step was the compilation and classification of the related documents. This document presents the assessment of the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and policy outputs in order to consider their contributions to integrated wildland fire management. The assessment is based on the information obtained through a questionnaire sent to the national representatives of the Expert Group on Forest Fires (a group linked to the European Forest Fire Information System, EFFIS, established by the Joint Research Centre, JRC, of the European Commission), national fire technicians and other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. The territorial scope covers the European Union including its 27 Member States and a representation of the North African countries through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. However, not all the EU-countries are included in the present document due to the lack of official information. The scales considered for the analysis are the European Union context and the national level. The assessment of the wildfire related legislation and policy instruments has tried to address, considering not only the sometimes limited information available but also, and most important, the general descriptive and self-complementary tone of the primary material analyzed, the following issues: (1) Are existing legislation and policies adapted to the specific national contexts? (2) Are policies and legislations implemented and enforced correctly? (3) Are national policies iterative and participatory processes? Is the legal framework open to revision and dynamic? (4) Which are the major fire-related issues considered in order to achieve Integrated Wildland Fire Management? (5) Is there effective cross-sectoral coordination among the different organizations working on wildland fires? (6) The responsibility for reducing the likelihood and consequence of wildfires is appropriately shared between the public administration and private land owners/managers. As a result of the analysis of the existing wildland fire legal and policy instruments the following strengths and weakness have been identified: (1) There are shortcomings in national regulations that need to be sorted out in order to provide a useful, self-contained and common wildfire legal framework for the Member States. This statement is especially evident as regards prescribed fire and suppression fire regulations. (2) Even though the European legislation has contributed to homogenize national legal frameworks, there are still important differences among countries. The comprehensiveness and scope of national regulations is above all different if Mediterranean countries (including France and Bulgaria, which share similar problems) are compared with other European countries. (3) Most forestry-related documents hardly ever mention wildfire management. In fact, there are some countries that do not have a specific policy for wildland fires yet, but some progress is to be noticed in all countries as wildfires are becoming a growing problem. (4) The diverse risk severity of wildfires in the national contexts and the different political and administrative systems existing in each country justify to some extent the differing scope of each country's national legal and policy instruments. Besides, the vagueness of the concept of sustainable forest management allows for the introduction of taylored practices in different contexts, let alone the reference to the diverse environmental circumstances in Europe that many that EU documents have incorporated. (5)Lack of an effective coordination among the different units dealing with wildland fires is clearly a weak point. Further, problems of coordination are aggravated by the fact that many countries have federal systems (multilevel governance frequently leads to time-consuming processes and sub-optimal results) or are undergoing decentralization trends. (6) Regarding community-based cooperation, organized groups of local stakeholders are emerging especially in Mediterranean countries. These groups contribute to fire management as a result of instrumental motivation, or self-interest. Furthermore, some common ecological and socio-economical patterns have been recognised at the regional level, which will be used to provide recommendations for the future and to set the basis for a new legislation and policy measures relative to integrated wildland fire management, adapted to each territorial context.
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Title: D7.1-2.1 List and classification of the existing EU and national policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression or prescribed fires /
Language: English
Description: This report was prepared as part of IP FIRE PARADOX (2006-2010), in the section related with Policies and Practices Assessment (Module 7). The overall objective of the FIRE PARADOX project is to set the basis for the analysis of wildfire policy instruments at the national and European level in order to provide recommendations for long-term policy measures and to encourage a shift towards integrated wildland fire management adapted to specific territorial contexts. For this purpose, it was necessary to compile, list and classify the existing policy instruments in North African countries and on the pan-European scale with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires. In Europe, there is no common forest policy. The development of forest policies, and therefore wildland fire issues, is the responsibility of Member States. However, the European Union can have an influence directly or indirectly and complement national forest policy processes through the approval of regulations, directives and action plans. As wildland fire issues are mainly dealt with as a part of national forest policies, the existence and typology of the national forest planning documents depends on (¡) the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies and (ii) the responsibility allocation within each national governance structure (situation of decentralization). Two planning documents comprise the main policy instruments in relation with wildfires: National/Regional Forest Programmes and specific plans concerning defence and protection against wildfires. The compilation and classification of these documents is based on the information obtained through a questionnaire sent to the national experts of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the Commission, and other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. This review of existing wildland fire policy instruments has identified the following key issues: • There is a wide range of definitions of wildland fire topics among the different countries considered in the report. Each uses its own terminology, and in many cases the meaning of terminology is not set forth in law. Carrying out a review of documents from a large number of countries demonstrated the importance of setting clear definitions for basic terms. • The structure of national governance is crucial. The degree of decentralization determines where responsibilities are allocated and how they are developed. Therefore, multilevel governance structure will be one of the main factors guiding future assessment of national forest policies. • There are some countries that do not yet have a specific policy for wildland fires, but progress on forest policy is noted in all the countries included in the report. • The compilation of policy instruments shows that 8 of 12 countries considered in the document have a specific wildland fire plan or strategy; these are often linked to national forest policy. There is a great diversity among the existing policy instruments related to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires in European and North African countries. The risk severity of wildfires in the national contexts and the different political and administrative systems existing in each country justify the differing scope of each country’s national policy instruments. Here, we present a first version of the list and classification of the national policy instruments based on the information obtained from Bulgaria, Cyprus, France, Latvia, Lithuania, Morocco, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Tunisia.
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Title: D 7.1-3.7 Guidelines to mitigate personal risk in prescribed burning and suppression fire /
Language: English
Description: This report is a contribution to define the major measures in job hazard abatement actions that should be implemented when we use fire as either vegetation management or suppression tool. Both prescribed fire and suppression fires are the updated versions of several traditional practices. This modern and technical use involves safety items for both fire workers and nearby residents. If we accept that a major move towards solving the fire paradox is using fire wisely, we should work on best job hazard abatement actions. To do so, we will address in this study, two main constraints: (1) the opposition and distrust from both the workers who have to apply these techniques (i.e., firefighters, land managers, policy makers), and residents and others stakeholders who may be affected by smoke or fire; and (2) the fact that European laws (and from other countries too) mandate proper work in safety issues. The first problem to be solved is the lacking of specific regulations regarding fire use (in many countries) in both forestry and labor ruling. Some people do consider this equal to formal exclusion of fire use. On the contrary, we propose to go beyond and apply the general ruling from EEC Directive 81/391. In doing so, we will promote the developing of specific regulations regarding fire use, like there are in other economic activities in both governmental and private sectors.
