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Tiger - 2D Fire Propagation Simulator Model

Available fire propagation simulators are based on either 2D (rather simplistic empirically-based) or 3D (complicated, physically-based) spatial representations, the latter requiring very heavy computational capacity. Tiger is a new model characterised by an intermediate level of complexity.

This tool is based on a modular modelling approach and on the integration of different sub-models (combustion, convection/diffusion, irradiation, wind, insolation, fire spotting). The philosophy is that complex systems can be described by simple processes, with complexity arising as an emergent property of their integration. Further, we believe in a declarative modelling approach with transparent presentation of the model structure and sub-model interactions.

The software interface uses Google Earth technology for visualisation. The models are designed to simulate fire propagation in various conditions of fuel heterogeneity and include wind/fire interactions.

The model is aimed to be an advanced tool for teaching applications and a powerful demonstrator of the philosophy of the Fire Paradox project, able to show the interactions between wind and fire in different landscape scenarios.

Screenshots of the Tiger model.

Tiger brochure

For further information: Laboratorio di ecologia applicata http://www.ecoap.unina.it/

prof. Stefano Mazzoleni (stefano.mazzoleni@unina.it)
dott. Francesco Giannino (giannino@unina.it)