EFI logo

Metadata & Repository browser

found 68 records in 170 ms.

Title: Systems for Environmental Management (SEM) / SEM
Language: English
Description: Systems for Environmental Management (SEM) is a Montana nonprofit research and educational corporation. They are specialized in issues concerning wildland fire planning, behavior, fuel, weather, and effects. Publications and software packages developed in cooperation with the Fire Sciences Laboratory of the USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station are posted on the website. All items are freely available to download and use.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center (LLC) / LLC
Language: English
Description: The LLC is an innovative and progressive organizational learning resource center based in Arizona, USA. The Center actively promotes a learning culture to enhance and sustain safe and effective work practices in the wildland fire community. The Center provides opportunities and resources to foster collaboration among all fire professionals, facilitates their networks, provides access to state-of-the-art learning tools, and links learning to training. A library, videos, incident reviews, information on organizational learning, newsletter, advances in fire practices, and much other information are available on the site.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: FIRE PARADOX Project Web Site / www.fireparadox.org
Language: English
Description: The main FIREPARADOX project web site. This site is used for dissemination of project information and management and reporting for the project partners
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Greek Fires European Solidarity /
Language: English
Description: Video illustrating coordination of fire fighting assistance to Greece by other EU members during the 2007 fire season through the Civil Protection mechanism
Date:
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats,AudioVisual,MovingImage,Flash Video [.flv]][Resource Types and Formats, AudioVisual, MovingImage, Flash Video [.flv]]
Publisher:
Title: World Fire Atlas /
Language: English
Description: The AATSR (Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer) World Fire Atlas (WFAA) provides global monthly maps of fires. Since February 2006 the WFAA has been processed in Near Real Time. Monthly maps are available for the current year. Annual maps are available for other years from 1995.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: COST Action FP0701. Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe /
Language: English
Description: Cost Action FP0701, Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe, is a network of researchers and practitioners working in the field of fire ecology and forest management from all around Europe. The action commenced in May 2008 and will continue for four years. The main objective of this Action is to develop and disseminate scientifically-based decision criteria for post-fire management, applicable from stand-level to landscape-level planning. The short-term expected result is to increase the scientific basis for undertaking appropriate post-fire management practices in Southern Europe; the long-term expected result is to improve the effectiveness in restoring burned areas and reduce fire hazard in European forests and landscapes.
Date:
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats, DataSource]
Publisher:
Title: Stephens Lab – Research and Education in Wildland Fire Science / Stephens Lab
Language: English
Description: The mission of the Fire Science Laboratory at the University of California Berkeley is to conduct scientific research and provide academic training in the fields of wildland fire science, ecology, and resource management. Areas of research include: the current, and historical role and effects of fire; fire risk reduction; bioenergy; the ecological and economic consequences of the use of fire and fire surrogates in ecosystem restoration and management; fire policies in the United States, Australia, and Mexico; interaction of other ecosystem components (such as wildlife, soils, water, invasive organisms) and ecosystem processes with fire; and interaction of global climate change and fire regimes.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: EU-FIRE: Innovative optoelectronic and acoustic sensing technologies for large scale forest fire long term monitoring / EU-FIRE
Language: English
Description: The EU-FIRE project has the objective to design a new forest fires monitoring system able to guarantee accurate and continuous surveillance and forecasting, immediate detection of fire beginnings, monitoring of the fire evolution, and timely exchange of information from fire fronts. The EU-FIRE integrated prototype is based on 3 components: a microphones system for volumetric scanning; fibre optic senscors networks for the detection of changes in the parameters associated to fire, such as temperature and gaseous emissions; and a Local Control Unit able to integrate data from acoustic and optoelectronic sensors. The results will lead, in the mid-term, to the provision of improved performance detection systems, and, in the long term, to the establishment of a common European model for forest fire monitoring.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Fire Emission Production Simulator (FEPS) / FEPS
Language: English
Description: The Fire Emission Production Simulator (FEPS) is a user-friendly computer program designed for scientists and resource managers with some working knowledge of Microsoft Windows applications. The software manages data concerning consumption, emissions and heat release characteristics of prescribed burns and wildland fires, including the amount and fuel moisture of various fuel strata, hourly weather, and a number of other factors. FEPS can be used for most forest, shrub, and grassland types in North America and the world. Download and teaching materials are available on the website.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Firewise /
Language: EnglishSpanish
Description: The national Firewise Communities program is a multi-agency effort involving homeowners, community leaders, planners, and others to protect people, property, and natural resources from the risk of wildland fire before a fire starts. The Firewise Communities approach emphasizes community responsibility for planning in the design of a safe community as well as effective emergency response, and individual responsibility for safer home construction and maintenance. The website contains a variety of interactive modules, community stories, publications, a library, network, learning center etc. People who live or go on vacation in fireprone areas of North America are informed how to become a firewise individual and get acquainted with the challenges of living in the wildland-urban-interface.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Laboratorio de Sensores Teledeteccion e Imagen IR / Laboratorio de Sensores Teledeteccion e Imagen IR
Language: Spanish
Description: The laboratory of remote sensing and infrared images is a research group integrated in the Physics Departement of the University Carlos III of Madrid. The research focuses on the field of IR remote sensing and its application for the design of infrared sensors. An emphasis of the research projects is in the field of wildland fires.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: International Association of Wildland Fire (IAWF) / IAWF