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Title: Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) /
Language: English
Description: The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) provides a global portal for wildland fire documentation, information and monitoring and is publicly accessible through the Internet. The regularly updated national to global wildland fire products of the GFMC are generated by a worldwide network of cooperating institutions. The online and offline products include: (1) Early warning of fire danger and near-real time monitoring of fire events, (2) Interpretation, synthesis and archive of global fire information, (3) Support of local, national and international entities to develop long-term strategies or policies for wildland fire management, (4) Serve as advisory body to the UN system through the coordination of the UN-ISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group and the ISDR Global Wildland Fire Network, (5) Emergency hotline and liaison capabilities for providing assistance for rapid assessment and decision support in response to wildland fire emergencies.
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Title: Regulating the wildfire problem by the wise use of fire / Fire Paradox Leaflet 2006
Language: English
Description: An Innovative Approach of Integrated Wildland Fire Management Regulating the Wildfire Problem by the Wise Use of Fire: Solving the Fire Paradox
Date: 27/02/2008
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats,OfficeDocument,TextDoc,Adobe Acrobat [.pdf]]
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Title: COST Action FP0701. Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe /
Language: English
Description: Cost Action FP0701, Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe, is a network of researchers and practitioners working in the field of fire ecology and forest management from all around Europe. The action commenced in May 2008 and will continue for four years. The main objective of this Action is to develop and disseminate scientifically-based decision criteria for post-fire management, applicable from stand-level to landscape-level planning. The short-term expected result is to increase the scientific basis for undertaking appropriate post-fire management practices in Southern Europe; the long-term expected result is to improve the effectiveness in restoring burned areas and reduce fire hazard in European forests and landscapes.
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Title: Video_Presribed Burning_Spain_Cuevas Caballero / Video_Quema Prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Pico Gorra / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Pico Gorra
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near San Mateo in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was infrastructure protection and fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Pico Gorra_2 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Pico Gorra_2
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near San Mateo in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was infrastructure protection and fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevos Caballero_2 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevos Caballero_2
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_3 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_3
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_4 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_4
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_5 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_5
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a high intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fire ecology research in Canarian Pine ecosystems.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_6 / Video_Quema prescrita_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_6
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a high intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fire ecology research in Canarian Pine ecosystems.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire front propagation in a marine pine natural regeneration, 2 minutes after the manoeuvre beginning. Caminha wildfirePropagazione del fronte su una rigenerazione naturale di pino marittimo, due minuti dopo l’inizio della manovra. Incendio di CaminhaPropagação da frente em regeneração natural de pinheiro bravo, 2 minutos após o início da manobra. Incêndio de Caminha
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Title: PiroPinus version 2.0 /
Language: English
Description: PiroPinus is a prescribed burning guide for maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) stands in the form of a spreadsheet, conceived for operational use in the planning and evaluation of hazard reduction burns in natural fuels, i.e. slash from pruning or thinning is not present. It can also be used as a research tool for fire modelling purposes. Potential users are urged to try the guide in other medium- to long-needled pines (P. pinea, P. canariensis, P. radiata, P. nigra, P. halepensis), especially when the understorey is composed of Mediterranean-type species. PiroPinus is a all-in-one user-friendly tool that integrates models based on observed, real-world, fire behaviour and effects. Unlike other available tools, PiroPinus has the ability to: 1. Reflect local stand and fuel conditions in the output; 2. Assess the likelihood of sustained fire spread and quantify marginal burning conditions. Fire modelling systems using properly developed custom fuel models can be used to obtain accurate estimates of fire behaviour. However, such systems perform poorly at the high-end of the moisture content range and are not able to produce site-specific estimates. PiroPinus is composed of several interrelated or stand-alone worksheets for distinct objectives: (1) FUEL. Data entry of basic fuel and stand descriptors to assess fuel load and fire behaviour and effects; (2) RX WIN. Prescription window (general burning conditions); (3) RX DEV. Prescription development, the definition of burning conditions to avoid undesired fire impacts on trees and the forest floor; (4) MOIST. Fuel moisture content, to estimate the moisture contents of surface fine dead fuels and decomposing litter; (5) FIRE. Ignition and fire behaviour, to assess the likelihood of fire spread and quantify fire characteristics; (6) IGN PLAN. Assessment and optimization of area treatment rate; (7) TREES. Fire impact on trees, to assess canopy damage and mortality; (8) FUEL DYN. Fuel dynamics, to estimate fuel consumption and post-burn accumulation; (9) POST-FIRE. Post-burn assessment of fire behaviour and effects; (10) WEATH. Wind speed estimation and Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (for regional planning).
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Propagation in the head with high intensity, moments before the suppression fire operation.Propagation sur la tête avec une intensité élevée, avant l’allumage d’un contre-feu.Propagación en la cabeza con una elevada intensidad, antes del encendido de un contrafuego.Propagazione della testa con un’alta intensità, prima della manovra di contro- fuoco.Propagação na cabeça com elevada intensidade, momentos antes da manobra de contra-fogo.Διάδοση στο μέτωπο με υψηλή ένταση, στιγμές πριν από τον ελιγμό της πυρκαγιάς καταστολής.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-1_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-3_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Aude_France /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Aude, France, including meteorology, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Fontaubella_Spain /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in La Torre de Fontaubella, Spain, including meteorology, timing, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Ogern_Spain /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Orgern, Spain, including meteorology, timing, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Northumberland_UK /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Northumberland, United Kingdom, including a description of the scenario, meteorological conditions, map of fire behaviour and photos illustrating the highlights. The target was to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire.
