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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Rangendingen /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Rangendingen, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary dry calcarious grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: D7.4-2 Review on CO2 emissions mitigation through prescribed burning options to apply prescribed fires within the frame of the Kyoto protocol a case study in Patagonia /
Language: English
Description: Although wildland fire is known as a natural force that has shaped most vegetation types of the world, its mismanagement during the last century has lead to more frequent and catastrophic fires at present times. Apart from the concern raised globally on how to deal with this problem, wildland fires are also being recognized as one of the sources of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG´s) that influence global climate change. One of the techniques used to reduce the risk of destructive wildfires (i.e. prescribed burning), has also the theoretical potential of mitigating carbon emissions, and effectively contributes to the efforts proposed as part of the Clean Development Mechanism within the Kyoto protocol. In order to apply this concept to a real case, a study was set in pine afforestations of the Andean region of Patagonia, Argentina, with the objective of evaluating the potential of prescribed burns for reducing GHG’s emissions. The scenario was established for a period of ten years, in which prescribed burns were compared to the traditional management scheme, which included the probability of annual average of wildfire occurrence based on available wildfire statistics. The two contrasting situations were: 1) Managed afforestations, affected by the annual average rate of wildfires occurred in the same type of afforestations in the region, without prescribed burning, and 2) Same as 1) but with the application of prescribed burning. In order to estimate carbon stocks, and CO2 removals and emissions, we followed the directions given for GHG´s inventories on the AFOLU sector of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Data of afforested area, thinnings, and biomass growth were taken from previous surveys in the study area. Downed dead wood and litter (Forest Fuel Load, FFL) was estimated adjusting equations fitted to those fuels, based on field data. Results show that comparing the two scenarios, prescribed burning reduced CO2 emissions by 44% as compared to the situation without prescribed burnings. Prescribed burning emissions represented about 12% of the total emissions (prescribed burning plus wildfires). Furthermore, avoided wildfires by prescribed burnings allowed an additional 78% GHG's emission mitigation due to extra biomass growth, and its emission mitigation could be kept positive by increasing the treated area several times the used here. In summary, prescribed burnings probed to be a management practice that could not only help prevent wildfires to achieve productive objectives, but also an efficient tool to mitigate worldwide GHG’s emissions.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_St. Johann /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in St. Johann, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary dry calcarious grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Portugal_Marao /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Serra do Marão,Portugal: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was the creation of a network of fuel breaks to prevent wildfire propagation, protecting forest areas and improve grazing in mountainous shrublands. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Cloppenburg /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Cloppenburg, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and improvement of Calluna vulgaris habitat. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: D7.1-1.1-36 List and classification of the existing EU and national forest legislation and national policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires /
Language: English
Description: A compilation and classification was made of existing regulations and policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires, both in North African countries and for Europe. Since wildland fire issues are mainly dealt within national forest policies, this analysis has mainly focused on the national scale, although the existence of different multilevel governance structures make it necessary to address the issue on a regional level in decentralized countries. Thus, three types of regulatory texts are identified as relevant for the Integrated Wildland Fire Management: (i) Basic Forest Legislation, (ii) Basic Wildland Fire Legislation, and (iii) Specific Legislation on the Use of Fire. Concerning policy instruments, two planning documents have been considered: National/Regional Forest Programmes and specific plans concerning defence and protection against wildfires. Its typology depends on (i) the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies, and (ii) the responsibility allocation within each national governance structure (situation of decentralization). The compilation and classification of these documents was based on the information obtained from a questionnaire sent to the national experts of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the Commission, and on other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. The review of existing wildland fire legal and policy instruments in 21 EU countries and three North African countries has identified the following key issues: (1) The existence of a range of definitions related to wildland fire management, with different meanings in different European settings as well as differing legal terminology for these terms. (2) The importance of the structure of national governance. The degree of decentralization will determine where the responsibilities are allocated and how they are developed. Therefore, the structure of national governance will be one of the main factors guiding future assessment of national forest policies. (3) The influence of the European Union in national forest policies through EU regulations dealing with specific aspects of the forest sector or forest-related issues, as a complement to national activities, where necessary. (4) There is a great diversity among the regulatory texts and policy instruments related to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires in European and North African countries, due to the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies and the different wildfire risk in each national/regional context. (5) Few of the analysed countries have a specific wildland fire law or regulation. Most of them deal with wildfires within their Forest Laws, through a specific chapter dedicated to wildfires (Southern countries) or in a general chapter on forest protection (Northern countries). (6) There are some countries that do not yet have a specific policy for wildland fires, but progress on forest policy is noted in all the countries included in the report. (7) The compilation of policy instruments shows that 12 of 17 countries considered in the document have a specific wildland fire plan or strategy; these are often linked to national forest policy. (8) Regulation of the use of fire in Europe, although extensive, has focused almost exclusively on the regulation of activities that involve the use of fire in wildland areas or close to these areas (i.e. fire for recreation, alimentation purposes or traditional rural practices). However, fire use for forest management, wildfire prevention and for wildfire suppression receives little attention in legislation. When addressed, it is usually authorized but not regulated, possibly due to the recent development of these perspectives in the continent.