Language: English
Description: The IAWF is a non-profit, professional association representing members of the global wildland fire community. The purpose of the association is to facilitate communication and provide leadership for the wildland fire community. The website announces many important events on fire-related summits, conferences, publications of journals and proceedings, scholarships, and has a bookstore where one can order books.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: European Mediterranean Disaster Information Network (EU-MEDIN) / EU-MEDIN
Language: English
Description: EU-MEDIN is an initiative of DG Research of the European Commission. The aim of EU-MEDIN is to foster co-ordination among the research and user communities for improved disaster preparedness and early warning, communication and rapid exchange of data and knowledge. EU-MEDIN is a portal to organize the recording of and provide access to the research results of EU-supported projects in the field of natural disasters (forest fires, floods, avalanches etc.). European R&D results and resources can be searched through a metadata database.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Pacific Forest Forum (PFF) / PFF
Language: EnglishRussian
Description: PFF is a non-governmental organization created by a group of forest specialists. PFF implements: education and training; research work; participation in Russian and international programs and projects; organization of conferences, seminars, meetings both domestic and international; printing of scientific materials, books, articles; field expeditions and experiments; consultation services; information dissemination; capacity building in the Northeast Asia, etc., in the field of forestry, forest fires and forest fire management, and international research collaboration.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: National Wildland Fire Training /
Language: English
Description: The National Wildland Fire Training’s mission is to simplify the training communications system with an objective of improving service to the customer and reduce duplication in training administrative services. The national training web site provides a central location for customers to find training course information from all geographic areas by enabling access to Local Area, Geographic Area, National, and other related Interagency Wildland Fire Training information in the USA.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: National Wildfire Coordination Group's Training Working Team / NWCG Training Working Team
Language: English
Description: The National Wildfire Coordination Group's (NWCG) Training Working Team (TWT) manages the NWCG training curricula program; recommends for approval the Wildland Fire curriculum; and provides guidance to other teams on the development process and standards. Its mission is to develop relevant NWCG training in a cost-effective manner to meet the needs of the wildland fire community. Information on courses and online training are provided, and training material can be ordered.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Fire, Fuel, and Smoke Science Program (FFS) / FFS
Language: English
Description: The Fire, Fuel, and Smoke Science Program of the Rocky Mountain Research Station is located at the Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory in Missoula, Montana. The Program conducts international, cutting edge work in wildland fire research from fire physics to fire ecology. The Program performs work under its national charter to conduct fundamental and applied research relating to wildland fire processes, terrestrial and atmospheric effects of fire, and ecological adaptations to fire. In addition, the Program develops associated knowledge tools and applications for both managers and scientists. Original research includes: fire behavior prediction modeling, soil heating modeling and effects, landscape fire ecosystem dynamics, smoke emissions and dispersion modeling, and fire danger rating.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: The Fire Research And Management Exchange System (FRAMES) / FRAMES
Language: English
Description: The Fire Research And Management Exchange System (FRAMES) catalogues wildland fire data, documents, metadata, tools, projects, webpages, and other information resources. The goal of FRAMES is to make these content resources easy to find, access, distribute, compare, and use. Through FRAMES, content can be exchanged and transferred between researchers, managers, and other stakeholders. FRAMES also provides additional services including threaded discussions, announcements, calendars, and file sharing for project management and other collaborative efforts. Publicly accessible content on FRAMES is organized into three main areas: subject area, geographic area, partner sites.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: US Forest Service Fire and Aviation Management /
Language: English
Description: The Fire and Aviation Management part of the US Forest Service is working in wildland fire management, operations, and research. The website provides a wide range of information and links on various topics from fire equipment, management, suppression, fire science, fire use, prevention and education, publications, news, training, employment, tools and technology, safety, to aviation and other.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Canadian Forest Service - Forest Fire in Canada /
Language: EnglishFrench
Description: The Forest Fire section of the Canadian Forest Service provides daily fire maps and reports, weekly statistics, historical analysis, news, a fire database, publications, and facts about forest fire. Links to Canadian forest fire management agencies, fire systems, fire education and training, and maps and satellite images are also listed.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Wildfire Specialists Inc. /
Language: English
Description: Wildfire is an accredited company recognized by the Ministry of Natural Resources that provides fire fighting training as well as trained and experienced firefighters and over head for various Wildland Fire configurations for contracting throughout Canada and world-wide. Staff qualified and experienced in areas such as prescribed burn planning, prescribed burn implementation, ecological burning, slash reduction, and burn out operations is also offered. Forest fire fighting equipment is available for lease or rent.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: CORDIS (Community Research and Development Information Service) / CORDIS
Language: EnglishFrenchGermanItalianPolishSpanish
Description: CORDIS, the Community Research and Development Information Service for Science, Research and Development, is the official source of information on the European seventh framework programme (FP7) calls for proposals. CORDIS is an information space, filled with a huge array of accurate and up-to-date data on European research and development activities and capacities. The site allows searching for projects, partners and results.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Southwest Fire Use Training Academy (FUTA) / FUTA
Language: English