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Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-2_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
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Title: Deliverable 5.4-2 Recommendations for prescribed burning mapping in Mediterranean-type natural vegetation and forests (merged with D5.4-3). /
Language: English
Description: The assessment of the landscape by means of fire hazard classification over time, can form a useful basis for integrated fire management planning and fire protection, including prescribed burning application planning. In some regions of South Africa these procedures have reduced wildfire damage with more than 80% over more than one decade. Similar assessment procedures - with the aid of mapping - are also recommended for European countries, where burnable areas exceed 10 000 ha.
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Title: D7.1-1.3-43 Basis to start the process for a proposal of a new legislation at EU level /
Language: English
Description: The previous deliverables (D.7.1.-1.1 and D.7.1-1.2) that review and assess the legislation and policy instruments concerning integrated wildland fire management (IWM) have identified the components of the legal frameworks, the existing legal gaps and the contribution of forest policies to IWM at European and national levels. Based on this previous work, deliverable D7.1-1.3 will focus on establishing the basis from which to start a proposal for new legislation in order to achieve an integrated wildland fire management adapted to the European context.
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Title: D7.1-3.1 Collection, classification and mapping of the current prescribed fire and suppression fire practices in Europe /
Language: English
Description: This document is the first step in the research on prescribed burning and suppression fire practices in European and North African countries, which will be followed by several deliverables: (i) an in-depth analysis of this type of practices, taking into consideration legal and political issues, as well as the influence of the spatial and socioeconomic factors, to be delivered in February of 2008; (ii) the elaboration of recommendations for the development of prescribed burning and suppression fire practices in European and North African countries, at the regional scale, in February of 2009; (iii) and finally a recording system and a handbook of good practices related to both uses, foreseen for August of 2009.
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Title: D8.2-1 Requirements concerning aerial observation /
Language: English
Description: This document about the aerial observation is a synthesis of needs, technical possibilities and constraints.
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Title: Deliverable 10.4-1-40 Guidelines for exchanges between fire managers /
Language: English
Description: N/A
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Title: Deliverable 13.4-2-40 Compilation of the Magazine on Fire Use during Suppression in different regions /
Language: English
Description: In these years of the Fire Paradox project many magazines has been published. The aim of publishing this magazine is to put jointly some practices, experiences and real cases of the treatment in the forest fires and their management. The magazine is a good tool to the fire-fighters members in order to extend the knowledge on the forest fires and the extinction and share the experience and the lessons learned, that it is a pillar to learn from the past.
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Title: Deliverable 13.4-4-40 Guideline on planning and executing FIRE use in suppressing large fires /
Language: English
Description: In this deliverable, we will explain the key factors for success in the wildland fire control: 1. a pro-active attitude to forecast fire behaviour changes and 2. a high standard in learning and training in wildland fire propagation.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Manoeuvre with fire supported by a fireline made by hand tools in the left flank of Verdelhos wildfireUso del fuoco con appoggio di una fascia eseguita con l’uso di utensili manuali, sul fianco sinistro dell’incendio di VerdelhosUso do fogo com apoio de uma faixa executada com ferramentas manuais, no flanco esquerdo do incêndio de Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Ribeira de Pena: Firefighter going on with the fire manoeuvreRibeira de Pena: pompiere impegnato nella continuazione della manovraRibeira de Pena: Bombeiro na continuação da manobra
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fireline opened by Canarinhos during a down slope tactic fire manoeuvre in Verdelhos wildfireApertura della fascia da parte della squadra delle Canarie in una manovra con utilizzo del fuoco in contropendenza. Incendio di VerdelhosAbertura de faixa pelos Canarinhos em manobra de uso do fogo contra o declive no incêndio de Verdelhos
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Fire use manoeuvre, wildfire of Aljezur, Faro district.Manœuvre d’utilisation du feu, incendie de Aljezur, dans le district de Faro.Maniobra de utilización del fuego, incendio de Aljezur, en el distrito de Farro.Uso del fuoco, incendio di Aljezur, nel distretto di Faro.Manobra de uso do fogo, incêndio de Aljezur, distrito de Faro. Ελιγμός πυρκαγιάς, σε φωτιά στο Aljezur, στην περιοχή Faro.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Consolidation of the final perimeter with the use of fire in Verdelhos wildfireConsolidamento del perimetro finale dell’incendio di Verdelhos con uso del fuocoConsolidação do perímetro final do incêndio de Verdelhos com uso de fogo
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: In the first plan, a secondary upslope fire head propagation. In the second plan a fire manoeuvre. In the left side, the distance between the wildfire and the fire manoeuvre is increasing substantially, increasing the pine stand burned area as well. Ribeira de Pena wildfireIn primo piano, una piccola testa secondaria con propagazione a favore del pendio. In secondo piano, manovra con uso del fuoco. Sulla sinistra, la distanza tra l’incendio e la manovra aumenta in maniera significativa: ciò provoca l’aumento della superficie del popolamento che deve essere bruciata. Incendio di Ribeira de PenaEm primeiro plano, uma pequena cabeça secundária com propagação a favor do declive. Em segundo plano a manobra com fogo. À esquerda a distância entre o incêndio e a manobra aumenta de maneira significativa, o que faz aumentar a superfície do povoamento que vai ser queimada. Incêndio de Ribeira de Pena
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Verdelhos: Canarinhos special firefighters team supporting and doing the surveillance during a tactical fire manoeuvreVerdelhos: squadra di pompieri provenienti dalle Canarie con funzione di appoggio e vigilanza durante la manovra effettuata con uso del fuocoVerdelhos : Equipa de Bombeiros Canarinhos em apoio e vigilância durante a manobra de uso do fogo