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Title: Deliverable D.7.1-1-2 Assessment document on the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and policy instruments concerning integrated wildland fire management in the EU, in European Member States and in North African countries /
Language: English
Description: Wildfires are one of the main risks affecting European forests, particularly in the Mediterranean countries. Socio-economic changes, some forest management actions and other policy measures outside the forest sector (i.e. environmental and nature protection policies) have generally influenced the flammability of ecosystems and increased the risk of large wildfires. Policy and legislation have great relevance in fire management in order to face the new realities that are bringing about fundamental changes within the forest sector. This document is the second step in the analysis process of the existing European and national legislation and policy instruments with reference to wildland fires. The first step was the compilation and classification of the related documents. This document presents the assessment of the main strengths and weaknesses of the legislation and policy outputs in order to consider their contributions to integrated wildland fire management. The assessment is based on the information obtained through a questionnaire sent to the national representatives of the Expert Group on Forest Fires (a group linked to the European Forest Fire Information System, EFFIS, established by the Joint Research Centre, JRC, of the European Commission), national fire technicians and other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. The territorial scope covers the European Union including its 27 Member States and a representation of the North African countries through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. However, not all the EU-countries are included in the present document due to the lack of official information. The scales considered for the analysis are the European Union context and the national level. The assessment of the wildfire related legislation and policy instruments has tried to address, considering not only the sometimes limited information available but also, and most important, the general descriptive and self-complementary tone of the primary material analyzed, the following issues: (1) Are existing legislation and policies adapted to the specific national contexts? (2) Are policies and legislations implemented and enforced correctly? (3) Are national policies iterative and participatory processes? Is the legal framework open to revision and dynamic? (4) Which are the major fire-related issues considered in order to achieve Integrated Wildland Fire Management? (5) Is there effective cross-sectoral coordination among the different organizations working on wildland fires? (6) The responsibility for reducing the likelihood and consequence of wildfires is appropriately shared between the public administration and private land owners/managers. As a result of the analysis of the existing wildland fire legal and policy instruments the following strengths and weakness have been identified: (1) There are shortcomings in national regulations that need to be sorted out in order to provide a useful, self-contained and common wildfire legal framework for the Member States. This statement is especially evident as regards prescribed fire and suppression fire regulations. (2) Even though the European legislation has contributed to homogenize national legal frameworks, there are still important differences among countries. The comprehensiveness and scope of national regulations is above all different if Mediterranean countries (including France and Bulgaria, which share similar problems) are compared with other European countries. (3) Most forestry-related documents hardly ever mention wildfire management. In fact, there are some countries that do not have a specific policy for wildland fires yet, but some progress is to be noticed in all countries as wildfires are becoming a growing problem. (4) The diverse risk severity of wildfires in the national contexts and the different political and administrative systems existing in each country justify to some extent the differing scope of each country's national legal and policy instruments. Besides, the vagueness of the concept of sustainable forest management allows for the introduction of taylored practices in different contexts, let alone the reference to the diverse environmental circumstances in Europe that many that EU documents have incorporated. (5)Lack of an effective coordination among the different units dealing with wildland fires is clearly a weak point. Further, problems of coordination are aggravated by the fact that many countries have federal systems (multilevel governance frequently leads to time-consuming processes and sub-optimal results) or are undergoing decentralization trends. (6) Regarding community-based cooperation, organized groups of local stakeholders are emerging especially in Mediterranean countries. These groups contribute to fire management as a result of instrumental motivation, or self-interest. Furthermore, some common ecological and socio-economical patterns have been recognised at the regional level, which will be used to provide recommendations for the future and to set the basis for a new legislation and policy measures relative to integrated wildland fire management, adapted to each territorial context.
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Title: FIRE PARADOX Project Summary / An innovative approach of integrated wildland fire management regulating the wildfire problem by the wise use of fire: solving the fire paradox
Language: English
Description: Man has always used fire in nature but its misuse can end in catastrophe and, as a Finnish proverb says, "fire is a bad master but a good servant". Contemporary trends of fuel accumulation on the landscape caused by land abandonment are aggravated by efficient fire suppression, with the paradoxical effect of increasing the risk of large and devastating wildfires in the Mediterranean Basin. No matter how sophisticated it is fire fighting technology cannot cope with fire events occurring under extreme weather conditions, as the summers of 2003, 2004 and 2005 have shown. Past European research and practical experience in various countries highlight the need to design fire management and wildfire hazard mitigation policies adapted to the European situation. It is the ambition of FIRE PARADOX to contribute actively to set the bases for a fire management policy that would prevent the current disastrous social, economical and environmental consequences of wildfires in southern Europe.
Date: 20/02/2007
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats,OfficeDocument,TextDoc,Adobe Acrobat [.pdf]]
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Title: D7.1-2.1 List and classification of the existing EU and national policy instruments with reference to wildland, suppression or prescribed fires /
Language: English
Description: This report was prepared as part of IP FIRE PARADOX (2006-2010), in the section related with Policies and Practices Assessment (Module 7). The overall objective of the FIRE PARADOX project is to set the basis for the analysis of wildfire policy instruments at the national and European level in order to provide recommendations for long-term policy measures and to encourage a shift towards integrated wildland fire management adapted to specific territorial contexts. For this purpose, it was necessary to compile, list and classify the existing policy instruments in North African countries and on the pan-European scale with reference to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires. In Europe, there is no common forest policy. The development of forest policies, and therefore wildland fire issues, is the responsibility of Member States. However, the European Union can have an influence directly or indirectly and complement national forest policy processes through the approval of regulations, directives and action plans. As wildland fire issues are mainly dealt with as a part of national forest policies, the existence and typology of the national forest planning documents depends on (¡) the different rhythms and evolving stages of the forest policies and (ii) the responsibility allocation within each national governance structure (situation of decentralization). Two planning documents comprise the main policy instruments in relation with wildfires: National/Regional Forest Programmes and specific plans concerning defence and protection against wildfires. The compilation and classification of these documents is based on the information obtained through a questionnaire sent to the national experts of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the Commission, and other relevant databases with information about wildfires and national forest policies. This review of existing wildland fire policy instruments has identified the following key issues: • There is a wide range of definitions of wildland fire topics among the different countries considered in the report. Each uses its own terminology, and in many cases the meaning of terminology is not set forth in law. Carrying out a review of documents from a large number of countries demonstrated the importance of setting clear definitions for basic terms. • The structure of national governance is crucial. The degree of decentralization determines where responsibilities are allocated and how they are developed. Therefore, multilevel governance structure will be one of the main factors guiding future assessment of national forest policies. • There are some countries that do not yet have a specific policy for wildland fires, but progress on forest policy is noted in all the countries included in the report. • The compilation of policy instruments shows that 8 of 12 countries considered in the document have a specific wildland fire plan or strategy; these are often linked to national forest policy. There is a great diversity among the existing policy instruments related to wildland, suppression and prescribed fires in European and North African countries. The risk severity of wildfires in the national contexts and the different political and administrative systems existing in each country justify the differing scope of each country’s national policy instruments. Here, we present a first version of the list and classification of the national policy instruments based on the information obtained from Bulgaria, Cyprus, France, Latvia, Lithuania, Morocco, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Tunisia.
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Title: D 7.1-3.7 Guidelines to mitigate personal risk in prescribed burning and suppression fire /
Language: English
Description: This report is a contribution to define the major measures in job hazard abatement actions that should be implemented when we use fire as either vegetation management or suppression tool. Both prescribed fire and suppression fires are the updated versions of several traditional practices. This modern and technical use involves safety items for both fire workers and nearby residents. If we accept that a major move towards solving the fire paradox is using fire wisely, we should work on best job hazard abatement actions. To do so, we will address in this study, two main constraints: (1) the opposition and distrust from both the workers who have to apply these techniques (i.e., firefighters, land managers, policy makers), and residents and others stakeholders who may be affected by smoke or fire; and (2) the fact that European laws (and from other countries too) mandate proper work in safety issues. The first problem to be solved is the lacking of specific regulations regarding fire use (in many countries) in both forestry and labor ruling. Some people do consider this equal to formal exclusion of fire use. On the contrary, we propose to go beyond and apply the general ruling from EEC Directive 81/391. In doing so, we will promote the developing of specific regulations regarding fire use, like there are in other economic activities in both governmental and private sectors.