Description: The Southwest Fire Use Training Academy develops leadership skills in wildland fire use and prescribed fire through the integration of classroom and field-facilitated learning opportunities. The program uses existing fuels programs and facilities throughout the country and exposes trainees to a large variety of interagency fuels management programs.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: PHOENIX /
Language: EnglishPortuguese
Description: PHOENIX is a regional project centre of the European Forest Institute (EFI). PHOENIX has 18 member institutions from Mediterranean countries. The objectives of the consortium are: (1) to obtain a sound database gathering the state-of-the-art of existing scientific knowledge concerning the fire characteristics of the different forest types and respective species; (2) to develop a set of criteria which can be used to classify forest types in terms of the associated fire hazard and resilience; (3) to define the potential and limitation of the various post-fire management options; (4) to help developing the transfer mechanisms needed between research and its application by end-users. Coordinated by Centro de Ecologia Aplicada Prof. Baeta Neves, a research centre of the Instituto Superior de Agronomia in Lisbon, Portugal.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Database on Forest Disturbances in Europe (DFDE) /
Language: English
Description: The DFDE database aims at providing historic information about disturbances in the forests of Europe. In this context disturbance is defined rather broadly, namely as the occurrence of an event that causes unforeseen loss of living forest biomass or events that decrease the value or potential value of the wood or forest stand. The majority of disturbances is caused by natural agents, but other human induced impacts like sanitation fellings due to air pollution are also taken into account. Furthermore information about measures to reduce the impact of disturbances, mostly insect pests, were listed , like chemical or biological treatments. The information in this database was collected by means of a literature review, both from scientific papers as well as from grey literature. Each reference to a disturbance event is put in a single record, containing information on year of occurrence, exact date, country, region, district, disturbance type, tree species affected, volume, area, number, percentage, literature reference, underbark/overbark and other comments. Users must register to use DFDE.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Fundación Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo (CEAM) / Centre for the study of the Mediterranean Environment
Language: EnglishSpanish
Description: CEAM was created in 1991 under the auspices of the Valencian Autonomous Government and Bancaja. It is a Centre of Applied Research. CEAM was created as a response to the need for potentiating research and development in environmental technology in the Mediterranean countries, where applied engineering within very rigid (mono-)discipline structures has traditionally predominated. CEAM was established as a multidiscipline centre and, as such, its research has been concentrated in inter-related thematic areas where it has achieved recognized international expertise. Air Pollution Programme; Pollution Effects Programme (Research into air pollution effects on different plant communities - natural and agricultural - in the Valencia region, with the aim of developing minimisation strategies at various levels); Forest Research Programme (Research and development of new management techniques for Mediterranean conditions, especially in regard to the restoration of forests and shrublands affected by fire and desertification processes); Meteorology and Climatology Programme (Analysis of the mechanisms and meteorological conditions - at synoptic and regional scales - leading to meteorological risk situations on the Spanish east coast, with special emphasis on torrential rains and forest fires).
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: FAO/GFMC Wildland Fire Management Terminology /
Language: EnglishFrenchGermanSpanish
Description: Links are provided to a number of glossaries and terminologies related to fire management. A revised version (December 2003) of the 1986 version of the FAO Wildland Fire Management Terminology is available (with English definitions and partial translation to French, Spanish, and German).
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Núcleo de Investigação Científica de Incêndios Florestais (NICIF) / Centre for Forest Fires Scientific Research [Portugal]
Language: EnglishPortuguese
Description: NICIF is a Scientific Unit of the University of Coimbra, and carries out research related to the prevention of and the effects of forest fires. The objectives of NICIF include: investigation of forest fires; education of the public (and particularly young people) concerning the importance of the forest, especially with regard to preservation of forests and the prevention of forest fires.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Лесные пожары в России / Forest fires in Russia
Language: English
Description: The web-site provides information and analysis about forest fires in Russia - including news, articles, reports on forest fires, forest protection, machinery for forest protection, analytical data and expert opinions on the issue of forest fires.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Corpo Forestale dello Stato / State Forest Service [Italy]
Language: Italian
Description: This site of the Corpo Forestale dello Stato describes their role, organizational structure, activities, personnel as well as their emergency services. The Corpo Forestale is a police force with civil status, specialized in the protection of the natural and landscape resources and in preventing and restrain crimes against the environment and the food and agricultural compartment. It contributes in maintaining public order and safety, especially in rural and mountain areas. The service is responsible for enforcing civil law in national and regional parks and reserves. They control the application of the CITES Convention on international trade in endangered species. They support the regional services in fighting forest fire and they contribute to civil protection and social security in mountain and rural areas. They participate in monitoring and reporting on the national forest resources (e.g. national forest inventory). The service also contributes to enforce the water protection, hunting and garbage management law. The service is under the direct control of the Italian Ministry for Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policy.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: International Forest Fire News (IFFN) / IFFN
Language: English
Description: IFFN is an extensive biannual newsletter (each issue more than 100 p.). The issues (from 1998) are available from the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) web-pages. Country Notes are articles about forest fires in particular countries. The archive for Country Notes articles is organized by country and goes back to 1990. IFFN is an activity of the Team of Specialists on Forest Fire, of the Joint FAO/ECE/ILO Committee on Forest Technology, Management and Training, and the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC).