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Beginning of a fire manoeuvre in a forest path on the right flank. Photography took by the manoeuvre author, working alone, taking advantage of the wind direction without the need of water support in Caminha wildfireInizio della manovra con uso del fuoco nel fianco destro su un sentiero forestale. Fotografia scattata dallo stesso autore della manovra, che ha lavorato da solo in questo settore, approfittando della direzione del vento senza la necessità di appoggio d’acqua. Incendio di CaminhaInício de manobra com fogo no flanco direito em caminho florestal. Fotografia tirada pelo autor da manobra, a trabalhar sozinho neste sector, aproveitando a direcção do vento sem necessidade de apoio com água no incêndio de Caminha
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S004 /
Language: en
Description: The speaker during the vision of the extract of the Film “Fire against the fire”Les orateurs pendant la projection de l’extrait du film « Le feu contre le feu »Los oradores durante la proyección del extracto de la película “El fuego contra el fuego”Gli oratori durante la visione dell’estratto del film “ Il fuoco contro il fuoco”Oradores a visualizarem o extracto do filme “O fogo contra o fogo”
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Ribeira de Pena: Downslope fire manoeuvre made by firefighters, in a bend forest path, giving to the fire this circular shapeRibeira de Pena: manovra effettuata dai pompieri in contropendenza, sulla curva di una pista forestale, conferendogli una forma circolareRibeira de Pena: Manobra efectuada pelos bombeiros, contra o declive, numa curva em caminho florestal, dando-lhe esta forma circular
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire manoeuvre with the support of a clean eucalyptus areaManoeuvre de feu tactique avec le support d'une zone dégagée d'eucalyptus, à OurémManovra di fuoco tattico con appoggio in un’ area di eucalyptus a OurémManobra de fogo táctico com apoio num eucaliptal limpo, em OurémΤακτικός ελιγμός της φωτιάς με την υποστήριξη μίας καθαρής περιοχής ευκαλύπτων
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Continuation of the downslope fire manoeuvre, with a slow fire spread under canopy of a marine pine stand, against the wildfire, which is not possible to see in the photography. Ribeira de Pena WildfireContinuazione della linea del fuoco sul versante, con propagazione lenta su un popolamento di pino marittimo, in direzione dell’incendio (che non si riesce a scorgere dalla fotografia). Incendio di Ribeira de PenaContinuação da linha de fogo na descendente, com propagação lenta em povoamento de pinheiro bravo, em direcção ao incêndio que não se consegue ver na fotografia. Incêndio de Ribeira de Pena
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Slopover, extinguished by two people, one of them opening a fireline with a hand tool and the other using the fireline as a support to a fire manoeuvreSalto di fuoco, spento da due persone: una delle due ha aperto una fascia con utensili manuali verso il salto e l’altra ha usato la fascia come appoggio per l’utilizzo del fuocoSalto de fogo, extinto por duas pessoas, uma delas abrindo uma faixa com ferramenta manual à volta do salto e a outra usando a faixa como apoio para o uso do fogo
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire manoeuvre in Ribeira de Pena WildfireManovra con utilizzo del fuoco sull’Incendio di Ribeira de PenaManobra com fogo no Incêndio de Ribeira de Pena
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: In the second plan a flank hotline and the first plan the consolidation of the final perimeter with fireVerdelhos: in secondo piano il fianco dell’incendio e in primo piano il consolidamento del perimetro finale con uso del fuocoVerdelhos: Em segundo plano o flanco do incêndio e em primeiro plano a consolidação do perímetro final com fogo
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Suppression fire manoeuvre, wildfire with the head on the left of the image.Manœuvre de contre-feu, avec la tête de l’incendie à gauche.Maniobra de contrafuego, con la cabeza del incendio a la izquierda.Manovra di contro-fuoco e a sinistra le testa dell’incendio.Manobra de contra-fogo, com a cabeça do incêndio à esquerda da imagem. Ελιγμός πυρκαγιάς καταστολής, στην πυρκαγιά με το μέτωπο στα αριστερά της εικόνας.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: Fire use manoeuvre for final consolidation of the perimeter with the support of a path.Utilisation du feu pour consolider le périmètre final en appui sur un chemin.Utilización del fuego para consolidar el perímetro final con la apoyo de un camino.Uso del fuoco per consolidare il perimetro finale con appoggio sul sentiero.Manobra de uso de fogo para consolidação do perímetro final, com apoio num aceiro. Χρήση ελιγμού της πυρκαγιάς, με στόχο την τελική σταθεροποίηση της περιμέτρου με την υποστήριξη μονοπατιού.
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Title: Deliverable D9.1-4-1000 Guidelines for prescribed burning for the specific vegetation types assessed within the FIRE PARADOX community /
Language: English
Description: In this paper guidelines for prescribed burning inside pine stands are provided for Southern Africa. Where applicable, these guidelines have been extended to Mediterranean countries in Europe, where pine stands are growing under near-similar conditions, in related natural vegetation bases. It was determined that - where pine trees were established in dynamic grasslands - fire can be applied without damage to the trees when the trees are still relatively young, but that is not the case when pine trees are growing inside a shrubland vegetation base. In the case of the latter existence of a significant percentage of the base vegetation present, may force postponement of the earliest burning date to a stage when tree crown canopies have suppressed most of this vegetation. Subsequently the degree of crown canopy closure was found to be the major influencing factor in determining the degree of difficulty of prescribed burning inside pine stands: The closer the tree crown canopy, the easier it will be to apply fire with an acceptable degree of safety. Adversely, it was determined that the more dominant natural vegetation (particularly shrubland) was present inside pine stands, the more difficult it will be to apply prescribed burning inside stands without damage to the trees, and that tree mortality could be possible (de Ronde et al. 1990; de Ronde et al. 2004b). Photoseries, forest floor classifications and fuel classifications have been identified as useful fuel-assessment tools for the application of prescribed fire with confidence and - where these do not exist at a regional scale - the development of such fire management tools is strongly recommended (de Ronde, 2008a). The relative role of cambium damage and tree crown scorch have also been presented in this paper, by species, vegetation base, tree age and tree growth rate (tree size). Recommendations have also been provided how to restrict fire damage to trees under various burning conditions and tree stand characteristics. These recommendations were also extended to certain regions within some Mediterranean countries (de Ronde, 1988; de Ronde et al., 1990).