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Title: D7.4-1 Review report on emissions mitigation through prescribed burning /
Language: English
Description: Forest fires have the potential to feed back to global climate change because of the emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The amount of biomass burning over the past 100 years has increased dramatically and is now recognised as a significant global source of atmospheric emissions. The techniques that are used to reduce the risk of destructive wildfires, such as prescribed burning, also have the potential of mitigating carbon emissions in the context of the Kyoto Protocol. The current study reviews the importance of accounting for emissions from forest fires and shows that prescribed burning can be a means of reducing carbon emissions. However, very limited data are available on European scale to fully explore its potential. The limited studies suggest that significant reductions can be obtained and that prescribed burning can be a viable option for mitigating CO2 emissions in fire prone countries. The present analyses show that the potential reduction attained by such techniques as a percentage of the reduction in emissions required by the Kyoto Protocol varies from country to country. Out of the 33 countries investigated, in only one the requirements of the Kyoto could potentially be achieved by applying prescribed burning, while three other nations showed a potential reduction of 4-8% of the Kyoto requirements. The majority showed a reduction of less than 2%. This implies that prescribed burning can only make a significant contribution in those countries with high fire occurrence. Over a five year period the emissions from wildfires in the European region were estimated to be 11 million tonnes of CO2 per year, while with prescribed burning application this was approximately six million tonnes, a potential reduction of almost 50%. This means that for countries in the Mediterranean region it may be worthwhile to account for the reduction in emissions obtained when such techniques are applied.
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Title: TEST - tim /
Language: English
Description: TEST TEST TEST
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Title: Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) /
Language: English
Description: The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) provides a global portal for wildland fire documentation, information and monitoring and is publicly accessible through the Internet. The regularly updated national to global wildland fire products of the GFMC are generated by a worldwide network of cooperating institutions. The online and offline products include: (1) Early warning of fire danger and near-real time monitoring of fire events, (2) Interpretation, synthesis and archive of global fire information, (3) Support of local, national and international entities to develop long-term strategies or policies for wildland fire management, (4) Serve as advisory body to the UN system through the coordination of the UN-ISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group and the ISDR Global Wildland Fire Network, (5) Emergency hotline and liaison capabilities for providing assistance for rapid assessment and decision support in response to wildland fire emergencies.
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Title: TEST activity report /
Language: English
Description: TEST TEST TEST
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Title: Regulating the wildfire problem by the wise use of fire / Fire Paradox Leaflet 2006
Language: English
Description: An Innovative Approach of Integrated Wildland Fire Management Regulating the Wildfire Problem by the Wise Use of Fire: Solving the Fire Paradox
Date: 27/02/2008
TypeFormat: [Resource Types and Formats,OfficeDocument,TextDoc,Adobe Acrobat [.pdf]]
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: COST Action FP0701. Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe /
Language: English
Description: Cost Action FP0701, Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe, is a network of researchers and practitioners working in the field of fire ecology and forest management from all around Europe. The action commenced in May 2008 and will continue for four years. The main objective of this Action is to develop and disseminate scientifically-based decision criteria for post-fire management, applicable from stand-level to landscape-level planning. The short-term expected result is to increase the scientific basis for undertaking appropriate post-fire management practices in Southern Europe; the long-term expected result is to improve the effectiveness in restoring burned areas and reduce fire hazard in European forests and landscapes.
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Title: This is a test record FBS. / compiled by TimR
Language: English
Description: The Forest-Based Sector Technology Platform (FTP) aims at defining and implementing a research and development roadmap for the European forest-based sector. The platform is supported in its endeavours by a wide range of stakeholders. The FTP is an industry-driven platform for collaboration in a sector which makes crucial contributions to the sustainable development and competitiveness of Europe.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Las_Mesas /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Mateo, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, plot preparation, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and prevention around structures in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person. Effects of a wildfire in the same area are shown as well.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning_South Africa / Deliverable D9.1-4-1000: Guidelines for prescribed burning for the specific vegetation types assessed within the FIRE PARADOX community
Language: English
Description: In this paper guidelines for prescribed burning inside pine stands are provided for Southern Africa. Where applicable, these guidelines have been extended to Mediterranean countries in Europe, where pine stands are growing under near-similar conditions, in related natural vegetation bases. Photo series, forest floor classifications and fuel classification, including fire behavior, as well as the relative role of cambium damage and tree crown scorch are presented, by species, vegetation base, tree age and tree growth rate (tree size). Recommendations have also been provided how to restrict fire damage to trees under various burning conditions and tree stand characteristics.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Sweden_Kvibille /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Kvibille, Sweden: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was to restore the oak dominated stands (Quercus robur/petrea) as an open forest landscape to induce the occurrence of fire promoted and fire dependent species and to control late successional shade tolerant species. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Haltern /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Haltern am See, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and improvement of Calluna vulgaris habitat. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Drover Heathland /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Cloppenburg, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and regeneration of Calluna vulgaris. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Zschorno /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Zschorno, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession to maintain open habitat structures of Black Grouse, and the creation of fuelbreaks (bufferzones) between pine stands to improve wildfire control. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Lueneburg /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Lueneburg Heath, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary dry calcarious grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Morsum-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Morsum on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlantic Calluna heathlands. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Artenara and San Mateo /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Artenara and San Mateo, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was training and wildfire prevention in a Pine forest with vigorous shrubs. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Fischweier /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Fischweier, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary fresh till wet grassland vegetation and suppression of the establishment of woody plants . A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Bernau /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Bernau, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary high mountain grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Osorio /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Teror, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, plot preparation, prescription, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention, forest dynamics acceleration in a Pine forest and training of the fire service. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Sweden_Stormyran-Lommyran /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Ånge, Sweden: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of Boreal forest, recreation of fire prone stand structure and reintroduction of natural disturbances. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed_burning_demonstration_site_Spain_Sierra Alta /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Lorenzo de Calatrava, Central Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, ignition pattern, site description, effects, and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was fuel load reduction of a pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Fire Emission Production Simulator (FEPS) / FEPS
Language: English
Description: The Fire Emission Production Simulator (FEPS) is a user-friendly computer program designed for scientists and resource managers with some working knowledge of Microsoft Windows applications. The software manages data concerning consumption, emissions and heat release characteristics of prescribed burns and wildland fires, including the amount and fuel moisture of various fuel strata, hourly weather, and a number of other factors. FEPS can be used for most forest, shrub, and grassland types in North America and the world. Download and teaching materials are available on the website.