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Prevenció d'incendis forestals / Forest Fire Prevention
Language: EnglishSpanish
Description: Information about forest fire prevention in Catalonia. The information is grouped under various headings including: Rural Agencies; Forest defence agencies; Fire risk map; Fire statistics; Authorization to ignite fires; Fire prevention legislation; Campaigns; High fire risk municipalities; System of evaluation of fire risk; Maps.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF) / Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications; Centro de Investigación Ecológica y Aplicaciones Forestales
Language: EnglishSpanish
Description: CREAF is an institute dedicated to developing basic and applied research on terrestrial ecology. It is a public consortium established by the Catalan Government, the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), the University of Barcelona and the Institute of Catalan Studies (ICE). Major topics covered by CREAF include: Functional ecology of terrestrial ecosystems; Forest dynamics and management; Plant population biology; Ecological effects of global changes; Landscape ecology; Biodiversity and ecological processes; Fire ecology; Soil restoration; Land planning and sustainability. The following services are available via the CREAF webpages: Forest Information System (SIBosC) (Catalan); Land Cover Map (Catalan); Ecological and Forest Inventory (Catalan); search of CREAF publications database.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie - Arbeitsgruppe Feuerökologie / Max-Planck Chemical Institute - Fire Ecology Research Group
Language: English
Description: The website of the Fire Ecology Research Group of the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC). The site provides information about the effects of fires on forest ecology, and details of the working group, research, partners, publications, and courses.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Centre Tecnològic Forestal de Catalunya (CTFC) / Forest Technology Centre of Catalonia (CTFC)
Language: EnglishFrenchSpanish
Description: CTFC is a public consortia formed by the local and regional governments and the University of Lleida. Its mission is in education (courses, practices) and applied research in forests and related issues at the regional and European level. Research priorities include: Silviculture; Forest Management; Forest Fires; Forest Policy; and Wood and other Forest Products.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Burned Areas in Russia /
Language: English
Description: These data were produced at the Sukachev Institute of Forestry in Krasnoyarsk, using AVHRR satellite data from the receiving station in Krasnoyarsk as well as from the NOAA Satellite Active Archive. Fire activity was detected during the fire season by an algorithm based on determining the probability of a fire from the AVHRR thermal channels, and was enhanced by end-of-season mapping of fire scars. The period covered is from 1996 to 2002.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Défense des Forêts Contre l'Incendie (DFCI Aquitaine) /
Language: EnglishFrenchSpanish
Description: DFCI Aquitaine is an association pursuant to the French 1901 law that works to reduce the risk of forest fires in the Landes de Gascogne forest in southern France. It coordinates efforts in Landes, Gironde, Dordogne and Lot-et-Garonne.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Fire management - global assessment 2006 /
Language: English
Description: This study compliments the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 (FRA 2005), but presents information on fire in greater depth, including incidence, impact, and management in different regions of the world. The regions include Southeast Europe/Caucasus, Baltic and adjacent countries, and Mediterranean. An extensive bibliography and several annexes are provided, including a glossary.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Forest Fires Related EU Legislation /
Language: English
Description: Links to the EU legislation concerning forest fires.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Centro de Ecologia Aplicada Prof. Baeta Neves (CEABN) / Centre for Applied Ecology Prof. Baeta Neves
Language: EnglishPortuguese
Description: CEABN is a research centre within the Institute of Agronomy, Technical University of Lisbon. CEABN is located in the old house of Professor Baeta Neves, a forester after whom the centre is named and who pioneered the issue of Nature Conservation in Portugal. The CEABN team is composed of foresters, biologists and landscape architects most of them specialized in natural resource management. CEABN activities can be divided in 5 working areas that present specific objectives: Biodiversity in Agricultural and Forest Ecosystems; Wildlife Management; Fire Ecology and Management; Ecological Design and Landscape Architecture; Agro-Environment Education and Dissemination of Research Results.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Global Fire Emissions Database, Version 2 (GFEDv2.1) /
Language: English
Description: This data set consists of 1 degree x 1 degree gridded monthly burned area, fuel loads, combustion completeness, and fire emissions of carbon (C), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), molecular hydrogen (H2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitrous oxide (N2O), particulate matter (PM2.5), total particulate matter (TPM), total carbon (TC), organic carbon (OC), and black carbon (BC) for the time period January 1997 through December 2005. Users must register to access the database. The data can be accessed at - <<http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=849>>.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Instytut Badawczy Leśnictwa (IBL) / Forest Research Institute [Poland]
Language: EnglishPolish
Description: The Institute consists of thirteen scientific departments and an independent forest fire protection research laboratory that carry out scientific research and developmental work for the benefit of all forests, forest management and forestry needs in the range of forest afforestation and reforestation, tending, utilisation and protection, ecology, genetics, forest economics and policy, and carbon sequestration in Poland. The Institute actively participates in formulating legislation and forest policy of the State, and it undertakes activities for organs of the State. Information about forest activities in Poland, and daily fire danger (April to September) are available via the webpages of the institute. The institute also publishes the quarterly journal 'Leśne Prace Badawcze' (Forest Research Papers)- papers are in Polish with English abstracts.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: NASA Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) /