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Fire manoeuvre, from the left flank to the head, with the support of the firefighters.Utilisation du feu, du flanc gauche vers la tête, avec le soutien des pompiers.Utilización del fuego, del lado izquierdo hacia la cabeza, con el apoyo de los bomberos.Utilizzo del fuoco, dal fianco sinistro verso la testa con l’appoggio dei pompieri.Manobra de fogo, do flanco esquerdo para a cabeça, com apoio dos bombeiros.Ελιγμός της πυρκαγιάς, από το αριστερό πλευρό στο κέντρο, με την υποστήριξη των πυροσβεστών.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S001 /
Language: en
Description: The Fire Paradox base for the year 2007 takes place in COTF in Lousã. In yellow, the vehicles of the suppression fire team.La base Fire Paradox de 2007 est installée au COTF de Lousã. En jaune, les véhicules des équipes de contre-feu.La base de Fire Paradox esta instalada en el COTF de Lousã. En amarillo, los coches de los equipos de contra fuego.La base di Fire Paradox è installata nel COTF di Lousã. In giallo, le macchine delle squadre impegnate nel controfuoco.A base Fire Paradox de 2007 é instalada no COTF da Lousã. Em amarelo, os veículos das equipas de fogo de supressão.
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Title: Lousã 2008 resource /
Language: en
Description: Wildfire of Ribeira de Pena, district of Vila Real, August, 28th of 2008: Use of fire by FirefightersIncendio di Ribeira de Pena, distretto di Vila Real, 28 Agosto 2008: i pompieri usano il fuocoIncêndio de Ribeira de Pena, distrito de Vila Real, 28 de Agosto de 2008: Uso do fogo pelos Bombeiros
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S007 /
Language: en
Description: Zone of anchorage of the suppression fire Zone d'ancrage du contre-feuZona de anclaje del contrafuego Zona di ancoraggio del contro-fuoco Zona de ancoragem do contra-fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S008 /
Language: en
Description: Manoeuvres of the GAUF with suppression fire in the left flank of the head of the wildfire Manoeuvre du GAUF avec du feu dans le flanc gauche de la tête de l’incendieManiobra del GAUF con fuego en el flanco izquierdo de la cabeza del incendio Manovra del GAUF con fuoco nel fianco sinistro della testa dell’ incendio Manobra do GAUF com fogo no flanco esquerdo da cabeça do incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Beginning of the suppression fire manoeuvre, with widening of the burned zone Commencement de la manoeuvre de feu tactique, avec élargissement de la zone brûléePrincipio de la maniobra del fuego táctico, con ensanchar de la zona quemada Inizio della manovra di contro-fuoco, con espansione della zona bruciata Início da manobra de fogo táctico, com alargamento da zona queimada
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: suppression fire Manoeuvremanoeuvre du feu tactiquemaniobra del fuego táctico manovra del contro-fuocomanobra de fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: suppression fire next to a line (in foreground) and lateral front of the fire of Sertã (at the bottom of the image)feu tactique le long d’un pare-feu (dans le premier plan) et front latéral de l’incendie de Sertã (au fond de l'image)fuego táctico al lado de una faja (en primer plan) y frente lateral del incendio de Sertã (en el fundo del imagen) contro-fuoco vicino ad una fascia (in primo piano) e fronte laterale dell’ incendio di Sertã (in fondo all’ immagine) fogo táctico junto a uma faixa (em primeiro plano) e frente lateral do incêndio da Sertã (ao fundo da imagem)
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire manoeuvre in GouveiaManoeuvre de feu tactique à GouveiaManiobra del fuego táctico en GouveiaManovra di contro-fuoco in GouveiaManobra de fogo táctico em Gouveia
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Portuguese and Argentine members of a GAUF team conduct surveillance during the tactical fire operation in GouveiaMembres portugais et argentin d'une équipe GAUF reffectuant la surveillance pendant l'opération du feu tactique à GouveiaMiembros portugués y de Argentina de uno equipa GAUF para llevar con la supervisión durante la operación del fuego táctico en GouveiaUn membro argentino e uno portoghese facenti parte della squadra GAUF realizzano operazioni di controllo durante le operazioni di fuoco tatticoMembros português e argentino de uma equipa GAUF a realizar vigilância durante a operação de fogo táctico em Gouveia
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: A fireman and a member GAUF at the beginning of the tactical fire in Gouveia manoeuvre evaluate the conditions of accomplishment with the fire behindUn pompier et un membre GAUF au début de la manoeuvre du feu tactique à Gouveia évaluent les conditions de l'accomplissement avec le feu derrièreUn bombero y un miembro GAUF al principio de la maniobra del fuego táctico en Gouveia evalúan las condiciones de la realización con el fuego detrás deUn vigile del fuoco e un membro GAUF all'inizio della manovra di fuoco tattico valutano gli stati della realizzazione con il fuoco alle spalleUm bombeiro e um membro GAUF no início da manobra de fogo táctico avaliam as condições de realização com o incêndio atrás
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Preparation of the line to start the tactical fire in a eucalyptus zone, to fight the fire of CinfãesPréparation de la ligne pour initier le feu tactique dans une zone d'eucalyptus, pour combattre l’incendie de CinfãesPreparación de la línea para dar el principio al fuego táctico en una zona del eucalipto, para luchar el incendio de CinfãesPreparazione della linea in cui si attiverà il fuoco tattico in una zona di eucalyptus, per combattere il fuoco di CinfãesPreparação da linha para dar início ao fogo táctico num eucaliptal, para combater o incêndio de Cinfães
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire manoeuvre to fight the backfiresManoeuvre du feu tactique pour combattre l’incendie en second planManiobra táctica del fuego táctica para luchar el incendio detrás de el cual encuentraManovra di fuoco tattico per combattere il fuoco alle spalleManobra de fogo táctico para combater o incêndio que se encontra atrás
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Fire on the left of the image, manoeuvre of the tactical fire on the right of the image and second tactical fire supported in a road, in foregroundIncendie à côté gauche de l'image, manoeuvre de feu tactique du côté droit de l'image et second feu tactique en lieu en appui sur une route, au premier planIncendio en la izquierda de la imagen, maniobra del fuego táctico en la derecha de la imagen y segundo fuego táctico en lugar apoyado en un camino, en el primer planFuoco a sinistra dell'immagine, manovra di fuoco tattico a destra dell'immagine e secondo fuoco tattico sostenuto su strada, in primo pianoIncêndio à esquerda da imagem, manobra de fogo táctico à direita da imagem e segundo fogo táctico apoiada numa estrada, em primeiro plano
