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Title: Universidad de Trás-os-Montes a Alto Douro (UTAD), Grupo de Fogos Florestais / Universidad de Trás-os-Montes a Alto Douro (UTAD), Forest Fire Group
Language: Portuguese
Description: The Forest Fire Group is an activity of the Department of Forest and Landscape at the Universidad de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD). The Forest Fire Group was established in 1983 and has undertaken research in fuel and fire behavior modeling, fire risk and fire danger index, preventive silviculture and fuel management, controlled fire, adaptation and vulnerability of forests to fire.
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Title: COST Action FP0701. Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe /
Language: English
Description: Cost Action FP0701, Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe, is a network of researchers and practitioners working in the field of fire ecology and forest management from all around Europe. The action commenced in May 2008 and will continue for four years. The main objective of this Action is to develop and disseminate scientifically-based decision criteria for post-fire management, applicable from stand-level to landscape-level planning. The short-term expected result is to increase the scientific basis for undertaking appropriate post-fire management practices in Southern Europe; the long-term expected result is to improve the effectiveness in restoring burned areas and reduce fire hazard in European forests and landscapes.
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Title: Fire Star: a decision support system for fuel management and fire hazard reduction in mediterranean wildland-urban interfaces / Fire Star
Language: EnglishFrenchPortugueseSpanish
Description: Fire star is a decision support system for fuel management and fire hazard reduction in Mediterranean wildland-urban interfaces. It allows foresters, fire-fighters and engineering offices to assess the fire risk for exposed targets (people and houses) on these interfaces, and to test the preventive efficiency of the wildland fuel reduction. The predictions of advanced models of wildland fire behaviour and effects are the bases of the content of the Fire Star system. The researchers also pursued the following scientific objectives: to improve the methods of wildland fuel description and to develop Mediterranean fuel models, to enhance the predictive ability of the wildland fire behaviour model, and to improve the knowledge of wildland fire effects on the exposed targets. The project ran from 2002 to 2005.
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Title: Stephens Lab – Research and Education in Wildland Fire Science / Stephens Lab
Language: English
Description: The mission of the Fire Science Laboratory at the University of California Berkeley is to conduct scientific research and provide academic training in the fields of wildland fire science, ecology, and resource management. Areas of research include: the current, and historical role and effects of fire; fire risk reduction; bioenergy; the ecological and economic consequences of the use of fire and fire surrogates in ecosystem restoration and management; fire policies in the United States, Australia, and Mexico; interaction of other ecosystem components (such as wildlife, soils, water, invasive organisms) and ecosystem processes with fire; and interaction of global climate change and fire regimes.
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Title: Land use change interactions with fire in Mediterranean Landscapes (LUCIFER) / LUCIFER
Language: English
Description: The project aimed to assess the interactions between fire and landscape structures in fire-prone areas in Mediterranean countries. Fire effects on the ecosystems and their influence on species changes were evaluated. Based on past landscapes and fire incidence, models of landscape change and its significance for species dynamics were developed to evaluate fire risk and other threats to the ecosystem. The project ran from 1996 to 2000.
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Title: Design of a frame work for producing and providing earth observation based information services for forest fires management at European and local levels (Control Fire Sat) / Control Fire Sat Project
Language: English
Description: The aim of the CFS Project was the provision of real-time Earth Observation data to be used in forest fire management. A pre-operational warning and information system was developed. CFS delivered four customized products derived from NOAA-AVHRR data: daily fire risk maps; a fire detection and warning system operating during night hours; monitoring of the fire front evolution during a fire event, and a near real-time web delivery system for the previous products. Activities covered the summer seasons of 1998 and 1999 for Greece, Spain and France. The project ran from 1998 to 2000.
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Title: Euromediterranean Wildland Fire Laboratory - EUFIRELAB / EUFIRELAB
Language: EnglishFinnishFrenchGreekItalianPortugueseSpanish
Description: The EUFIRELAB is a wall-less laboratory for wildland fire sciences and technologies in the euromediterranean region that enables knowledge and data exchange. The research units are divided into fuel description and modelling; wildland fire behavior modelling; fire ecology; socio-economy; decision support tools; meteorology; fire risks; fire suppression and wildland urban interfaces management. It aims to provide up-dated states of the art, to develop common methodologies and to propose answers to end-users. The products provided on the website are an E-library, E-observatories, news, forums, deliverables, jobs and CV, and specific studies related to wildland fire. The project ran from 2002 to 2006.
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Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
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Title: Prevenció d'incendis forestals / Forest Fire Prevention
Language: EnglishSpanish
Description: Information about forest fire prevention in Catalonia. The information is grouped under various headings including: Rural Agencies; Forest defence agencies; Fire risk map; Fire statistics; Authorization to ignite fires; Fire prevention legislation; Campaigns; High fire risk municipalities; System of evaluation of fire risk; Maps.