Language: English
Description: FIRMS provides MODIS hotspot/fire products to natural resource managers around the world in easy to use formats. There are a number of components, including: (1) Web Fire Mapper - an interactive WebGIS system; (2) an email alert service whereby users are informed by email/text message when a hotspot/fire occurs in or near a specified area of interest; (3) data downloads for the latest hotspots/fires; (4) and regional subsets of the MODIS images. Web Fire Mapper is an internet based mapping tool that delivers locations of hotspots/fires in near real time. For selected regions and countries you can view an interactive map showing hotspots/fires for a specified time period, combined with a choice of GIS layers and satellite imagery. In addition to the near real time hotspot/fire maps, Web Fire Mapper provides yearly global animations of monthly hotspots/fires. The global animation is created from monthly subsets to provide a synopsis of the burning pattern. The global animation cycles through an entire year to show the spatial and temporal variation of the burning in different parts of the world. These images help provide an understanding of the global pattern of hotspots/fires. Each hotspot detection represents the center of a 1 km pixel flagged as containing one or more actively burning hotspots/fires within that pixel. The hotspots/fires are detected using data from the MODIS (or Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instrument, on board NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Osservatorio Incendi Boschivi / Forest Fire Observatory
Language: EnglishItalian
Description: The aim of the Forest Fire Observatory is to increase the awareness of and improve knowledge in forest fires by collecting and communicating information on the causes, consequences, prevention and management of forest fire. In order to support environmental protection, the analysis of the national environmental legislation and the evaluation of its application are priority interests of the Observatory. It is also intended to offer the most up-to-date information on forest fires by functioning as a communication point for the topic. The website contains a database reporting national forest fire legislation, forest fire data and documents, and information on the Italian vegetation. The Observatory also collaborates with educational activities.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Prométhée /
Language: French
Description: Prométhée is a database of forest fires for 15 départements in south-east France. The database covers the period from 1973 to the latest year in which statistics have been published. Annual reports from 1997 are also available.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Silva Mediterranea /
Language: EnglishFrenchSpanish
Description: Silva mediterranea is a statutory body of FAO that covers the Mediterranean region. The work of the FAO Forestry statutory bodies is a combination of problem identification and policy and technical advice, to FAO, its members and others as appropriate. Membership in Silva Mediterranea is open to all members of the FAO African, European, and Near East Forestry Commissions, whose territories are situated wholly or in part in the Mediterranean basin proper or whose forest, agricultural, or grazing economies are intimately associated with those of the Mediterranean region. As of 2007 there were several working groups on: Forest fires; Cork oak; Land use and sustainable forest management; Future of Silva Mediterranea; Mediterranean conifers.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-1_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-3_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Aude_France /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Aude, France, including meteorology, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Fontaubella_Spain /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in La Torre de Fontaubella, Spain, including meteorology, timing, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Ogern_Spain /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Orgern, Spain, including meteorology, timing, wildfire behaviour, operations and tactical approach. The scenario is described with basic actions and photos illustrating the highlights.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Northumberland_UK /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Northumberland, United Kingdom, including a description of the scenario, meteorological conditions, map of fire behaviour and photos illustrating the highlights. The target was to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: UK Vegetation Fire Standard (UKVFS) - Data Fields and Terminology for Wildfire Incidents and Prescribed Burning Operations within Great Britain and Northern Ireland /
Language: English
Description: United Kingdom Vegetation Fire Standard (UKVFS) project is a multi-government agency and organisation approach to delivering vegetation fire (Outdoor fires) reporting. Presently the United Kingdom has limited evidence on the impacts of, and use of, vegetation fire. Many vegetation fires are poorly, if at all, reported and the true impact of these incidents and operations is not fully understood. This has resulted in United Kingdom not being on an equal footing with European and international colleagues in assessing and reporting the scale of wildfire as a policy area. At a national level our systems are limited and uncoordinated. 2. UKVFS provides 111 of data fields covering three data themes; core, impact and improvement. These themes are form from twelve data sections listed below: (1) Core Date - Incident Reference Number, Fire Dates and Times, Fire Location, Fire Size (burnt area in hectares) and Cause; (2) Impact Data - Environmental and Heritage, Access and Social and Economic; (3) Improvement Data Fire Behaviour, Fire Preparedness & Prevention, Fire Response, and Fire Safety. In providing these data fields it also ensures a comprehensive and standardise terminology for vegetation fires. The information can be used by fire, governance and land management sectors across three of the emergency service processes (preparedness, prevention and response).