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Anjos - Vieira do Minho: blazing a trail for an eventual tactical fireAnjos - Vieira do Minho: préparation d'un layon pour un éventuel feu tactiqueAnjos - Vieira do Minho: preparación de un camino para un eventual fuego tácticoAnjos - Vieira do Minho: preparazione di un sentiero per un possibile fuoco tatticoAnjos - Vieira do Minho: preparação de um trilho para um eventual fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire to create a safe perimeter in paths to prevent a new fireFeu tactique pour créer un périmètre sécurisé sur des chemins pour empêcher des reprises de feuFuego táctico para crear un perímetro seguro en caminos para prevenir un nuevo fuegoFuoco tattico per creare un perimetro sicuro in sentieri per prevenire un nuovo incendioFogo táctico para criar um perímetro seguro em caminhos para evitar reacendimentos
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire which has caused a secondary fire 15 hours before and 40 hours after, the dead layer remained hot inside of the safe perimeter in Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoFeu tactique qui a généré un foyer secondaire,15 heures après. 40 heures plus tard, la litière est demeurée chaude à l’intérieur du périmètre sécurisé à Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoEl fuego táctico que generó un fuego secundario 15 horas antes y 40 horas después, la manta muerta se queda caliente al interior de un perímetro seguro en Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoIl fuoco tattico che ha generato un fuoco secondario 15 ore prima e 40 ora dopo, la manta morta resta calda all’interno di un perimetro sicuro a Terrafeita, Vieira do MinhoFogo táctico que gerou um fogo secundário, 15 horas antes. 40 horas depois, a manta morta permanecia quente dentro do perímetro seguro em Terrafeita, Vieira do Minho
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Terrafeita, Vieira do Minho: in the background, the descending head of the fire in favour of the wind and in the foreground, the tactical fire supported in a forest roadTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: en second plan, la tête descendante du feu poussée par le vent et en premier plan le feu tactique en appui sur une piste forestièreTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: en segundo plano, el fruente descendente del fuego a favor del viento y en primero plano , el fuego táctico hecho en un camino forestalTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: in secondo piano, il fronte discendente del fuoco a favore del vento e in primo piano, il fuoco tattico di sostegno in un sentiero forestaleTerrafeita, Vieira do Minho: em segundo plano, a cabeça descendente do incêndio a favor do vento e em primeiro plano, o fogo táctico apoiado num caminho florestal
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Manoeuvre with fire in the head in Abadim, Terras de BouroManoeuvre avec du feu sur la tête d’incendie à Abadim, Terras de BouroManiobra con el fuego en la cabeza del incendio en Abadim, Terras de BouroManovra con fuoco nella testa dell’incendio a Abadim, Terras de BouroManobra com fogo na cabeça, em Abadim, Terras de Bouro
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim, Terras de Bouro: tactical fire in a hillsideAbadim, Terras de Bouro: feu tactique sur un flancAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fuego táctico en un flancoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fuoco tattico in un fiancoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fogo táctico num flanco
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire in Abadim, Terras de BouroFeu tactique à Abadim, Terras de BouroFuego táctico en Abadim, Terras de BouroFuoco tattico a Abadim, Terras de BouroFogo táctico em Abadim, Terras de Bouro
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim, Terras de Bouro: tactical fire with a firemen vehicle watching possible fire jumpsAbadim, Terras de Bouro: feu tactique avec un véhicule de pompiers pour veiller sur d’éventuelles sautes de feuAbadim, Terras de Bouro: el fuego táctico y un coche de los bomberos que controla posibles saltos de fuegoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fuoco tattico e un'automobile dei pompieri che tiene sotto controllo eventuali salti di fuocoAbadim, Terras de Bouro: fogo táctico com um carro de bombeiros a vigiar eventuais saltos de fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: National Park of Gerês: Head and flank of the fire in a bush zone where six fire operations had been managed laterParc National de Gerês : Tête et flanc de l’incendie dans des broussailles où il sera ensuite réalisé six manoeuvres avec du feuParque Nacional de Gerês: La cabeza y el flanco del fuego en los arbustos donde ya se habían realizadas maniobras con el fuegoParco nazionale di Gerês: La testa ed il fianco del fuoco in una zona di macchia dove successivamente sono state realizzate sei operazioni attraverso l’uso del fuocoParque Nacional do Gerês: Cabeça e flanco do incêndio numa zona de mato onde posteriormente se realizaram seis manobras com fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Monte, Fafe: beginning of one of the tactical fire operationsMonte, Fafe: le commencement d'une manoeuvre de feu tactiqueMonte, Fafe, el principio de una maniobra de fuego tácticoMonte, Fafe: l'inizio di una manovra del fuoco tattico Monte, Fafe: início de uma das manobras de fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire of flank in Monte, FafeFeu tactique de flanc à Monte, FafeFuego táctico del flanco en Monte, FafeFuoco tattico sul fianco a Monte, FafeFogo táctico de flanco em Monte, Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Monte, Fafe: tactical fire in a forest road cleaned up by the populationMonte, Fafe: feu tactique dans un chemin forestier nettoyé par la populationMonte, Fafe: el fuego táctico en un camino forestal limpiado por la gente popularMonte, Fafe. il fuoco tattico in un sentiero forestale ripulito dalla popolazioneMonte, Fafe: fogo táctico num caminho florestal limpo por populares
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire in an oak zone supported in a trail made in Monte, FafeLe feu tactique dans une zone de chêne appuié sur un layon créé à Monte, FafeFuego táctico en una zona de robles hecho en un camino que fue creado en Monte, Fafe Fuoco tattico in una zona di quercie in un sentiero creato a Monte, FafeFogo táctico num carvalhal apoiado num trilho criado em Monte, Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Monte, Fafe: tactical fire supported in an old trail of an eucalyptus zoneMonte, Fafe: feu tactique en appui sur un ancien chemin dans un peuplement d'eucalyptusMonte, Fafe: fuego táctico hecho en un camino anitgo en una zona del eucaliptoMonte, Fafe: fuoco tattico di sostegno in una vecchia strada in una zona di eucalyptusMonte, Fafe: fogo táctico apoiado num antigo caminho num eucaliptal