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Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
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Title: D5.3-1 Report on the effects of broad scale and long-term application of prescribed burning on fire risk components /
Language: English
Description: Effect of prescribed burning on the mitigation of fire risk was discussed in fire prone ecosystems of three European countries (Greece, France and Portugal). Two study cases were presented using two different fire modelling approaches, the spatial fire growth model FARSITE and FIRETEC a physically based fire propagation model. This study showed that fuel management with prescribed burning had a significant effect on fire propagation hazard. It needs to be completed with further studies on prescribed burning effects on the other fire risk components such as ignition likelihood or vulnerability (fire effects on trees). First results also showed the need of optimizing the spatial pattern of fire application both when applied extensively on the landscape, and when located on a fuel break network. The first study case concerned a conifer forest located in Kassandra peninsula in northern Greece, which has been affected by a 7120 ha wildfire in August 2006. Prescribed burning effectiveness was assessed by using the FARSITE simulator for comparing fire spread over the landscape before and after prescribed burning application on a network of stripe-shaped fuel-breaks. Analysis showed a significant reduction of fire potential (fireline intensity, flame length and total burned area) as a result of fuel treatments. The second study case concerned a shrubland and woodland mosaic in limestone Provence, France, where prescribed burning has been used as a fuel reduction tool for more than 15 years The effectiveness of prescribed burning was assessed by comparing fire potential (rate of spread, fireline intensity) before and in the years following prescribed burning treatments. Analysis carried out at the stand scale gave valuable information on the immediate potential fire hazard reduction after prescribed burning. In order to estimate the appropriate prescribed burning return interval, two management scenarios were used (i) a fire intensity threshold compatible with efficient and safe fire fighting or (ii) a shrub encroachment threshold easy to assess by forest managers. In both cases, the prescribed burning return interval varied from 2 to 3 years, depending on fuel types. When applying prescribed burning on a 15 years period, fire risk mapping on the whole State forest showed a higher fire risk reduction when using the fire intensity threshold than a fuel encroachment threshold. A third study case in the Portuguese mainland tested an important assumption of the fire paradox: does fuel age have an influence on burn probability and wildfire size? Fire frequency analysis of mapped fire perimeters ≥10 ha (1998-2008) indicated that fire occurrence was weakly to moderately dependent of fuel age. However, contrarily to the usual expectation, age-dependency did not decrease for larger fire size classes (i.e with increasingly extreme fire weather). Finally, we explored the variation in fire size statistics with fuel age. Older fuels (roughly >8 years after burning) were associated to more variable fire sizes, allowing much larger wildfires. From the results we infer that landscapes submitted to a mean prescribed fire return interval of 4 years will not support wildfires larger than 500 ha. However, adequate spatial planning of the treatments is expected to reduce the annual treatment rate. This deliverable contributes to solving the Fire Paradox because it clearly shows how fuel modification can decrease wildfire hazard and severity which is the first specific objective to be addressed in Integrated Wildland Fire Management. The state of the art chapter has shown that several fuel modification techniques, such as mechanical treatments, are available and used in Europe, but it has also demonstrated that prescribed burning although being increasingly used in some countries, still has to be strongly supported with the objective of the wisest complementarities between fuel treatments. Also, prescribed burning is the approach based on the paradox of fire, reducing fuels strategically before they can be used by wildfires, thus decreasing wildfire risk and severity.
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Title: Deliverable 5.3-4 Guide for End Users to design Prescribed burning and other actions to mitigate fire risk in the Mediterranean ecosystems /
Language: English
Description: The use of appropriate fuel treatments, such as prescribed burning and silvicultural treatments could be a decisive tool for the management of wildfire hazard and the mitigation of the wildfires impacts on ecosystems and society. This Guide is based on the experience of the treatments implementation, particularly in Europe and tries to give some general rules on the treatment that should be applied in each case. The Guide begins with the description of the forest ecosystems concerned, then presents basic information about the fire environment, and gives an estimation of the wildfire risk in each case. The Guide continues with a short description of the most known fuel treatments, including prescribed burning, as well as several silvicultural treatments such as thinning, pruning, clearing, herbicide application and control grazing. The criteria for the selection of the most suitable treatment are then analysed, mainly based on the type of the ecosystems and the topographic characteristics, while the application methodology of the treatment selected is then described. The Guide finally presents the case of three typical Mediterranean ecosystems, where the above-mentioned treatments were applied, and the fire behaviour was simulated in order to estimate their effectiveness on the fire risk mitigation.
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