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: UNECE Forest Fire Statistics /
Language: EnglishFrench
Description: Forest Fire Statistics provides statistics on forest fires in the UNECE region, Europe, North America and the countries of the CIS. The data include the number and size of fires by forest types and causes for the period from 1991 to 2001. Previous editions were published under the ECE/TIM series; since 1994 they have been included as part of the Timber Bulletin.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Авиалесоохрана / Avialesookhrana
Language: EnglishRussian
Description: AviaLesoOkhrana is a Russian state organisation concerned with the monitoring and prevention of forest fires. The site offers access to several topics related to forest fire issues in Russia: wildfire reports, wildfire maps, cloudiness composites and climatic data for registered users.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Suppression fire demonstration site_Coimbra-2_Portugal /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a suppression fire in Coimbra, Portugal, aimed to train fire professionals in fire use during a wildfire and to learn about fire behaviour and fire operation specificities in heather (Erica multiflora) habitat types. The scenario is described, including meteorological conditions, a map showing fire behaviour, and photos illustrating the highlights.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D4.1-1a Spatial and temporal statistics on wildfire regimes across Europe /
Language: English
Description: An assessment was made of the spatial and temporal distribution of fires in different areas in Italy, Switzerland, Greece and Portugal. In this first stage of analysis on fire selectivity, we focused solely on fire ignitions without taking into account the corresponding burned areas. The development of appropriate statistical methods for computing the strength of association between the burned area of wildfires and land cover classes on a coarse-scale basis will be the subject of additional work. The analyzed data sets are composed of: (i) 13377 fire records in Sardinia (Italy) during the period 2000-2004, (ii) 1331 fire records in the Cantons of Ticino, Graubuenden and Uri (Switzerland) during the period 1982-2005, (iii) 250 fire records in the Chalkidiki Peninsula (Macedonia, Greece) during the period 1985-1997, and (iv) 3023 fire records in the Coimbra Region (Portugal).
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D4.1-1b Publication describing wildfire regimes distribution in selected European study areas /
Language: English
Description: The deliverable is composed of four studies for different regions: (1) Analysis of the fire occurrence in the phytoclimatic regions of Sardinia; (2) Analysis of fire occurrences in the vegetation zones of Macedonia, Greece; (3) Assessing the relative fire proneness of different forest types in Portugal; (4) Selective burning of forest vegetation in Canton Ticino (Southern Switzerland).
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D8.2-1 Requirements concerning aerial observation /
Language: English
Description: This document about the aerial observation is a synthesis of needs, technical possibilities and constraints.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D10.1-1a-28 Survey of the existing academic and professional training materials related to forest fire /
Language: English
Description: Wildfires are a major problem for many European societies threatening human lives and property with disastrous impacts particularly at the wildland-urban interface. Furthermore, this issue has changed greatly in recent years and increasingly the reduction of wildfire hazard and the sustainable development of natural and managed ecosystems in Europe require new practices in wildland fire management, such as prescribed burning and suppression fire, together with increasing the public and political awareness through knowledge and technology transfers. This report is aimed to help solving the fire paradox by a better learning and training in the wise use of fire. We have accomplished a detailed survey of the existing academic and professional training materials related to forest fire. This review includes several countries: Spain, Portugal, Argentina, Morocco, Italy, France, Germany, and Chile. We have analyzed the official degrees concerned with wildland fire issues with special emphasis towards medium and higher levels of education (college and universities). This subject is mainly addressed in Forestry majors and related fields (i.e., environmental sciences). Often, the “wise use of fire” topic is only a small part of the wildland fire content. We have also reviewed the education addressing worker levels. This includes vocational education (for young people to get ready for the job market in “vegetation and fire management”) and internal agency education (specifically set up to training employees already in an organization or agency, i.e., firefighter department). The later are mostly short courses taught by vegetation or fire managers within the agency. Companies working for the administration also develop these short courses for their employees. In these wildland fire courses, we seldom find “fire use” as a topic. As a result, we propose a set of actions in order to promote the wise use of fire, to allow more tools (i.e., suppression fire use, prescribed burning use) for both vegetation and fire managers, and simultaneously helping to solve the fire paradox. The main proposals are a) to display, in Fire Intuition site (http://fireintuition.efi.int), the academic education and training programs that are available in the present about Suppression Fire and Fuel management. The objective is to make these informations more accessible to the general public and more specifically to prospective students and professional; b) to study how to set up a comprehensive certification process in fire management and to fire workers’ proficiency. In this way, we can get something alike the “red card” certification in USA and Canada that has helped them enormously in large fire conflagrations. In those situations, many people is involved from very diverse agencies and under a single Incident Commander. c) to promote within many universities and vocational schools the “fire paradox concept”, d) to educate and training in fire science and management, e) to promote the exchange of both instructors and students among universities and vocational schools from different countries or regions. Some are doing fine in this regard already. f). to promote an international master degree in Wildland Fire Management (a so called FireMaster proposal has been launch in this direction already) aimed to train and provide the best professionals (fire managers) ever to address this on going challenge of wildland fire damages and scares. In short we propose to promote the wise use of fire to help towards solving the fire paradox.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D10.1-2 Metadata developed on the existing academic and professional training material related to forest fire. /