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Tactical fire with the support of the firemen and forest workers in the preparation of the land in Monte, FafeFeu tactique avec l'appui des pompiers et des sapeurs forestiers dans la préparation du terrain à Monte, FafeFuego táctico con la ayuda de los bomberos y de los zapadores forestales durante la preparación del terreno en Monte, FafeFuoco tattico con il supporto dei vigili del fuoco e degli operai forestali nella preparazione del terreno a Monte, Fafe (Fogo táctico com o apoio dos bombeiros e sapadores florestais na preparação do terreno em Monte, Fafe
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: GAUF’s team in first intervention with a first line made with points 10 meters from the roadCabeceiras de Basto: une équipe GAUF en première intervention avec une première ligne réalisée avec des points d’allumage à dix mètres de la pisteCabeceiras de Basto: un equipo GAUF en la primera intervención con una primera línea hecha de puntos a diez metros del camino Cabeceiras de Basto: una squadra GAUF in un primo intervento attraverso una prima linea fatta di punti a dieci metri di camminoCabeceiras de Basto: equipa GAUF em primeira intervenção com uma primeira linha feita com pontos a dez metros do caminho
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Second continuous line beside the road to fight the head of the fire in Cabeceiras de BastoDeuxième ligne continue le long de la route pour combattre la tête de l’incendie à Cabeceiras de BastoSegunda línea continua al lado del camino para combater la cabeza del fuego en Cabeceiras de Basto Seconda linea continua al lato del sentiero ai fini di combattere la testa del fuoco a Cabeceiras de BastoSegunda linha contínua ao lado do caminho para combater a cabeça do incêndio em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Perpendicular tactical fire to the lateral flank of the fire in Cabeceiras de BastoFeu tactique perpendiculaire au flanc latéral de l’incendie à Cabeceiras de BastoFuego táctico perpendicular al flanco lateral del fuego en Cabeceiras de Basto Fuoco tattico perpendicolare al fianco laterale dell’incendio a Cabeceiras de BastoFogo táctico perpendicular ao flanco lateral do incêndio em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: accomplishment of a tactical fire along a trail previewing the widening of the fire flankCabeceiras de Basto: réalisation d'un feu tactique le long d’une piste en prévision de l'élargissement du flanc de l’incendieCabeceiras de Basto: realización de un fuego táctico en un un camino en previsión de un ampliación del flanco del fuegoCabeceiras de Basto: realizzazione di un fuoco tattico lungo un sentiero in previsione dell'allargamento del fianco del fuoco Cabeceiras de Basto: realização de fogo táctico ao longo de um caminho em previsão do alargamento do flanco do incêndio
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: In another parallel road, a second tactical fire operation in Cabeceiras de BastoDans sur autre piste parallèle, une deuxième manœuvre de feu tactique à Cabeceiras de BastoEn un otro camino paralelo, una segunda maniobra de fuego táctico en Cabeceiras de BastoIn un’altra strada parallela, una seconda manovra di fuoco tattico a Cabeceiras de BastoNum outro caminho paralelo, uma segunda manobra de fogo táctico em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: enlargement of the burnt area and other fires in the background Cabeceiras de Basto: élargissement de la zone brûlée et en arrière plan d'autres incendiesCabeceiras de Basto: el ampliación de la zona quemada y en el fundo de la imagen otros fuegosCabeceiras de Basto: allargamento della zona bruciata e nel fondo dell'immagine altri incendiCabeceiras de Basto: alargamento da zona queimada e no fundo da imagem outros incêndios
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: In the left of the image, the arrival of the head of the fire that was extinguished in the perpendicular tactical fire in Cabeceiras de BastoSur la gauche de l'image, l'arrivée de la tête de l’incendie qui va être éteint par un feu tactique perpendiculaire à Cabeceiras de BastoA la izquierda de la imagen, la llegada de la cabeza del fuego que se está extinguendo en el fuego táctico perpendicular en Cabeceiras de BastoA sinistra dell'immagine, l'arrivo della testa del fuoco che si va estinguendo nel fuoco tattico perpendicolare a Cabeceiras de BastoÀ esquerda da imagem, chegada da cabeça do incêndio que se vai extinguir no fogo táctico perpendicular em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: meeting between the head of the fire and the tactical fire with enlargement of the security zone by setting up a cut-fire lineCabeceiras de Basto: rencontre entre la tête de l’incendie et le feu tactique avec l'élargissement de la zone de la sécurité par la constitution d'un pare-feuCabeceiras de Basto: encuentro entre la cabeza del fuego y el fuego táctico con amplificación de la zona de seguridad a través la constitución de una línea de corta-fuegoCabeceiras de Basto: incontro fra la testa del fuoco ed il fuoco tattico con l'allargamento della zona di sicurezza attraverso costituzione di una linea taglia-fuocoCabeceiras de Basto: encontro entre a cabeça do incêndio e o fogo táctico com alargamento da zona de segurança através da constituição de uma linha corta-fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Accomplishment of a cut-fire line in Cabeceiras de BastoRéalisation d’un pare-feu à Cabeceiras de BastoRealización de una línea de corta-fuego en Cabeceiras de BastoRealizzazione di una linea taglia-fuoco a Cabeceiras de BastoRealização de uma linha de corta-fogo em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Cabeceiras de Basto: with lack of fire fighting resources, the cut-fire line allows the fire to be chanelled into a particular areaCabeceiras de Basto: avec le manque de moyens de lutte, le pare-feu permet de canaliser l’incendie dans ce secteurCabeceiras de Basto: con la carencia de medios de combate, la línea de corta-fuego permite canalizar el fuego en esta zona Cabeceiras de Basto: con la mancanza di mezzi di combattimento, la linea di taglia-fuoco permette di canalizzare il fuoco in questa zonaCabeceiras de Basto: com a falta de meios de combate, a linha de corta-fogo permite canalizar o fogo nessa zona