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Title: Video_Presribed Burning_Spain_Cuevas Caballero / Video_Quema Prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: National Interagency Prescribed Fire Training Center (PFTC) / PFTC
Language: English
Description: The PFTC is made up of, and supported by different interagency partners in the US. Its mission is to provide opportunities for federal, state, local, and tribal government agencies and other organizations to build skills and knowledge of prescribed fire, with an emphasis on field experience. It is a program blending maximum field prescribed burning experience with a flexible curriculum of classroom instruction on topics of interest to prescribed fire practitioners. Participants hailing from the US and international agencies receive instruction in fire behavior, firing techniques and high reliability organizing.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Bordelum /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Bordelum and Langenhorn, North Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of continental Calluna heathlands through suppression of succession. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: University of Lleida - Unit of Forest Fires (UL-UFF) / UL-UFF
Language: EnglishSpanish
Description: The mission of UL-UFF is to provide academic training for graduate and undergraduate students and conduct scientific research in the fields of wildland fire science, forest ecology, and forest management. UL-UFF offers a master degree in wildland fire management and is involved in the MSc of European Forestry.Furthermore, wildland fire software, photos and videos on prescribed burning and fire fighting can be found on the website.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Pico_de_la_Gorra /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Mateo, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention in a Pine forest with vigorous shrubs. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_La_Vileta_2 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Tremp, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description,prescirption, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildland fire prevention and improvement of grazing opportunities. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Portugal_Labruja /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Labruja, NW Portugal: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, effects, and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and understory fuel load reduction in maritime pine plantations. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Mongolia_Tunkel /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Mandal Soum, Tunkhel village in Mongolia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, ignition pattern, site description, effects, and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was fuel load reduction for demonstration in a Pine forest with grass and herbs. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning as a tool for the Mediterranean region - a management approach (FIRE TORCH) / FIRE TORCH
Language: EnglishFrench
Description: The global objective of the FIRE TORCH project was to improve the prescribed burning decision making process, creating the operational basis that will support an extensive use of the technique. The four general objectives were: to identify and analyze the opportunities for prescribed fire development; to model prescribed burning environmental effects and operational know-how; to develop a Decision Support System focusing on the different stages of a burning operation: prescription, execution and evaluation; and to contribute to the technique diffusion and practitioners training. As results a field guide for managers to appraise information necessary to conduct a prescribed burn, and a training and decision support system consisting of integrated software tools were developed. The project ran from 1998 to 2000.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Sierra_Alta_2 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in San Lorenzo de Calatrava, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was firefighter training and wildfire prevention in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Luetjenholm /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Zschorno, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlantic Calluna heathlands. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Val de Nocedo /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Val de Nocedo, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was to analyse the long-term effects of the use of prescribed burning on tree growth and soil properties in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Coll_de_Banyuls /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Rabós, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, ignition pattern, execution, ignition pattern, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and prevention around structures in a Pine forest. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Oberstetten /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Oberstetten, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_La_Vileta /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn inTremp, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, ignition pattern, execution, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was wildfire prevention and improvement of grazing opportunities. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Brueggen-Bracht /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Brueggen-Bracht, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was control of forest succession and improvement of Calluna vulgaris habitat. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Working on Fire / WoF
Language: English
Description: Working on Fire is a South African, government-funded, multi-partner organisation focused on Integrated Fire Management and veld and wild firefighting. Activities are performed in the fields of fire awareness, fire prevention, prescribed burning, resource sharing and co-ordination, fire detection, fire suppression, and fire damage rehabilitation at local, regional and national level. Working on Fire has achieved significant successes as a poverty alleviation programme by providing fire fighting training.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Cuevas de Caballero /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Artenara, Gran Canaria, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, ignition pattern, site description, prescription, execution, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was research and wildfire prevention. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Mildstedt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Mildstedt, North Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlantic Calluna heathland.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Ettenheimmuenster /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Ettenheimmuenster, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of ordinary grassland and suppression of the establishment of woody plants. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: EuroFire /
Language: English
Description: EuroFire is an international partnership that has developed a competency based training system for wildfire and prescribed fire management. The outputs of the new European-wide, multi-lingual, on-line training resources include: competency standards, training modules, illustrations and general guidance on a competency based training system. The system incorporates examples of good practices from Europe and around the world. The key target user groups for the EuroFire training materials are: fire-fighters, the rural and land-based sector, industry organisations and education and training institutions. EuroFire was a 2 year project running from 2006 to 2008.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Pico Gorra / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Pico Gorra
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near San Mateo in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was infrastructure protection and fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: Eurasian Fire in Nature Conservation Network (EFNCN) / EFNCN
Language: English
Description: The EFNCN provides a platform and networking mechanism for those who actively apply or conduct research in prescribed burning for the purpose of nature conservation (biodiversity management, habitat management), landscape management and forestry. The region of interest is temperate-boreal Eurasia and the adjoining countries of Southeast Europe, Caucasus, Central and Northeast Asia. A review on the cultural fire history and fire ecology of Central Northern Europe is presented on this site with an extensive list of bibliography as well as a list of EFNCN and related meetings.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Pico Gorra_2 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Pico Gorra_2
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near San Mateo in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was infrastructure protection and fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevos Caballero_2 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevos Caballero_2
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forests.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_3 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_3
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_4 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_4
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a low intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fuel load reduction in a Canarian Pine forest.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_5 / Video_Quema prescrita_Espana_Cuevas Caballero_5
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a high intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fire ecology research in Canarian Pine ecosystems.
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Title: Video_Prescribed burn_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_6 / Video_Quema prescrita_Spain_Cuevas Caballero_6
Language: Spanish
Description: The video shows a high intensity prescribed burn in a protected area near Artenara in Gran Canaria, Spain. The objective was fire ecology research in Canarian Pine ecosystems.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_UK_Abernethy /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Abernethy, United Kingdom: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was improved Scots Pine seedling establishment and improved Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) habitat. A second experimental burn aimed to improve Scots Pine seedling establishment combined with improved Black Grouse (Tetrao tetrix) habitat. Prescribed burning was conducted on a pine forest with heather on the open ground. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_UK_Dalwhinnie /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Dalwhinnie, United Kingdom: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was experimental fires for determination of fire behaviour characteristics in heather.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_UK_Pentland Hills /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Pentland Hills, United Kingdom: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was validation and further development of empirical fire behaviour models for FireBeaters project in heathland.
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Title: Florida Center for Wildfire and Forest Resources Management Training (FCW&FRMT) / FCW&FRMT
Language: English
Description: The Florida Center for Wildfire and Forest Resources Management Training (FCW&FRMT) provides needed training to the public and private sector in forest resource management, prescribed fire, and wildfire management. The Florida Wildland Fire Training focuses heavily on wildland/urban interface issues and tactics.
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Title: Wildfire Specialists Inc. /
Language: English
Description: Wildfire is an accredited company recognized by the Ministry of Natural Resources that provides fire fighting training as well as trained and experienced firefighters and over head for various Wildland Fire configurations for contracting throughout Canada and world-wide. Staff qualified and experienced in areas such as prescribed burn planning, prescribed burn implementation, ecological burning, slash reduction, and burn out operations is also offered. Forest fire fighting equipment is available for lease or rent.
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Title: Forest Fire Laboratory /
Language: English
Description: The Forest Fire Laboratory in Riverside, California, is a field research facility of the Pacific Southwest Research Station, headquartered in Albany, California. The laboratory is one of two Forest Service Labs in the nation devoted primarily to fire research. The five research units located at the Forest Fire Laboratory conduct research in the broad areas of Air Quality, Fire Science (prescribed fire, fire effects, wildland fire management etc.), and Recreation.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Argentina_Picat /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Catamarca, Argentina: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, execution and fire effects. The purpose of the treatment was brush control, specifically to prune low branches of shrub plants and small trees in order to facilitate transit and forage availability for livestock.