Language: English
Description: The aim of this deliverable is to create a metadata-base of the existing academic and professional training material and courses related to forest fires and to organize them within the consortium of FIRE PARADOX. This deliverable deals with Learning Object Metadata (LOM) creation and manipulation. This metadata would provide a useful tool for different purposes such as the on-line part of a master degree in wildland fire science and management. Learning Object Metadata is a data model encoded in XML, used to describe a learning object and similar digital resources used to support learning. The purpose of learning object metadata is to support the reusability of learning objects, to aid discoverability, and to facilitate their interoperability, usually in the context of online learning management systems. LOM standards define the hierarchy of data elements for learning objects description. At the top level of the hierarchy are nine categories, which are described in details in this deliverable. For each data element, LOM specifies a name, explanation, size, example value, data type, and other key details. The “RELOAD Editor”, a Java application, was selected to create learning object metadata. The installation of the software, the metadata file creation, the metadata entering and the functionalities of this editor are described in this deliverable. Furthermore, the procedure for metadata indexing and storage is illustrated.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Deliverable 9.2-4-40 Report on final set of real-time demonstrations of suppression fires addressed, targeting local stakeholders as well as foresters and fire fighters. /
Language: English
Description: This is a set of demonstrations, which are characterized by using fire-attack techniques with technical fire; in real-time wildland fires, or in exercises with prescribed burning. By setting up these demonstrations, we opt for two different scenarios, which are categorized by: (i) Static demonstration scenarios (demonstrations which are carried out at sites previously prepared to burn, an outlined experimental field is used, or it concerns a controlled or prescribed burn), and (ii) Dynamic demonstration scenarios (those demonstrations are performed in real-time wildland fires and where the technical fire is used as a suppression tool). One of the most important features of the technical fire demonstrations is the probability for knowledge transfer and to improve the accumulation of experience. Also to gain experience and to exchange these between all members, by means of using sheets/forms, provided to capture the essence of the demonstrations (both static and dynamic). These forms consist of one section with characteristic data, and another part which explains in detail the realized operations with technical fire: Backfire, Burnout and Counter Fire.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D11.1-1 Review of main sources of communication on fire and natural disasters in Europe /
Language: English
Description: The goal of the deliverable D11.1.1 is to make a review of main sources of communication. So this report tries to answer mainly the following question: who diffuses information on fires and natural disasters? This report is concerned by describing the main transmitters of information in the field of wildfires and natural disasters. The structure is as follows: - Presentation of the main theoretical hypothesis and fundamental research axes which have been chosen to guide our research; - Investigation with the partners of the Fire paradox consortium and the main findings; - Search for reports produced on the aspect of communication in the field of natural disasters and wildfires, including short summaries of these reports.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D11.1.2 First review of the general literature concerning communication on natural disasters /
Language: English
Description: N/A
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Deliverable reference and title: D11.1-4 Assessment of the literature and various media information concerning the communication on fire (especially fire paradox) /
Language: English
Description: We draw four conclusions and one general orientation from the analysis of the role of the media: 1/ The media prefer to give attention to factual information and “hot” news. The media – especially the TV – emphasize the most spectacular aspects of the events (propagation of huge flames, material damages, victims, evacuation of threatened people…) 2/ Always in order to attract the public’s attention, the media need to personify information. Indeed, the public is all the more sensitive to news about fire since it may identify itself, positively or negatively, to characters or persons evoked or shown in written – or TV – reports. In this identification process, the “collective imaginary” (E. Morin) is fed by two antinomic characters, the fireman-heroe and the pyromaniac-devil. Both of them appear frequently in the journalistic production. 3/ Just after the attracting step, the media try to act as “knowledge mediators”. Beyond the most spectacular sides of the wildfires’reality, the media try to popularize the key-topics linked to prevention and prevention policies. In this field, the media’ purpose is not to touch the public’s emotions or feelings any more; it’s henceforth to question its mind and to supply complex arguments to its understanding of reality. This journalistic practice is more difficult than the previous one; that’s why it’s nowadays less common. 