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Area where the fire was extinguished by means of a tactical fire from the right supported from the road in Cabeceiras de BastoZone d'extinction de l'incendie qui arrivait par la droite grâce à la réalisation d’un feu tactique en appui sur une piste à Cabeceiras de BastoZona de extinción del incendio que estaba llegando desde derecha a través el fuego táctico hecho en el camino en Cabeceiras de BastoZona d'estinzione dell'incendio che stava arrivando da destra attraverso il fuoco tattico effettuato sul sentiero a Cabeceiras de BastoZona de extinção do incêndio que estava a chegar pela direita com fogo táctico apoiado no caminho em Cabeceiras de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Queimadela, Fafe: at the limit of the fire with an important risk of new fire in a pine plantation which had already burned a few years ago. An operation will be carried out supported in a trail for protection of an coal unit productionQueimadela, Fafe: em périférie de l'incendie avec un risque important de reprises dans une pinède qui avait déjà brûlé il y a quelques années, il va être réalisé une manoeuvre avec emploi du feu sur une piste, pour protéger une unité de production de charbonQueimadela, Fafe: dentro del límite del incendio con riesgo de ignición en un pinar que ya se había quemado hace unos años, donde se hará una operación en un camino para proteger una zona de producción de carbónQueimadela, Fafe: nel limite dell'incendio con rischio di riaccensione in una pineta che già aveva bruciato alcuni anni fa , si realizzerà una manovra in un sentiero per proteggere un'area di produzione di carboneQueimadela, Fafe: em periferia do incêndio com risco importante de reacendimento num pinhal que já tinha ardido há uns anos, vai realizar-se uma manobra com uso de fogo apoiada num caminho, para protecção de uma unidade de produção de carvão
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Descending fire before they perform the tactical fire operation in Mondim de BastoIncendie descendant avant la réalisation d’une manoeuvre de feu tactique à Mondim de Basto Incendio descendente antes de la realización de la maniobra de fuego táctico en Mondim de BastoIncendio discendente prima che venisse realizzato il fuoco tattico a Mondim de BastoIncêndio descendente antes de se realizar a manobra de fogo táctico em Mondim de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Mondim de Basto: front of the fire and preparation of the tactical fire operationMondim de Basto: front of the fire and preparation of the tactical fire operationMondim de Basto: el frente del incendio y preparación de la maniobra de fuego táctico Mondim de Basto: parte anteriore dell’ incendio e preparazione della manovra di fuoco tatticoMondim de Basto: frente do incêndio e preparação da manobra de fogo táctico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Forest workers and GIPS members preparing and controlling the tactical fire track in Mondim de BastoDes sapeurs forestiers et des membres GIPS préparant le layon et contrôlant le feu tactique à Mondim de BastoZapadores forestales y miembros GIPS que se preparan y controlan el camino de fuego táctico en Mondim de BastoOperai forestali e membri GIPS che preparano e controllano il cammino del fuoco tattico a Mondim de Basto Sapadores florestais e membros GIPS a prepararem o trilho e a controlarem o fogo táctico em Mondim de Basto
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim: time to neutralize the descending head of the fire with 150 meters wide which came to a forest path. The backfire initiated in this way produced an interaction with the head, with the flames to be joined in a vertical lineAbadim: moment de neutralisation de la tête descendante de l'incendie avec 150 mètres de largeur qui arrivait sur une piste forestière. Le contre-feu initié sur cette piste a produit une interaction avec la tête : les flammes se rejoignent verticalementAbadim: momento de neutralización de la cabeza descendente del incendio con 150 metros de anchura que llegaba a un camino forestal. El contrafuego empezado en este camino produjo una interacción con la cabeza, con las llamas que se juntaron en la verticalAbadim: momento di neutralizzazione della testa discendente dell'incendio con 150 metri di larghezza che arrivava fino ad un sentiero forestale. Il contro-fuoco iniziato in questo sentiero ha prodotto un'interazione con la testa, con le fiamme che si raggiunsero nella verticaleAbadim: momento de neutralização da cabeça descendente do incêndio com 150 metros de largura que chegava a um caminho florestal. O contra-fogo iniciado nesse caminho produziu uma interacção com a cabeça, com as chamas a juntarem-se na vertical
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Abadim: end of the backfire operation Abadim: fim da manobra de contra-fogoAbadim: conlusión de la maniobra de contrafuego Abadim: fine della manovra di contro-fuoco Abadim: fim da manobra de contra-fogo
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Meeting of the backfire initiated in a trail on the left side of the fire in AbadimRencontre du contre-feu initié sur la piste à gauche et de l'incendie à AbadimRencontre du contre-feu initié sur la piste à gauche et de l'incendie à AbadimIncontro del contro-fuoco iniziata nel sentiero a sinistra dell'incendio a AbadimEncontro do contra-fogo iniciado no caminho à esquerda e do incêndio em Abadim
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Head of the fire in a “giestas” (brooms) area with 4 meters high and flames between 15 to 20 meters. Completing a backfire in this head with a perfect space between themTête de l'incendie dans une zone de “giestas” avec 4 mètres de hauteur et flammes entre 15 à 20 mètres. Réalisation de la contre-feu dans cette tête avec une parfaite aspiration entre elleCabeza del incendio en una zona de “giestas”con 4 metros de altura y llamas entre 15 a 20 metros. Realización del contrafuego en esta cabeza con una perfecta aspiraciónTesta dell'incendio in una zona di “giestas”con 4 metri d'altezza e fiamme tra 15 a 20 metri. Realizzazione del contro-fuoco nella testa caratterizzato da una perfetta aspirazioneCabeça do incêndio numa zona de giestas com 4 metros de altura e chamas entre 15 a 20 metros. Realização do contra-fogo nessa cabeça com uma perfeita aspiração entre si
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V007 / 00:04:33 22.6 (MB)
Language: en
Description: Gouveia Suppression Fire
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource V008 / 00:03:55 19.4 (MB)
Language: fr
Description: "Contre-feu à Gouveia" - L’incendie est relativement calme, mais plusieurs fronts de feu restent actifs. Dans cette zone escarpée proche de Gouveia, une équipe GAUF intervient… Objectifs du feu tactique : éliminer le combustible abondant au sol et mettre un terme à l’incendie avant le retour du jour
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