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Title: Southwest Fire Use Training Academy (FUTA) / FUTA
Language: English
Description: The Southwest Fire Use Training Academy develops leadership skills in wildland fire use and prescribed fire through the integration of classroom and field-facilitated learning opportunities. The program uses existing fuels programs and facilities throughout the country and exposes trainees to a large variety of interagency fuels management programs.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Porrejon /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn at Monte Porrejon near Jubrique, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, fire behaviour, and effects. The purpose of the treatment was to analyze the long-term effects of the use of prescribed burning on tree growth in a Pine forest.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Spain_Dozon /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Dozón, Spain: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description, prescription, execution, ignition pattern, fire behaviour, and effects. The main purpose of the treatment was to analyze the effects of the use of different preventive techniques on the reconstruction of the fuel complex, on the fire behavior some years later and on soil properties (physical and chemical) in shrubland.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Germany_Braderup-Sylt /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in Braderup on the island Sylt, Germany: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was restoration of atlanticl Calluna heathland. A management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-5 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and conifer forest regeneration stimulation. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Plot of soil into the forest of Lousã where a prescribed mosaic fire had been realisedParcelle dans la forêt de Lousã où il a été réalisé un brûlage dirigé (de gauche vers le centre de la photo), en mosaïqueParcela en la Floresta de Lousã donde se realizó la quema dirigida (de izquierda hacia el centro de la fotografía) a mosaico Parcella nella Foresta di Lousã dove stato realizzato il fuoco controllato ( da sinistra verso il centro dell’immagine) a mosaico Parcela na Serra da Lousã onde se realizou fogo controlado (da esquerda para o centro da imagem) em mosaico
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Prescribed fire plots in São Pedro do Sul Parcelle de brulage dirigé à São Pedro do Sul Parcela de quema dirigida a São Pedro do Sul Parcella di fuoco controllato a São Pedro do Sul Parcela de fogo controlado em São Pedro do Sul
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Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
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Title: European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS /
Language: English
Description: The purpose of the service is described as "to provide relevant information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions". EFFIS provides information for the protection of forests against fire in Europe, addressing both pre-fire and post-fire conditions. On the pre-fire phase, EFFIS is focused both on the development of systems to provide forest fire risk forecast based on existing fire risk indices, and on the development of new integrated forest fire risk indicators (EFFIS - Risk Forecast). These indices permit the harmonised assessment of forest fire risk at the European scale. They may be used as tools for the assessment of risk situations in cases where international co-operation in the field of civil protection is needed. On the post-fire phase, EFFIS is focused on the estimation of annual damage caused by forest fires in southern EU. All burned areas larger than 50 ha, which account for around 75 % of the total area burnt in southern Europe are mapped every year using satellite imagery (EFFIS - Damage Assessment).The first cartography of forest fire damages in southern EU was produced for the year 2000 and has continued in subsequent years. Additionally, as from 2003 a new activity for rapid assessment of forest fire damage has been developed in order to map all the fires larger than 100 ha twice during the fire season: at the beginning of August and at the beginning of October (EFFIS - Rapid Damage Assessment). The intended users are Civil Protection and Forest Services, in the Member States. The online map system is interactive and can be used by anyone. Some documents and publications are available for download by the public. There is a designated download area of the website, but access to this is restricted.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-2 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing, stimulation of conifers regeneration, and saving of groups of young trees (preliminary forest regeneration). A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: PiroPinus version 2.0 /
Language: English
Description: PiroPinus is a prescribed burning guide for maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) stands in the form of a spreadsheet, conceived for operational use in the planning and evaluation of hazard reduction burns in natural fuels, i.e. slash from pruning or thinning is not present. It can also be used as a research tool for fire modelling purposes. Potential users are urged to try the guide in other medium- to long-needled pines (P. pinea, P. canariensis, P. radiata, P. nigra, P. halepensis), especially when the understorey is composed of Mediterranean-type species. PiroPinus is a all-in-one user-friendly tool that integrates models based on observed, real-world, fire behaviour and effects. Unlike other available tools, PiroPinus has the ability to: 1. Reflect local stand and fuel conditions in the output; 2. Assess the likelihood of sustained fire spread and quantify marginal burning conditions. Fire modelling systems using properly developed custom fuel models can be used to obtain accurate estimates of fire behaviour. However, such systems perform poorly at the high-end of the moisture content range and are not able to produce site-specific estimates. PiroPinus is composed of several interrelated or stand-alone worksheets for distinct objectives: (1) FUEL. Data entry of basic fuel and stand descriptors to assess fuel load and fire behaviour and effects; (2) RX WIN. Prescription window (general burning conditions); (3) RX DEV. Prescription development, the definition of burning conditions to avoid undesired fire impacts on trees and the forest floor; (4) MOIST. Fuel moisture content, to estimate the moisture contents of surface fine dead fuels and decomposing litter; (5) FIRE. Ignition and fire behaviour, to assess the likelihood of fire spread and quantify fire characteristics; (6) IGN PLAN. Assessment and optimization of area treatment rate; (7) TREES. Fire impact on trees, to assess canopy damage and mortality; (8) FUEL DYN. Fuel dynamics, to estimate fuel consumption and post-burn accumulation; (9) POST-FIRE. Post-burn assessment of fire behaviour and effects; (10) WEATH. Wind speed estimation and Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (for regional planning).
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-6 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and conifer forest regeneration stimulation. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-3 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing, conifer forest regeneration stimulation, and saving of groups of young trees (preliminary forest regeneration). A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-1 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and stimulation of conifers regeneration. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-4 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing, conifer forest regeneration stimulation, and saving of groups of young trees (preliminary forest regeneration). A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-7 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing, stimulation of conifers regeneration, and saving of groups of young trees (preliminary forest regeneration). A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-8 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing, stimulation of conifers regeneration, and saving of groups of young trees (preliminary forest regeneration). A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: PB Mapper (User's manual) / Multicriteria GIS tool to plan prescribed burning (User's manual)
Language: English
Description: PB Mapper is a software application, which is going to provide a fast location of potential prescribed burning treatments in a geographic area, using multiple criteria as input. Criteria may be fuel models, topography, location of roads, location of settlements, location of protected areas etc. Further, the tool will allow for an assessment of the effectiveness of the proposed prescribed burning treatments on the reduction of fire hazard in the analysis area. Fire hazard is estimated through the calculation of fireline intensity (Byram, 1959) before and after the implementation of the proposed PB treatments. Finally, PB Mapper will provide database functionality for the recording of actual prescribed burning treatments information.After a PB action is implemented, information concerning the location, vegetation, weather, costs and impacts of the action can be recorded in a database.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-11 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and conifer forest regeneration stimulation. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-9 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and stimulation of conifer forest regeneration. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-12 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and stimulation of conifer forest regeneration. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-15 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and conifer forest regeneration stimulation. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-14 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and conifer forest regeneration stimulation. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-13 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and conifer forest regeneration stimulation. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_Russia_Krasnoyarsk-10 /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of a prescribed burn in the Krasnoyarsk region, Russia: purpose of treatment, location, burn conditions, site description and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was slash removing and conifer forest regeneration stimulation. A simple management plan is available from the contact person.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S003 /
Language: en
Description: Mestre Gama and Giuseppe Delogu in a prescribed fire plot in São Pedro do Sul Maître Gama et Giuseppe Delogu dans une parcelle de brûlage dirigé a São Pedro do Sul El Mestre Gama y Giuseppe Delogu en una parcela de quema dirigida a São Pedro d Sul Il Mestre Gama e Giuseppe Delogu in una parcella di fuoco controllato a São Pedro do Sul Mestre Gama e Giuseppe Delogu numa parecela de fogo controlado em São Pedro do Sul
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Title: Prescribed burning demonstration site_France_Railleu /
Language: English
Description: Provides a summary of prescribed burns in Railleu, Pyrénées-Orientales, France: site description, recent history and fire use, technical sequence, maps and supporting documents of the demonstration site. The purpose of the treatment was to improve grassland value and to decrease wildfire risk for the surrounding forests.
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Title: D5.3-1 Report on the effects of broad scale and long-term application of prescribed burning on fire risk components /
Language: English
Description: Effect of prescribed burning on the mitigation of fire risk was discussed in fire prone ecosystems of three European countries (Greece, France and Portugal). Two study cases were presented using two different fire modelling approaches, the spatial fire growth model FARSITE and FIRETEC a physically based fire propagation model. This study showed that fuel management with prescribed burning had a significant effect on fire propagation hazard. It needs to be completed with further studies on prescribed burning effects on the other fire risk components such as ignition likelihood or vulnerability (fire effects on trees). First results also showed the need of optimizing the spatial pattern of fire application both when applied extensively on the landscape, and when located on a fuel break network. The first study case concerned a conifer forest located in Kassandra peninsula in northern Greece, which has been affected by a 7120 ha wildfire in August 2006. Prescribed burning effectiveness was assessed by using the FARSITE simulator for comparing fire spread over the landscape before and after prescribed burning application on a network of stripe-shaped fuel-breaks. Analysis showed a significant reduction of fire potential (fireline intensity, flame length and total burned area) as a result of fuel treatments. The second study case concerned a shrubland and woodland mosaic in limestone Provence, France, where prescribed burning has been used as a fuel reduction tool for more than 15 years The effectiveness of prescribed burning was assessed by comparing fire potential (rate of spread, fireline intensity) before and in the years following prescribed burning treatments. Analysis carried out at the stand scale gave valuable information on the immediate potential fire hazard reduction after prescribed burning. In order to estimate the appropriate prescribed burning return interval, two management scenarios were used (i) a fire intensity threshold compatible with efficient and safe fire fighting or (ii) a shrub encroachment threshold easy to assess by forest managers. In both cases, the prescribed burning return interval varied from 2 to 3 years, depending on fuel types. When applying prescribed burning on a 15 years period, fire risk mapping on the whole State forest showed a higher fire risk reduction when using the fire intensity threshold than a fuel encroachment threshold. A third study case in the Portuguese mainland tested an important assumption of the fire paradox: does fuel age have an influence on burn probability and wildfire size? Fire frequency analysis of mapped fire perimeters ≥10 ha (1998-2008) indicated that fire occurrence was weakly to moderately dependent of fuel age. However, contrarily to the usual expectation, age-dependency did not decrease for larger fire size classes (i.e with increasingly extreme fire weather). Finally, we explored the variation in fire size statistics with fuel age. Older fuels (roughly >8 years after burning) were associated to more variable fire sizes, allowing much larger wildfires. From the results we infer that landscapes submitted to a mean prescribed fire return interval of 4 years will not support wildfires larger than 500 ha. However, adequate spatial planning of the treatments is expected to reduce the annual treatment rate. This deliverable contributes to solving the Fire Paradox because it clearly shows how fuel modification can decrease wildfire hazard and severity which is the first specific objective to be addressed in Integrated Wildland Fire Management. The state of the art chapter has shown that several fuel modification techniques, such as mechanical treatments, are available and used in Europe, but it has also demonstrated that prescribed burning although being increasingly used in some countries, still has to be strongly supported with the objective of the wisest complementarities between fuel treatments. Also, prescribed burning is the approach based on the paradox of fire, reducing fuels strategically before they can be used by wildfires, thus decreasing wildfire risk and severity.
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Title: Deliverable 5.3-4 Guide for End Users to design Prescribed burning and other actions to mitigate fire risk in the Mediterranean ecosystems /
Language: English
Description: The use of appropriate fuel treatments, such as prescribed burning and silvicultural treatments could be a decisive tool for the management of wildfire hazard and the mitigation of the wildfires impacts on ecosystems and society. This Guide is based on the experience of the treatments implementation, particularly in Europe and tries to give some general rules on the treatment that should be applied in each case. The Guide begins with the description of the forest ecosystems concerned, then presents basic information about the fire environment, and gives an estimation of the wildfire risk in each case. The Guide continues with a short description of the most known fuel treatments, including prescribed burning, as well as several silvicultural treatments such as thinning, pruning, clearing, herbicide application and control grazing. The criteria for the selection of the most suitable treatment are then analysed, mainly based on the type of the ecosystems and the topographic characteristics, while the application methodology of the treatment selected is then described. The Guide finally presents the case of three typical Mediterranean ecosystems, where the above-mentioned treatments were applied, and the fire behaviour was simulated in order to estimate their effectiveness on the fire risk mitigation.
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Title: Deliverable 5.4-2 Recommendations for prescribed burning mapping in Mediterranean-type natural vegetation and forests (merged with D5.4-3). /
Language: English
Description: The assessment of the landscape by means of fire hazard classification over time, can form a useful basis for integrated fire management planning and fire protection, including prescribed burning application planning. In some regions of South Africa these procedures have reduced wildfire damage with more than 80% over more than one decade. Similar assessment procedures - with the aid of mapping - are also recommended for European countries, where burnable areas exceed 10 000 ha.
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Title: D7.1-1.3-43 Basis to start the process for a proposal of a new legislation at EU level /
Language: English
Description: The previous deliverables (D.7.1.-1.1 and D.7.1-1.2) that review and assess the legislation and policy instruments concerning integrated wildland fire management (IWM) have identified the components of the legal frameworks, the existing legal gaps and the contribution of forest policies to IWM at European and national levels. Based on this previous work, deliverable D7.1-1.3 will focus on establishing the basis from which to start a proposal for new legislation in order to achieve an integrated wildland fire management adapted to the European context.
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Title: D7.1-3.1 Collection, classification and mapping of the current prescribed fire and suppression fire practices in Europe /
Language: English
Description: This document is the first step in the research on prescribed burning and suppression fire practices in European and North African countries, which will be followed by several deliverables: (i) an in-depth analysis of this type of practices, taking into consideration legal and political issues, as well as the influence of the spatial and socioeconomic factors, to be delivered in February of 2008; (ii) the elaboration of recommendations for the development of prescribed burning and suppression fire practices in European and North African countries, at the regional scale, in February of 2009; (iii) and finally a recording system and a handbook of good practices related to both uses, foreseen for August of 2009.
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Title: D8.2-1 Requirements concerning aerial observation /
Language: English
Description: This document about the aerial observation is a synthesis of needs, technical possibilities and constraints.
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Title: Deliverable 9.2-4-40 Report on final set of real-time demonstrations of suppression fires addressed, targeting local stakeholders as well as foresters and fire fighters. /
Language: English
Description: This is a set of demonstrations, which are characterized by using fire-attack techniques with technical fire; in real-time wildland fires, or in exercises with prescribed burning. By setting up these demonstrations, we opt for two different scenarios, which are categorized by: (i) Static demonstration scenarios (demonstrations which are carried out at sites previously prepared to burn, an outlined experimental field is used, or it concerns a controlled or prescribed burn), and (ii) Dynamic demonstration scenarios (those demonstrations are performed in real-time wildland fires and where the technical fire is used as a suppression tool). One of the most important features of the technical fire demonstrations is the probability for knowledge transfer and to improve the accumulation of experience. Also to gain experience and to exchange these between all members, by means of using sheets/forms, provided to capture the essence of the demonstrations (both static and dynamic). These forms consist of one section with characteristic data, and another part which explains in detail the realized operations with technical fire: Backfire, Burnout and Counter Fire.
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Title: Deliverable 10.4-1-40 Guidelines for exchanges between fire managers /
Language: English
Description: N/A
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Title: Guidelines for the integration of prescribed burning in the FIRE PARADOX environment: within natural vegetation, industrial forest land and the urban interface /
Language: English
Description: The first step with this study will be to assess to what extent prescribed burning-related results can be extrapolated between regions within Southern Africa, and more particular between the main grassland and fynbos biomes. The main comparisons that will be made here will be between the montane and savanna grassland and fynbos shrubland vegetation bases, as well as between the industrial pine plantations established within these two main biomes. During this study, certain contrasting features have been identified, which could also have a significant effect on the extent to which the South African fire-related R&D results can be extrapolated to the EU environment, and which should always be considered before application. Secondly, certain important “matching features” have been identified in particular between South Africa and Portugal, which will make any comparison between these two countries important with regard to the integration of the prescribed burning potential in the latter country. The outcome of the above study will also be used to determine to what extent these results can be extrapolated further into the Mediterranean environment, in particular to France and Italy, where some prescribed burning-related work has been applied in the past, as in Portugal. This part of the study will focus mainly on vegetation habitat comparisons, and – in the case of Italy – will concentrate only on the potential of prescribed burning in Pinus halepensis stands in the Basilicata province, where one prescribed burning experiment was conducted during 2007. Finally, the outcome of this study (with regard to integration) will be taken a final step further with a short discussion how the results can be used elsewhere in Europe.
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Title: Deliverable 9.2-4-40 Report on final set of real-time demonstrations of suppression fires addressed, targeting local stakeholders as well as foresters and fire fighters. /
Language: English
Description: This is a set of demonstrations, which are characterized by using fire-attack techniques with technical fire; in real-time wildland fires, or in exercises with prescribed burning. By setting up these demonstrations, we opt for two different scenarios, which are categorized by: (i) Static demonstration scenarios (demonstrations which are carried out at sites previously prepared to burn, an outlined experimental field is used, or it concerns a controlled or prescribed burn), and (ii) Dynamic demonstration scenarios (those demonstrations are performed in real-time wildland fires and where the technical fire is used as a suppression tool). One of the most important features of the technical fire demonstrations is the probability for knowledge transfer and to improve the accumulation of experience. Also to gain experience and to exchange these between all members, by means of using sheets/forms, provided to capture the essence of the demonstrations (both static and dynamic). These forms consist of one section with characteristic data, and another part which explains in detail the realized operations with technical fire: Backfire, Burnout and Counter Fire.
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S004 /
Language: en
Description: The speaker during the vision of the extract of the Film “Fire against the fire”Les orateurs pendant la projection de l’extrait du film « Le feu contre le feu »Los oradores durante la proyección del extracto de la película “El fuego contra el fuego”Gli oratori durante la visione dell’estratto del film “ Il fuoco contro il fuoco”Oradores a visualizarem o extracto do filme “O fogo contra o fogo”
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource S002 /
Language: en
Description: Observation of the biomass after the prescribed fire Observation de la matière organique après la réalisation d’un brûlage dirigéObservación de la materia orgánica después de la realización de la quema dirigida (fotografía de Liliana Bento)Osservazione della materia organica dopo la realizzazione del fuoco controllato Observação da matéria orgânica depois de realização de fogo controlado
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Title: Deliverable D9.1-4-1000 Guidelines for prescribed burning for the specific vegetation types assessed within the FIRE PARADOX community /
Language: English
Description: In this paper guidelines for prescribed burning inside pine stands are provided for Southern Africa. Where applicable, these guidelines have been extended to Mediterranean countries in Europe, where pine stands are growing under near-similar conditions, in related natural vegetation bases. It was determined that - where pine trees were established in dynamic grasslands - fire can be applied without damage to the trees when the trees are still relatively young, but that is not the case when pine trees are growing inside a shrubland vegetation base. In the case of the latter existence of a significant percentage of the base vegetation present, may force postponement of the earliest burning date to a stage when tree crown canopies have suppressed most of this vegetation. Subsequently the degree of crown canopy closure was found to be the major influencing factor in determining the degree of difficulty of prescribed burning inside pine stands: The closer the tree crown canopy, the easier it will be to apply fire with an acceptable degree of safety. Adversely, it was determined that the more dominant natural vegetation (particularly shrubland) was present inside pine stands, the more difficult it will be to apply prescribed burning inside stands without damage to the trees, and that tree mortality could be possible (de Ronde et al. 1990; de Ronde et al. 2004b). Photoseries, forest floor classifications and fuel classifications have been identified as useful fuel-assessment tools for the application of prescribed fire with confidence and - where these do not exist at a regional scale - the development of such fire management tools is strongly recommended (de Ronde, 2008a). The relative role of cambium damage and tree crown scorch have also been presented in this paper, by species, vegetation base, tree age and tree growth rate (tree size). Recommendations have also been provided how to restrict fire damage to trees under various burning conditions and tree stand characteristics. These recommendations were also extended to certain regions within some Mediterranean countries (de Ronde, 1988; de Ronde et al., 1990).
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: National Park of Gerês: debate with locals about using tactical fire to protect the zones of young shrubland used for animal grazingParc national de Gerês: discussion avec des habitants pour protéger avec un feu tactique les zones de jeunes broussailles utilisées pour la litière des animauxParque Nacional do Gerês: discusión con la población para proteger con el fuego táctico las zonas del arbusto joven utilizadas para los animalesParco nazionale di Gerês: discussione con la popolazione per proteggere con il fuoco tattico le zone di macchia ancora giovani utilizzate per gli animaliParque Nacional do Gerês: discussão com os populares para proteger com fogo táctico as zonas de mato jovem utilizadas para a cama dos animais
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Title: Lousã 2007 resource /
Language: en
Description: Small operation of tactical fire with the help of a lighter between a trail point and brush collecting zone point, in the National Park of GerêsPetite opération de feu tactique avec l'aide d'un briquet entre une piste et une zone de recueil de broussailles, dans le Parc National de GerêsPequeña operación de fuego táctico con la ayuda de un mechero entre un punto de un camino y un punto de una zona de recolección de las arbustos, en el Parque Nacional del GerêsPiccola operazione di fuoco tattico con l'aiuto di un accendino fra un punto su strada e un punto in una zona di raccolta della macchia, nel Parco Nazionale di GerêsMicro-operação de fogo táctico com ajuda de um isqueiro entre um caminho e uma zona de recolha de mato, no Parque Nacional do Gerês
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Title: Handbook to Plan and Use Prescribed Burning in Europe /
Language: English
Description: Prescribed burning is the planned application of fire to achieve forest and wildland management goals. The practice of prescribed burning demands skills and experience and is always under public scrutiny. The wise use of fire should maximize the benefits of burning while avoiding or minimizing its negative impacts. Consequently, prescribed burning is framed by land management goals and site-specific treatment objectives and is conditioned by both environmental and social restrictions. The decision-making and planning process can thus benefit from decision-support tools that are expected to expand and strengthen the technical proficiency of the practitioners. The inception and adoption of prescribed burning by managers and management organizations is relatively new in Europe and dates back to the early 1980s. The use of prescribed burning is geographically restricted and its potential to manage wildlands is still largely unfulfilled, especially in forested areas. The political and socio-economic environment is decisive, but there is a need for more basic knowledge and operational guidelines to assist prescribed burning programs. The FIRE PARADOX project directed most of its effort to technological development, training and dissemination. As one of the outcomes, this handbook compiles, organizes and synthesizes the information — both qualitative and quantitative — relevant to burning prescriptions in European ecosystems, i.e. the conditions desired for the burn and that will fulfil the pre-defined treatment objectives. The conceptual framework to plan, carry out and evaluate a burn operation in Figure 1 is implicit in the handbook. Knowledge that was dispersed or needed to be formalized is aggregated and digested. The handbook has been developed by: (1) Examining the available technical information, i.e. burning guides and best practices (e.g. Vega et al. 2001, Fernandes et al. 2002, Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department 2008); (2) Collecting prescriptions from the agencies and individuals involved in prescribed burning management or research in Europe; (3) Collecting information from the FIRE PARADOX prescribed burning demonstration sites; (4) Using models of fire behaviour and effects to generate burn prescriptions to achieve more generic or more specific treatment goals. The handbook gathers prescriptions from all around Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Scotland, Spain, Sweden). The environments range from subtropical (Canary islands) to boreal (Sweden). The information is organized and presented in a hierarchy that considers vegetation type, country or region, and management objective. Most data respects to the application of fire to decrease fuel hazard or to manage habitats for pastoral or nature conservation purposes in diverse types of shrubland and pine woodland. Included in the handbook are ranges for the desired weather and moisture conditions and fire behaviour and effects, as well as ignition patterns and the return interval for the treatments. Two types of prescriptions are presented, respectively: (1) to achieve a broad goal, e.g. renew pastures; or (2) to attain a specific treatment objective, usually defined in quantitative terms, e.g. reduce fuel load by 70%. The technological solutions to plan prescribed fire operations vary across Europe. General burning windows consisting of ranges in weather conditions or in fire danger rating indexes (like in Sweden, Germany and Portugal) are commonplace. In Catalonia, Spain, six standard prescriptions are individualized based on fuel availability and wind speed. USDA Forest Service fire simulation tools are used in Spain and Portugal to prepare site-specific prescriptions, which include sets of values (minimum, preferred, maximum) for weather conditions, fuel moisture contents, fire behaviour characteristics and selected fire effects. In Portugal, the PiroPinus tool (Fernandes 2003) was developed to assist in planning and evaluating the results of prescribed underburning in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) stands. Prescribed burning practitioners are the main target of the ‘Handbook to Plan and Use Prescribed Burning in Europe’ and can benchmark their practice against the recommendations, familiarize with and try prescriptions developed elsewhere for the same objective and provide input towards improvement and refinement. In the course of exchanges between regions and countries, this handbook is expected to constitute a rapid reference guide for the ‘outsiders’. Educational organizations and environmental consultants will also benefit. The handbook will naturally find application in prescribed burning training and outreach, and can provide a framework to plan research on fire ecology topics. We expect that this handbook will contribute both to disseminate and to improve the wise use of fire across Europe.
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Title: Comportamiento del fuego en un pastizal del sitio ecológico ‘media loma’, región chaqueña occidental (Argentina) / Fire behaviour in grassland ecological site 'media loma', western Chaco region (Argentina)
Language: Spanish
Description: Fire behavior, considered a part of fire ecology, is together with fire prevention one of the two components of the ´fire triangle´ currently used as a basis for fire management and control. We assessed the fire behavior in a grassland located in the midland range ecological site in the Chaco region, northwestern Argentina. The site of the experiments was the ´La María´Experimental ranch, INTA Santiago del Estero Research Station, (28º 03’ S 64º 15’ E). Fire was applied in two study sites in 6 plots each. Fine fuel load, botanical composition, and fine fuel bulk density were estimated by sampling. Fire behavior was assessed by estimating forward rate of spread and flame length. These data were analysed using ANOVA with study site as independent variable. Correlation among variables was assessed using the Kendall’s ô correlation coefficient. Study sites presented a different botanical composition: plots were either dominated by Trichloris pluriflora (E.) Fournier, or by Pappophorum pappipherum (Lam.) Kuntze. Plant of these species possess different proportion of stems and leaves. These facts significantly affected fine fuel load, bulk density (p > F = 0,0001 in both cases) and the forward rate of spread (p > F = 0.0001). The latter was 27,62 m*min-1 in study site 1, where the first species dominated; and 21 m*.min-1 in study site 2, where the second dominated, respectively. Average flame length was 3,5 m, but reached 6 m when volatile shrubs ignited and participated in the propagation of fire. Correlations among forward rate of spread and fuel load with bulk density was positive and significant (p < 0,0001), but was not significant in the case of flame length. Fires were of high intensity and move fast and need blacklines or other indirect measures for control.
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