4/ The media catalyse a necessary public debate about forest fires’ prevention. Nowadays, this debate remains still limited. But the increasing involvement of the media into the mediatization of prevention and new approaches of fire-fighting (“fire against fire”) will invite more and more citizens, more and more non-governmental organizations or associations, to take into account civil protection problematics and to open fruitful discussions with politicians and authorities in charge of such questions. Finally, the assessment of various media information concerning the communication on fire points out the three traditional functions of the media, that is the revealing function (the media as “enlarging lenses”), the popularizing function (the media as “knowledge mediators”) and the debate-catalysing function (the media as “modern Agora”). In the field of communication on fire, the media have already developed the first of these three functions; they need to reinforce the two others in a near future. For the media, that’s the main challenge to cope with.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: D11.1-5 Report to the European Commission: synthesis of the state of the art /
Language: English
Description: First we present the classical communication approach which considers the process of communication mainly in a “mechanistic” way. At this stage we already propose a general theoretical framework which is very operational to develop a public awareness strategy in the field of wildland fires: we indicate main key points of the communication strategy in the case of wildfires. The review of the literature confirms that these key points are often used as a basis in applied communication strategies in the case of natural disasters. Secondly we insist on the role of the media since the media are nowadays the main channels of communication and they contribute to influence collective attitudes, perceptions or beliefs. We highlight the necessity to adapt the messages, the communication channels and tools to the categories of public. Then we show that it is necessary to go further by taking into account the complexity of the information system concerning communication on fire. A preliminary information system will be presented concerning communication on fire in France. And we propose to articulate this information system with the communication strategy by integrating the human dimensions of communication. Involving the stakeholders is very important for an efficient communication process. Finally all the preceding analyses and the lessons drawn from risk communication studies lead us to a new approach integrating different dimensions of communication, in particular risk, human relationship and the information system. In the conclusion we propose some first guidelines to define a public awareness strategy adapted to the Fire Paradox case.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Deliverable 9.2-4-40 Report on final set of real-time demonstrations of suppression fires addressed, targeting local stakeholders as well as foresters and fire fighters. /
Language: English
Description: This is a set of demonstrations, which are characterized by using fire-attack techniques with technical fire; in real-time wildland fires, or in exercises with prescribed burning. By setting up these demonstrations, we opt for two different scenarios, which are categorized by: (i) Static demonstration scenarios (demonstrations which are carried out at sites previously prepared to burn, an outlined experimental field is used, or it concerns a controlled or prescribed burn), and (ii) Dynamic demonstration scenarios (those demonstrations are performed in real-time wildland fires and where the technical fire is used as a suppression tool). One of the most important features of the technical fire demonstrations is the probability for knowledge transfer and to improve the accumulation of experience. Also to gain experience and to exchange these between all members, by means of using sheets/forms, provided to capture the essence of the demonstrations (both static and dynamic). These forms consist of one section with characteristic data, and another part which explains in detail the realized operations with technical fire: Backfire, Burnout and Counter Fire.
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher:
Title: Deliverable D9.1-4-1000 Guidelines for prescribed burning for the specific vegetation types assessed within the FIRE PARADOX community /
Language: English
Description: In this paper guidelines for prescribed burning inside pine stands are provided for Southern Africa. Where applicable, these guidelines have been extended to Mediterranean countries in Europe, where pine stands are growing under near-similar conditions, in related natural vegetation bases. It was determined that - where pine trees were established in dynamic grasslands - fire can be applied without damage to the trees when the trees are still relatively young, but that is not the case when pine trees are growing inside a shrubland vegetation base. In the case of the latter existence of a significant percentage of the base vegetation present, may force postponement of the earliest burning date to a stage when tree crown canopies have suppressed most of this vegetation. Subsequently the degree of crown canopy closure was found to be the major influencing factor in determining the degree of difficulty of prescribed burning inside pine stands: The closer the tree crown canopy, the easier it will be to apply fire with an acceptable degree of safety. Adversely, it was determined that the more dominant natural vegetation (particularly shrubland) was present inside pine stands, the more difficult it will be to apply prescribed burning inside stands without damage to the trees, and that tree mortality could be possible (de Ronde et al. 1990; de Ronde et al. 2004b). Photoseries, forest floor classifications and fuel classifications have been identified as useful fuel-assessment tools for the application of prescribed fire with confidence and - where these do not exist at a regional scale - the development of such fire management tools is strongly recommended (de Ronde, 2008a). The relative role of cambium damage and tree crown scorch have also been presented in this paper, by species, vegetation base, tree age and tree growth rate (tree size). Recommendations have also been provided how to restrict fire damage to trees under various burning conditions and tree stand characteristics. These recommendations were also extended to certain regions within some Mediterranean countries (de Ronde, 1988; de Ronde et al., 1990).
Date:
TypeFormat:
Publisher: